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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset

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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2019, 23:38
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A
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C
D
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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it may actually increase the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.

A - Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it may actually increase

B - Even though the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases

C - Since the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases

D - Because the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral—at best, research indicates that it may actually result in an increase in

E - Because Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best—research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in

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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 05:33
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I went with B but I think I see why C is correct.

The keyword here is since, which supports the last part of the sentence- some countries do not observe it. 'Even though' and 'despite' explain the contrary research finding but not the fact that countries do not observe it. If we read the complete sentence and not just the underlined part, since the research findings are x, some countries don't observe daylight savings. Makes sense!

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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 02:17
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Ok... all sentence matter. C because we can see opposition - some countries observe and some not so it has additional effects.
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 19:12
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shrutig87 wrote:
Choice C - "it" pronoun error. We donot know what it refers to - impact or daylight saving time.
My reply is not specific to this question, but you generally don't want to remove an option just because it contains an ambiguous pronoun, unless you've already checked the other options for "bigger" errors. In other words, it is possible for an option that is ambiguous to be correct.
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 04:26
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Skyline393 wrote:
Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it may actually increase the number of car accidents occurring on the Monday after the clocks spring forward—some countries do not observe it.

A - Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, have been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it may actually increase

B - Even though the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases

C - Since the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases

D - Because the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral—at best, research indicates that it may actually result in an increase in

E - Because Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best—research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in


I was stuck between B and C. Can anyone explain please..
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 13:31
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generis GMATNinja

Can you explain the reason to eliminate option E?

I eliminated E because "may" and "possible increase" are redundant. A concise way to phrase would be "..it may actually result in increasing the number of accidents"

Let me know your thoughts
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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Apr 2019, 18:14
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goldeno wrote:
Can anyone explain why D is wrong?
The positioning of at best is not very good in option D.

C ...the impact of Daylight Saving Time... has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases...

D ... the impact of Daylight Saving Time... has been shown to be neutral—at best, research indicates that it may actually result in an increase in...

Option C says that the impact is neutral, at best. This is where we want the at best (close to the overall impact). Option D appears to tell us that at best, research indicates something. This makes it harder for the reader to connect the at best to DST, as it seems to (a) refer to something about the research itself or (b) say "at best, DST may actually result in an increase in the number of accidents".

The basic structure we're looking for is "its impact is neutral, at best, or (negative thing)". Option D gives us "its impact is neutral, or at best, (negative thing)".

Also, the may actually result in is slightly wordy.
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Originally posted by AjiteshArun on 19 Apr 2019, 18:28.
Last edited by AjiteshArun on 20 Apr 2019, 18:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2019, 00:24
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avin2788 wrote:
Two doubts -

1. Despite is used when there are contradictory sentences - which is present in this case. However, the correct option uses "Since".

2. "at best—research indicates that it may actually increase" - why "may" word is omitted in the correct option?

Hi avin2788 ,
Quote:
1. Despite is used when there are contradictory sentences - which is present in this case. However, the correct option uses "Since".


In this case, although it may seem as if we have a contradiction, we don't have one.

Research has proven that Daylight Saving Time is neutral at best.
Research has also shown that car accidents increase on the Monday after the time switch.

Daylight Saving Time at best does not help (is unproductive).
At worse, it is unproductive and counterproductive—it causes accidents is counterproductive).

Because Daylight Saving Time has neutral or bad effects, some countries do not use it.
Since DST has neutral or bad effects, some countries do not use it.

No contradiction exists.
X is neutral at best and bad at worst, so some countries do not use it.
Quote:
2. "at best—research indicates that it may actually increase" - why "may" word is omitted in the correct option?

May is omitted because it is unnecessary.
It also dilutes the sentence.
Accidents either increase or they do not.
The research shows that accidents do increase.
The "may" is a hedge or a filler.

If Daylight Saving Time is at best neutral in terms of fulfilling its original intent
to conserve energy;
and if DST does increase car accidents (not possibly increase accidents),
the logic underlying some countries' rejection of DST is stronger. :)
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 18:50
This question seems to have an error in every answer.

Choice C - "it" pronoun error. We donot know what it refers to - impact or daylight saving time.
Choice E - "may" and "possible increase" are redundant
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2019, 14:43
Can anyone explain why D is wrong?
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2019, 23:19
Two doubts -

1. Despite is used when there are contradictory sentences - which is present in this case. However, the correct option uses "Since".

2. "at best—research indicates that it may actually increase" - why "may" word is omitted in the correct option?
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2019, 00:23
pikolo2510 wrote:
generis GMATNinja

Can you explain the reason to eliminate option E?

I eliminated E because "may" and "possible increase" are redundant. A concise way to phrase would be "..it may actually result in increasing the number of accidents"

Let me know your thoughts

pikolo2510 , I missed this tag. You are spot on.

Option (E) inserted into a shortened sentence:
Because Daylight Saving Time has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best—research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in the number of car accidents—some countries do not observe it.

Nice catch! Yes, may and possible are redundant:
"may actually result in a possible increase . . .

Correct answer (C) states "...it actually increases ..."

The redundancy also wobbles towards nonsense.
To my native ear, "DST may actually result in a possible increase in accidents" sounds as if it were an oxymoron. Research identifies that a non-varying factor increases accidents or it does not.

(E)'s phrasing sounds as if Daylight Saving Time is a drunk or sleepy driver who MAY cause an accident.
Sometimes sleepy drivers cause accidents and sometimes they do not.
It appears that every Monday after DST sets in, more car accidents happen.
That coincidence is not variable.
It is not possible that DST may actually increase car accidents. DST actually does increase accidents. :)
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2019, 17:46
A- HAVE REFERS SINGULAR SUBJECT
B-SEE it is an ongoing discussion use of even though does not present a reason for which some countries don’t follow DST.BKZ IT HAS PROS AND CONS ATTACH TO IT,THE AUTHOR CANT SUPPORT IT.THE BEST WAY IS TO PRESNT A REASON NOT SUPPORT.
THE essence is because/since result of DST is neutral at best, some counties don’t use it.
C-lets keep it.
D- PRESENCE OF “AT BEST” IS AFETR “—” SHOWS THAT ACCIDENTS ARE GOOD THINGS.MEANING ERROR
E-“may actually result in possible” is redundant. also this has a phenomena of recent past and the concept is pretty much in use in the west.so may has no option.because they know the result almost is neutral so why to adopt.This is an well researched concept.GMAT expect us to know certain facts atleast for sentence correction as it is a test of usa.

so OA-C
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2019, 01:34
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Can you please explain why B is wrong and C is correct ?

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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2019, 03:38
Even though the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset of which clocks are set forward by an hour, has been shown to be neutral, at best—research indicates that it actually increases. Why B is wrong?
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2019, 22:15
sayan640 wrote:
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Can you please explain why B is wrong and C is correct ?

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"Despite" and "Even though" in options (A) and (B) show contrast.

This is the structure of (B)

Even though the impact of Daylight Saving Time ... has been shown to be neutral at best ... some countries do not observe it.

When the impact of DST has been shown to be neutral at best, you expect countries to not observe it. Only if we see benefit should we observe it. But the impact is neutral at best (and there may be some negative impact). Then why would countries observe it?

The structure could be
Even though the impact of Daylight Saving Time ... has been shown to be neutral at best ... some countries STILL observe it.

Here, we see contrast. Even though there is no positive impact, still countries observe it. In option (B), there is no contrast but we are using even though. Use of even though is not correct then.
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2019, 22:45
GMATNinja VeritasKarishma
In C the subject is the impact...the last part "some countries do not observe it" refers to thew Daylight saving time and not its impact!

E appears both logically and grammatically right..The subject is correctly the Daylight Saving time itself and use of because also seems correct...So i chose E over C...
Ur thoughts pls
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Re: Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2019, 01:35
Debashis Roy wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasKarishma
In C the subject is the impact...the last part "some countries do not observe it" refers to thew Daylight saving time and not its impact!

E appears both logically and grammatically right..The subject is correctly the Daylight Saving time itself and use of because also seems correct...So i chose E over C...
Ur thoughts pls
Debashis


"it" logically refers to "Daylight Saving Time" so pronoun ambiguity is not a problem in (C). It cannot refer to impact. Ambiguity occurs when a pronoun could refer to either one of two antecedents. e.g.
Take the bag out of the car and get it fixed.
Get what fixed? Bag or car? Not sure.

As for (E), there are problems in that.

Because Daylight Saving Time ... has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best - research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in... some countries do not observe it.

There is so much of if and but going on here... "it may actually..." and "in a possible ..."
It should simply be - research indicates it increases ... Research will indicate something concrete - it increases, stays same or decreases.
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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2019, 02:17
VeritasKarishma wrote:
Debashis Roy wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasKarishma
In C the subject is the impact...the last part "some countries do not observe it" refers to thew Daylight saving time and not its impact!

E appears both logically and grammatically right..The subject is correctly the Daylight Saving time itself and use of because also seems correct...So i chose E over C...
Ur thoughts pls
Debashis


"it" logically refers to "Daylight Saving Time" so pronoun ambiguity is not a problem in (C). It cannot refer to impact. Ambiguity occurs when a pronoun could refer to either one of two antecedents. e.g.
Take the bag out of the car and get it fixed.
Get what fixed? Bag or car? Not sure.

As for (E), there are problems in that.

Because Daylight Saving Time ... has been shown to have a neutral impact, at best - research indicates that it may actually result in a possible increase in... some countries do not observe it.

There is so much of if and but going on here... "it may actually..." and "in a possible ..."
It should simply be - research indicates it increases ... Research will indicate something concrete - it increases, stays same or decreases.



Please help me to understand why option B is incorrect?

Thanks

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Despite the fact that the impact of Daylight Saving Time, at the onset   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2019, 02:17
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