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# Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health

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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 26 Nov 2019, 06:37
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Question Stats:

76% (01:06) correct 24% (01:37) wrong based on 972 sessions

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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

Spoiler: :: OE
In this sentence, English idiom requires one of two paradigms: x ordered y to be z‘ed or x ordered that y be z
'ed
. Choice E, the best answer, employs the second of these paradigms. Choice A mixes the two paradigms
(levels... to be measured and that the results be published), producing a sentence that lacks parallelism. C
and D use neither paradigm and are thus unidiomatic. Also, in D, the pronoun their has no logical and
grammatical antecedent. Choice B unidiomatically employs the verb should (not in either paradigm); also, the
pronoun their does not agree in number with seawater, its most logical antecedent.

I strongly believe the word be is missed out in option E. E should read:
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results be

Originally posted by HongHu on 11 Feb 2005, 15:40.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Nov 2019, 06:37, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2012, 03:18
11
1
This is a classic case of the use of the command subjunctive and of //ism.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be -------1. you are missing the connector – that - in the first part while it is there in the second arm ; 2. First part is in infinitive and the second part is in subjunctive; unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being …. Should be measured is not part of a command subjunctive clause. This is neither fully subjunctive nor infinitive.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be -----ordered the measure and ordered the results - can these inanimate things be ordered?

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results ….1 Missing th all important connector –that-2. there is ambiguous. Does it stand for officials, or beaches or levels or bacteria?

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results --- correct choice. It fulfills the three essential requirements of a command subjunctive namely 1. the mandatory or the bossy word namely -ordered -. 2. the connector word – that- and 3. the base form of the verb – be measured and ( be ) published -.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 14:58
11
3
vyassaptarashi wrote:
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

Your post title says it all!

The subjunctive mood must be used whenever you have an order or recommendation verb. Some examples of such verbs are order, mandate, recommend, ask and demand.

To properly use the subjunctive, the sentence structure is:

[subject] [verb] that [next subject] [infinitive form of next verb, without "to"]

For example:

Fred's boss demands that Fred be on time for work.
Financial experts recommend that investors do research.
Our professor asks that we be prepared for class.

On to the question!

When you have long complex sentences, you should start by stripping away the extraneous material. So, paraphrasing the original:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered the levels ... to be measured and that the results be published.

If we've trained ourselves well, we see the verb "ordered" and immediately think "subjunctive time!" There has to be a "that" after ordered - eliminate A, C and D.

Now we scan B and E and note that B has "should be measured". You never use "should" with an order or recommendation verb (you're already making an order or recommendation, so "should" is redundant) - eliminate B.

Only E fixes our subjunctive issues - choose E!

If we wanted to double check the structure of E:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered that the levels ... be measured and the results published.

There should actually be a "be" before published (which means that either the question has been mistyped or the original question isn't perfect), but otherwise all good.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2005, 15:51
4
1
I had this problem before too. But it is better to use POE. (E) is the answer because it stands out best.
This question simply tests subjunctive mood.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
Missing 'that', unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
'should' will not be in a subjunctive mood sentence. The use of 'with + noun + gerund' is almost always wrong.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
Wrong use of subjunctive mood

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
Wrong use of subjunctive mood

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
You may ask why there is no 'that' before 'the results' and why there is no 'be' after 'the results'. I believe this ellipsis is appropriate. Just look

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and [that] the results [be] published.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2010, 13:20
1
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
241. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

for the subjunctive mood, we need that. So eliminate A, C and D
In B should is wrong. And with the results being is also wrong.

E rectifies the problem. and it maintains ||ism
be measured .. be published
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2012, 08:13
1
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
Command subjunctive and parallelism
he ordered that X and Y; the command subjunctive effect should be in both the parts so we have to avoid the use of anything such as,to be, be etc..before Y.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 08:02
5

Hi all,

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results published.

This is the sentence with the correct answer choice E. We all agree that this sentence uses the subjunctive verb and hence we need the construction “have ordered + that + Subjunctive verb”.

Choice E completely complies with that. The only thing here is that “be” is understood before “publishes”. It’s not that it is missing all together. It has just been kept understood and has not been repeated before “publishes” because it has already been used once before the first entity in the parallel list – “be measured”.

This is not an uncommon thing on GMAT SC. There are many sentences where we have seen that helping verbs are kept understood before the other entities in the list if that helping verb has been used before the first entity. This is the case with this one too.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2014, 05:08
dont we need that before results
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2014, 06:49
2
abhi398 wrote:
dont we need that before results

Hi Abhi, you might want to a refer to another post of mine in this regard: http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmatprep-challengeq-the-bones-of-majungatholus-atopus-176167.html#p1394601.

In this specific case, if that was repeated after and, I believe there would have been a slight change in meaning. Let's take the following two sentences:

i) Jack's parents ordered that Jack go to the temple and donate to the priests.

ii) Jack's parents ordered that Jack go to the temple and that Jack donate to the priests.

Statement ii) seems to suggest that the two activities are independent, and hence are not revealing that the second activity is a subset/consequence of the first one.

In any case, none of the options has a that...and that.. structure, so it's bit of a moot point.

Nevertheless, for exam purposes, what is more handy to remember is the other way round: Whenever there is a structure such as and that, and which, and whose etc., there must be a corresponding similar structure (that, which,whose etc.) on the LHS of and.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2019, 12:56
In option 'E' "be" is missing before published. Can you please tell me what is the rule for that?

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2019, 19:02
himanshurajawat wrote:
In option 'E' "be" is missing before published. Can you please tell me what is the rule for that?

GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo MikeScarn generis hazelnut daagh Bunuel VeritasKarishma

Hi himanshurajawat , welcome to GMAT Club.

• The verb be does not appear before "published" in option E because that second be is implied.

• The writer has used "splitting the verb" and "ellipsis" to omit words later in the sentence.

The officials have ordered two things.

For the first action, the author writes the entire verb phrase: have ordered that ABC be measured

For the second action, the author does not write the entire verb phrase again.
For the second action, the author "splits" the verb have ordered that ABC be [past participle/verbED]
-- the author repeats only the past participle for the section action (the verbED word published)
-- published is "split" from the rest of the verb phrase. Two parts of that verb phrase are implied.
-- the author does not repeat have ordered that and does not repeat be.

• Why Option E makes sense
Splitting the verb and ellipsis allow us to avoid having to repeat the whole verb phrase a second time.
After the verb is split* and parts of the verb are omitted, the sentence makes sense because we understand what seems to be missing.

Step 1: No ellipsis, option E (verbs are in blue):

State health officials (1) have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and (2) have ordered that the results be published.

Step 2: Split the verb and omit words. The whole first part carries over to the second event, which is indicated only by the word "published."

The author split the command subjunctive construction, which is written this way:
have ordered + that + subject + BE + past participle (verbED)

The verb verb involves no splitting and no ellipsis: have ordered that levels be [measured]
The second verb involves both splitting and ellipsis: and [results] published.
The words have ordered that and be are mentioned only once but carry over to both actions.

The text with strikethrough indicates what the author omitted:

State health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and have ordered that the results be published.

Step 3: View the sentence as it changes.
Remove the text that was stricken. Verbs in boldface type are actually stated and also [imply what has been removed].

State health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and [have ordered that] the results [be] published.
↓↓↓↓↓
State health officials have ordered that the level of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results published.

***
The use of split verbs and ellipsis is fairly common on the GMAT.
Below are three official sentences in which verbs have been split.

Spoiler alert: answers to questions are revealed if you click on the links.
This official question in command subjunctive splits and elides the verb: HERE
This official question, whose structure is sophisticated, splits and elides the verb: HERE
Finally, this official question splits and elides a verb around an idiomatic construction: this official question, here

In other words, the second "be" verb "be" is not missing. Both have ordered that and be are implied for the second task.
I hope that analysis helps.

*Splitting the verb?When we "split" a verb, the first part usually is mentioned only once and is implied before all of the other verbs.

• When a verb consists of more than one word (to study, had walked, be measured, be published), we can "split the verb" by breaking the words apart.
• The first part of the verb is usually mentioned only once, but that first part "distributes" to (applies to, carries over to) the other second parts of that verb.
Correct: At trial, judges should project fairness, maintain court order, and deliver fair rulings.
The word SHOULD is mentioned one time before project and is implied before maintain and deliver.

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2019, 20:16
himanshurajawat wrote:
In option 'E' "be" is missing before published. Can you please tell me what is the rule for that?

GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo MikeScarn generis hazelnut daagh Bunuel VeritasKarishma
Hi himanshurajawat,

In option E, there are two elements joined by a coordinating conjunction, and. Let's take a look at E with a second be:

... state health officials have ordered that
(a) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured
and
(b) the results be published.

In such cases, the verb (or part of the verb) may be dropped from the second element if it (the verb or part of the verb) is repeated, as long as the meaning of the sentence is not affected. In this question, both (a) be measured and (b) be published start with be, and we may drop the be from the second clause (this is what option E does):

... state health officials have ordered that
(a) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured
and
(b) the results published.

It is not just the be that is "understood". The ellipsis extends to state officials have ordered that as well. Without ellipsis, we'd get:

... state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and state health officials have ordered that the results be published.

More examples:
If the truth were to emerge that the case began with an illegal police search, the evidence would quite likely be thrown out and the case dismissed. [1]

"the evidence would quite likely be thrown out and the case (would be or would likely be) dismissed"

Had Ney followed the standard military tactics of the Napoleonic Wars, and brought up infantry and artillery to pound the trapped squares, Wellington's centre might have been broken and the battle won. [2]

"Wellington's centre might have been broken and the battle (might have been) won"
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2019, 20:16
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