Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 25 May 2017, 23:39

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 03 Jan 2005
Posts: 2236
Followers: 16

Kudos [?]: 342 [0], given: 0

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Feb 2005, 15:40
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

69% (01:55) correct 31% (01:19) wrong based on 425 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

218. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
In this sentence, English idiom requires one of two paradigms: x ordered y to be z‘ed or x ordered that y be z
'ed
. Choice E, the best answer, employs the second of these paradigms. Choice A mixes the two paradigms
(levels... to be measured and that the results be published), producing a sentence that lacks parallelism. C
and D use neither paradigm and are thus unidiomatic. Also, in D, the pronoun their has no logical and
grammatical antecedent. Choice B unidiomatically employs the verb should (not in either paradigm); also, the
pronoun their does not agree in number with seawater, its most logical antecedent.

I strongly believe the word be is missed out in option E. E should read:
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results be
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Kaplan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 148
Location: Toronto
Followers: 45

Kudos [?]: 197 [6] , given: 0

Re: Subjunctive - sentence correction [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2010, 14:58
6
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
vyassaptarashi wrote:
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

Your post title says it all!

The subjunctive mood must be used whenever you have an order or recommendation verb. Some examples of such verbs are order, mandate, recommend, ask and demand.

To properly use the subjunctive, the sentence structure is:

[subject] [verb] that [next subject] [infinitive form of next verb, without "to"]

For example:

Fred's boss demands that Fred be on time for work.
Financial experts recommend that investors do research.
Our professor asks that we be prepared for class.

On to the question!

When you have long complex sentences, you should start by stripping away the extraneous material. So, paraphrasing the original:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered the levels ... to be measured and that the results be published.

If we've trained ourselves well, we see the verb "ordered" and immediately think "subjunctive time!" There has to be a "that" after ordered - eliminate A, C and D.

Now we scan B and E and note that B has "should be measured". You never use "should" with an order or recommendation verb (you're already making an order or recommendation, so "should" is redundant) - eliminate B.

Only E fixes our subjunctive issues - choose E!

If we wanted to double check the structure of E:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered that the levels ... be measured and the results published.

There should actually be a "be" before published (which means that either the question has been mistyped or the original question isn't perfect), but otherwise all good.
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2022
Followers: 2215

Kudos [?]: 7749 [4] , given: 291

Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Aug 2013, 08:02
4
KUDOS
Expert's post

Hi all,

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results published.

This is the sentence with the correct answer choice E. We all agree that this sentence uses the subjunctive verb and hence we need the construction “have ordered + that + Subjunctive verb”.

Choice E completely complies with that. The only thing here is that “be” is understood before “publishes”. It’s not that it is missing all together. It has just been kept understood and has not been repeated before “publishes” because it has already been used once before the first entity in the parallel list – “be measured”.

This is not an uncommon thing on GMAT SC. There are many sentences where we have seen that helping verbs are kept understood before the other entities in the list if that helping verb has been used before the first entity. This is the case with this one too.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2008
Posts: 181
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 91 [1] , given: 11

Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Sep 2010, 13:20
1
KUDOS
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
241. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

for the subjunctive mood, we need that. So eliminate A, C and D
In B should is wrong. And with the results being is also wrong.

E rectifies the problem. and it maintains ||ism
be measured .. be published
Manager
Joined: 07 Oct 2010
Posts: 177
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 168 [1] , given: 10

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2010, 12:46
1
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 644
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 37

Kudos [?]: 243 [1] , given: 10

Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Dec 2014, 06:49
1
KUDOS
abhi398 wrote:
dont we need that before results

Hi Abhi, you might want to a refer to another post of mine in this regard: http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmatprep-challengeq-the-bones-of-majungatholus-atopus-176167.html#p1394601.

In this specific case, if that was repeated after and, I believe there would have been a slight change in meaning. Let's take the following two sentences:

i) Jack's parents ordered that Jack go to the temple and donate to the priests.

ii) Jack's parents ordered that Jack go to the temple and that Jack donate to the priests.

Statement ii) seems to suggest that the two activities are independent, and hence are not revealing that the second activity is a subset/consequence of the first one.

In any case, none of the options has a that...and that.. structure, so it's bit of a moot point.

Nevertheless, for exam purposes, what is more handy to remember is the other way round: Whenever there is a structure such as and that, and which, and whose etc., there must be a corresponding similar structure (that, which,whose etc.) on the LHS of and.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Director
Joined: 29 Oct 2004
Posts: 855
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 212 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

11 Feb 2005, 15:51
I had this problem before too. But it is better to use POE. (E) is the answer because it stands out best.
This question simply tests subjunctive mood.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
Missing 'that', unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
'should' will not be in a subjunctive mood sentence. The use of 'with + noun + gerund' is almost always wrong.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
Wrong use of subjunctive mood

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
Wrong use of subjunctive mood

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
You may ask why there is no 'that' before 'the results' and why there is no 'be' after 'the results'. I believe this ellipsis is appropriate. Just look

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and [that] the results [be] published.
SVP
Joined: 03 Jan 2005
Posts: 2236
Followers: 16

Kudos [?]: 342 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

11 Feb 2005, 16:31
Yes that's exactly what my question is. I chose E too myself, but I wonder why there shouldn't be a "be" after the "results".
Director
Joined: 19 Nov 2004
Posts: 558
Location: SF Bay Area, USA
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 209 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

11 Feb 2005, 17:51
E)
This tests the subjunctive Verb use
Here the Subjunctive verb is "demand"
The sentence should be of the prototype
S + Subjunctive Verb + that + S + Verb (base form)

..... ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

The colors of the various parts of the above sentence match the colors of the prototype's parts.

Subjunctive - So you need the base form of verb 'is' - 'be'
SVP
Joined: 03 Jan 2005
Posts: 2236
Followers: 16

Kudos [?]: 342 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

11 Feb 2005, 22:23
In my opinion the correct way to say it is:

... ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results be published.

But the choice is missing the "be" after results.
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 May 2005
Posts: 279
Location: CA, USA
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

SC OG11 bacteria in seawater [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Oct 2005, 08:10
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

A. the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
B. that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
C. the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
D. seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
E. that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5221
Followers: 26

Kudos [?]: 403 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

13 Oct 2005, 08:19
Yes, ordered that is idiomatic. An ellipsis is used for ordered the results be published.

E.
SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1885
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 323 [0], given: 0

Re: SC OG11 bacteria in seawater [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Oct 2005, 08:25
qpoo wrote:
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

A. the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
B. that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
C. the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
D. seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
E. that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

This sentence tests the subjective clause.
ordered ( is a subjuntive verb) + O + to infinitive/to be
or ordered + that + S + base verb/ bare infinitive/ be
uhm, re-consider, E is correct coz it maintains the parallelism of the second form.
Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2005
Posts: 165
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 207 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

13 Oct 2005, 10:30
E for me too

the idiom ordered that is tested, as well as the subjunctive
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 May 2005
Posts: 279
Location: CA, USA
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

13 Oct 2005, 13:44
GMATT73 wrote:
Yes, ordered that is idiomatic. An ellipsis is used for ordered the results be published.

E.

the OA is E

OE: ordered that the levels ... be measured and (that) the results (be) published.

can you shed some light on the when to use / not use ellipsis ?

thanks
SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1713
Location: Dhaka
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 374 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2005, 13:21
14. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
_________________

hey ya......

Director
Joined: 15 Aug 2005
Posts: 796
Location: Singapore
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2005, 18:50
E it is.
Wrong underlining though!
_________________

Cheers, Rahul.

SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1885
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 323 [0], given: 0

Re: SC # Waste-disposal companies [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2005, 19:45
nakib77 wrote:
14. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

subjunctive mood in E ordered that ......be .....and.... be ...... is correct
SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1713
Location: Dhaka
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 374 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2005, 14:40
yup E is the OA.

now I understand why E is correct, but what is wrong with A. why did you scratch it out..... A also uses the subjunctive rule correctly.
_________________

hey ya......

SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1713
Location: Dhaka
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 374 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2005, 15:02
yup E is the OA.

now I understand why E is correct, but what is wrong with A. why did you scratch it out..... A also uses the subjunctive rule correctly.
_________________

hey ya......

27 Oct 2005, 15:02

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 53 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Advanced SC: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies 5 01 May 2015, 16:26
8 Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state 13 21 Sep 2013, 15:18
3 Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required 12 01 Sep 2015, 23:21
7 Despite the warnings that tobacco companies are now required 5 25 May 2016, 08:54
7 Despite protests from some shareholders, committee members 13 04 Apr 2017, 01:18
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.