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# Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane

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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2017, 02:58
Why is the answer A and not E ? ( In particular asking since the ending should be "would" and not "will" given the expectation of an event in the future.. This will automatically eliminate option A ?

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Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2017, 09:31
VidyaIyengar wrote:
Why is the answer A and not E ? ( In particular asking since the ending should be "would" and not "will" given the expectation of an event in the future.. This will automatically eliminate option A ?

Hi VidyaIyengar ,

Welcome to GMATClub .

There is a solid reason for rejecting option E.

The number MUST always be singular. But E says "the number are". Hence, INCORRECT.

(E) fact that the number of people who purchase plane tickets online are growing, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers compared with automatic teller machines, many travelers would

P.S: Will vs would comparison should not be a reason for rejecting any option.(Provided you have a better option with would.)
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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 08:58
Okay, I did pick C in a hurry. Huge error. A is the answer. Please note the reasoning below. Also, if anyone could comment on the same it will help:

Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machine, many travelers will still use travel agents.

(A) growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, many travelers will - 'will' indicates more surety of the statement made, correct

(B) growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced MISSES THAT, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would - indicates lesser indication to 'convinced'

(C) growing number of people purchasing plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced MISSES THAT, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers as compared to automatic teller machines, many travelers will. (Only will is correct, prompting a careless error )
My question here is though - is 'purchasing' (PRESENT CONTINUOUS) correct here or 'who purchase' (SIMPLE PRESENT)

(D) fact that the number of people purchasing plane tickets online is growing, airline execituves are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers as compared to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would
redundancy in 'the fact'
(E) fact that the number of people who purchase plane tickets online are growing, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers compared with automatic teller machines, many travelers would
repairs it by introducing THAT but retains redundancy

Would be glad to hear opinions on the query on tenses!

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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 09:10
sayantanc2k wrote:
sowragu wrote:

Do the usage of "TO" correct in a comparison in Option A and Option B "just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human
tellers to automatic teller machines
"

Yes the usage of to is correct. The idiomatic structure is prefer X to Y, not prefer X than Y.

Correct: I prefer tea to coffee.
Wrong: I prefer tea than coffee.

In this sentence: Customers prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines...... correct

Another query : 1) what is more correct, in context of this question: "people who purchase" or "people purchasing"?. Latter indicates its a current phenomenon, correctly seen as present continuous, so why are options which contain them are wrong? 2) Also, how does that placement of 'THAT' after convinced a more serious error than tenses? (option C in particular)

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Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 06:08
sayantanc2k wrote:
sowragu wrote:

Do the usage of "TO" correct in a comparison in Option A and Option B "just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human
tellers to automatic teller machines
"

Yes the usage of to is correct. The idiomatic structure is prefer X to Y, not prefer X than Y.

Correct: I prefer tea to coffee.
Wrong: I prefer tea than coffee.

In this sentence: Customers prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines...... correct

Another query : 1) what is more correct, in context of this question: "people who purchase" or "people purchasing"?. Latter indicates its a current phenomenon, correctly seen as present continuous, so why are options which contain them are wrong? 2) Also, how does that placement of 'THAT' after convinced a more serious error than tenses? (option C in particular)

1)
First, "purchasing" is a present participle modifier, not a verb ( in present continuous tense) as you mentioned.
Second, using a present participle modifier is alright in this case. Option C and D are wrong not because of the use of present participle.

2)
Not clear about this query: Placing "that" after "convinced" is not an error, but the correct usage. In GMAT it is generally preferred to use "that" to introduce an object substantive clause (i.e., a clause used as an object noun).

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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 11:45
Hello Experts,

In option B, if I remove the fluff and read the sentence, it still makes sense. Option B is wrong because of the usage of would instead of will?

I don't think 'that' is misplaced in option B. Please correct me if I am wrong

P.S : - i went through all the comments and didn't find the answer for my above question
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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 11:46
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Hello Experts,

In option B, if I remove the fluff and read the sentence, it still makes sense. Option B is wrong because of the usage of would instead of will?

I don't think 'that' is misplaced in option B. Please correct me if I am wrong
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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 20:20

Also specifically, why is would wrong?

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Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 17:27
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Few Point First - The use of "Despite" and "Despite the fact that" is both ok here.

- "despite" takes Gerund, Noun or Noun phrase. BUT never a clause
- "despite the fact that" takes clause.

(A) growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, many travelers will

-Correct

(B) growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would

- Looks good BUT .....many travelers "would" . The tense is wrong.

(C) growing number of people purchasing plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers as compared to automatic teller machines, many travelers will

- the first error in convince+that, the second is prefer X to Y. Prefer takes infinitive.
Furthermore, the word "prefer..to.." already has the meaning of compare so there's no need to add compare after "prefer"

(D) fact that the number of people purchasing plane tickets online is growing, airline execituves are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers as compared to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would

- Same tense "would" in B and Same "prefer X to Y" Prefer takes infinitive.

(E) fact that the number of people who purchase plane tickets online are growing, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers compared with automatic teller machines, many travelers would

- "prefer X to Y" and tense error on "would"
- The number of <--- is a singular

Just my opinion, so please correct me if I were wrong.

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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 20:02
NNURP wrote:
Few Point First - The use of "Despite" and "Despite the fact that" is both ok here.

- "despite" takes Gerund, Noun or Noun phrase. BUT never a clause
- "despite the fact that" takes clause.

(A) growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, many travelers will

-Correct

(B) growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would

- Looks good BUT .....many travelers "would" . The tense is wrong.

(C) growing number of people purchasing plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers as compared to automatic teller machines, many travelers will

- the first error in convince+that, the second is prefer X to Y. Prefer takes infinitive.
Furthermore, the word "prefer..to.." already has the meaning of compare so there's no need to add compare after "prefer"

(D) fact that the number of people purchasing plane tickets online is growing, airline execituves are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers as compared to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would

- Same tense "would" in B and Same "prefer X to Y" Prefer takes infinitive.

(E) fact that the number of people who purchase plane tickets online are growing, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers compared with automatic teller machines, many travelers would

- "prefer X to Y" and tense error on "would"
- The number of <--- is a singular

Just my opinion, so please correct me if I were wrong.

Thanks a lot for the explanation.

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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2017, 02:52
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Expert's post
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hello Experts,

In option B, if I remove the fluff and read the sentence, it still makes sense. Option B is wrong because of the usage of would instead of will?

I don't think 'that' is misplaced in option B. Please correct me if I am wrong

"That" is definitely misplaced. "That" should come immediately after "convinced" to denote what the executives are convinced of. "That" introduces a subordinate clause - the entire subordinate clause starting with "that" denotes what the executives are convinced of. Hence omitting "that" before "just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines" does not make sense.

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Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2017, 03:20
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Expert's post
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hello Experts,

In option B, if I remove the fluff and read the sentence, it still makes sense. Option B is wrong because of the usage of would instead of will?

I don't think 'that' is misplaced in option B. Please correct me if I am wrong

Hello pikolo2510,

Use of that in Choice B is certainly incorrect. Let me explain this to you with the help of simple example.

Just as the sting of snakes are poisonous, the sting of some scorpions are venomous too.

The above-mentioned sentence is correct as is. The clause starting with as is a dependent clause while the following clause is an independent clause. Together they form a complete sentence.

Adding that before the independent clause will make it a dependent clause. In absence of any independent clause, there will not be a sentence.

Now let's look at Choice B:

... just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would...

In this structure too, we just need an independent clause after teller machines to present comparison in the correct grammatical structure. Use of that actually leads to structural error in Choice B.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2017, 03:32
TSofat wrote:

Also specifically, why is would wrong?

Hello TSofat,

Thank you for the query.

We use would for

i. uncertain events or
ii. a future event spoken in the past time-frame.

The official sentence in question does not present any of the situations. The sentence clearly mentions that the airline executives are convinced or sure that many travelers will still use travel agents. So there is no question of any uncertainty.

Also, the entire sentence is written in simple present tense. There is no mention of any past event. In fact, in the present, the airline executives are convinced about what it going to continue happening in the future. Hence, use of would is incorrect to present an event that is going to continue in the future.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2017, 19:10
pmal04 wrote:
Despite the growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machine, many travelers will still use travel agents.

(A) growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, many travelers will

(B) growing number of people who purchase plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would

(C) growing number of people purchasing plane tickets online, airline executives are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers as compared to automatic teller machines, many travelers will

(D) fact that the number of people purchasing plane tickets online is growing, airline execituves are convinced, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers as compared to automatic teller machines, that many travelers would

(E) fact that the number of people who purchase plane tickets online are growing, airline executives are convinced that, just as one-third of bank customers still prefer human tellers compared with automatic teller machines, many travelers would

look at choice c
if "that " is omitted, we do not know "just as..." modify which clause, preceding or following clause. so ommission of "that" is not alway wrong. consisder
I know you get into harvard with good gmat score and deep experience.
is correct. we do not need "that" here because the grammatical relation between clause is clear.

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