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# Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and

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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2014, 22:45
1
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent : plural verb for proportion
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably : plural verb for proportion
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent : Yet and despite in same scentence cant be used
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably : Yet and despite in same scentence cant be used
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 12 Jan 2016, 23:21
Can some one help me in understanding the phrase "at major law firms who are women" --> Here its confusing that law firms being women.. Kindly help

Originally posted by sowragu on 12 Jan 2016, 23:19.
Last edited by sowragu on 12 Jan 2016, 23:21, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2017, 03:16
Hi Expert,

I have a doubt in the option C
the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms "who" are women has not risen comparably.

The placement of who looks tricky in the sense, to what it is referring to, the law firms or the women.

I take was option D bit I ignored the 'yet' part.
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2017, 07:22
But that should be the last principle, right? It doesn't take precedence over grammatical rules. I just feel that "who" is not modifying the correct nouns.
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2017, 10:30
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1
The grammar underlying the using of relative pronouns is that a relative pronoun can modify a slightly distant noun if it is not able to modify the word before it if logic doesn't permit and if the intervening phrase is essentially defining the eligible noun. (called a critical mission modifier by MGMAT)

Now let us look at choice C.

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably ---
1. Logic does not permit the inanimate firms to be related to 'who'
2. 'at major law firms' is defining the noun 'partners' as the practitioners of law at these firms are called technically 'partners'
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14 Jan 2018, 21:36
I understand that C is the best option among all but doesn't "who" in C refer incorrectly to firms rather than the proportion of women ? It is a strict rule when it comes to relative pronouns such as who, which etc.
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2018, 15:49
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations,
the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

in D & E - Use of two contrast words are incorrect
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2019, 06:43
GMATNinja wrote:

Well, there are two things that are different in (D) than in (C). One is that the word “comparably” is used in (C), but “to a comparable extent” appears in its place in (D). Honestly, I don’t know if this is a big deal. “Comparably” seems more succinct to me, but I’m not sure that “to a comparable extent” is necessarily WRONG. I certainly wouldn’t eliminate (D) based on that alone, even though I mildly prefer the shorter version in (C).

The other weird issue is the use of “yet” at the beginning of the underlined portion. So that gives us “Despite the increasing number of women…, yet the proportion of women judges…” That’s wrong: both “yet” and “despite” begin dependent clauses, so now the sentence just consists of two dependent clauses in a row. That’s not OK.

So (D) is out.

Good day Sir Charles GMATNinja

I'm a little confused with "despite" and "yet"
As far as I know "comma + FANBOYS" starts new IC, why "yet" in (D) is DC?
I considered that "Despite" is firts dependent clause, then "comma+yet"-IC so structure of the sentence is fine...
To me (D) was more appetitive that (C) with "who" modifier...

Without "yet" (D) will be correct from meaning and grammar standpoint?
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

Could you please enlighten my doubts?
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2019, 14:27
How do you know that proportion is the subject and not women?
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2019, 12:58
daagh wrote:
Andi

andi

Where do you have a choice among the five, having women as the subject? Our job is to find the correct choice among the given five unless we are u trying to create our own topics? I am afraid this approach is simply out of scope.

Now that this is an official question, are we going to say that we cannot answer this question, as there are no correct answers?

Thank you for the response Daagh.

But Women is part of the underline and it's included in all of the possible answer choices:

Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

And if you ask yourself "who/what have not risen to a comparable extent" wouldn't the logical answer be the women?
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2019, 21:45
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Andi
You may see that this is a clause starting with a modifier and followed by the subject of the main sentence, namely, the proportion. If women were the subject, then the clause should have started with the word "women". Just because 'women' is found somewhere in the underlined part, it won't be eligible to become the subject. There are so many other words also in the underlined part. Can they all contend to be the subjects? What is being compared is the previous proportion with the current proportion.

This is a fundamental tenet in sentence construction. However, let's keep it aside for a while and focus on this question. You are still not telling us as to which is your preferred choice as per your thinking.

If you feel you are correct, please feel free to cling to your views notwithstanding that others may not agree
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2019, 00:58
by default, -this means when there is a split between plural and singular,- collective nouns is singular. a group of, a proportion of+ countable noun is this pattern.

but this dose not mean collective nouns cannot take plural. in OA of some problems on gmat, plural verb can go with collective nouns.
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08 Oct 2019, 22:16
How would "who" be justified after the word firms? is who not referring to women? and how is option E been eliminated ? Please explain. Thank you
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2019, 01:14
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rachnak82 wrote:
How would "who" be justified after the word firms? is who not referring to women? and how is option E been eliminated ? Please explain. Thank you

Hi Rachna, you are right. who cannot modify firms, since who can only modify persons. So, who is not modifying firms, but judges and partners.

Easiest way to eliminate E is on the basis of redundancy: since we already have despite, we don't need yet.
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2019, 02:41
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
(A) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent

This one is a gift from the GMAT gods: “… the proportion of (blah blah)… HAVE not risen…”

Nope, that’s a classic subject-verb error. We can get rid of (A). Thank you for giving us something easy for once, GMAT!

Quote:
(B) the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms have not risen comparably

(B) has exactly the same subject-verb error as (A): “… the proportion… HAVE not risen…” So (B) is gone, too.

Isn’t this exciting?

Quote:
(C) the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

Well, this works just fine: “the proportion… has not risen comparably.” Let’s keep (C).

Quote:
(D) yet the proportion of women judges and partners at major law firms has not risen to a comparable extent

Well, there are two things that are different in (D) than in (C). One is that the word “comparably” is used in (C), but “to a comparable extent” appears in its place in (D). Honestly, I don’t know if this is a big deal. “Comparably” seems more succinct to me, but I’m not sure that “to a comparable extent” is necessarily WRONG. I certainly wouldn’t eliminate (D) based on that alone, even though I mildly prefer the shorter version in (C).

The other weird issue is the use of “yet” at the beginning of the underlined portion. So that gives us “Despite the increasing number of women…, yet the proportion of women judges…” That’s wrong: both “yet” and “despite” begin dependent clauses, so now the sentence just consists of two dependent clauses in a row. That’s not OK.

So (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women has not risen comparably

And (E) has exactly the same problem as (D): two consecutive dependent clauses does NOT give us a legitimate sentence.

So we can eliminate (E), and (C) is our answer.

Isn't C ambiguous in that it looks as if who are women modifies law firms.
Best could have been "at law firms. the proportion of blah blah who are women blah blah". Please guide.
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2019, 23:20
azhrhasan wrote:
Isn't C ambiguous in that it looks as if who are women modifies law firms.

who cannot modify law firms, because who can only modify persons.
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Re: Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and   [#permalink] 12 Oct 2019, 23:20

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