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Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have

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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2017, 21:46
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AR15J wrote:
I read all the explanation, but I still could not understand why choice B is incorrect? Ellipses are not preferred when we have another correct choice that seems to be wordy?


Even I opted for B. But following post from e-gmat will hopefully clear your doubt.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-far-elli ... l#p1198393
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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 11:34
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AR15J wrote:
I read all the explanation, but I still could not understand why choice B is incorrect? Ellipses are not preferred when we have another correct choice that seems to be wordy?



In option A and B, the pronoun "they" refers to "automakers" (NOT "dividends") by virtue of parallelism*. Thus option A and B do not make sense: "...than automakers were" / "..than automakers have been" are both wrong because there isn't a possible word that is omitted (after "were"/"have been") occurring already in the sentence. The correct word that could follow is "setting", but this word does not occur in the sentence. Omission is not allowed from the second element of a parallel structure if the word does not already occur in the first element. Here the first element has the word "set", not "setting". Thus both options A and B are wrong.

[*If there are two antecedents of a pronoun which is the subject of a clause, then the subject pronoun refers to subject noun in another clause in the sentence (rather than a non-subject noun).]

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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 23:39
Thanks RD and Sayantanc2k,

The below OG question confused me.



Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as the current one.

A. equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as
B. equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are
C. equally likely that they will exceed the proposed speed limit as
D. as likely that they will exceed the proposed speed limit as
E. as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are.

Correct answer is E. When we exapand choice E

Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are exceeding the current one.

here "to exceed" is replaced by "exceeding" in the later part of the sentence. Please help !

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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 23:56
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AR15J wrote:
Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as the current one.

A. equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as
B. equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are
C. equally likely that they will exceed the proposed speed limit as
D. as likely that they will exceed the proposed speed limit as
E. as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are.

Correct answer is E. When we exapand choice E

Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are exceeding the current one.

here "to exceed" is replaced by "exceeding" in the later part of the sentence. Please help !
Keep in mind that there is no full stop at the end of the last option.

Option E does not give us Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are exceeding the current one.

Instead, option E says
Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are likely to exceed the current one.

Why did you go for the first one?
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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 08:41
I was between B and C and chose B. After reading all the explanations above, the only fault in B i think is that the sentence is incomplete.
They in option C also could refer to automakers or analysts like option B. The only difference is that in option C, the sentence is complete.

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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 05:34
IMO: It is important to understand what the GMAT tries to test here: namely, Comparison!
The meaning behind is that analysts expect automakers to be more conservative OR to set more conservatively than they were or did in the past.
Now we need to find the right comparisons components (person - person or verb-verb)

As above, D) and E) are out because of idiom expression: expect XY to VERB

A) to set dividends more conservatively than they were -> wrong comparison: verb - person; DID would be correct

B) to set dividends more conservatively than they have been (setting) ->verb - verb; could be right comparison, but the verb tense (present perfect progressive) would be wrong! So the main reason why B) is wrong is because the Verb Tense is not justified. (Present Perfect Progressive emphasize that the automakers are still doing the action... This distorts the meaning!)

This is why C) is correct was it compares person-person.


Hope it helps!

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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2017, 16:18
RMD007 wrote:
AR15J wrote:
I read all the explanation, but I still could not understand why choice B is incorrect? Ellipses are not preferred when we have another correct choice that seems to be wordy?


I think it is a matter of meaning... conservative must refer to automaker, not dividends.

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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 01:26
ongste wrote:
Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have propelled automobile companies’ common stocks to new highs, several industry analysts expect automakers, in order to conserve cash, to set dividends more conservatively than they were.

(A) to set dividends more conservatively than they were

(B) to set dividends more conservatively than they have been

(C) to be more conservative than they have been in setting dividends

(D) that they will be more conservative than they were in setting dividends

(E) that they will be more conservative than they have been to set dividends



doesnt luk like pronoun issue...
purely based on ellipsis..

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Re: Despite recent increases in sales and cash flow that have   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2017, 01:26

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