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Despite the popularity of

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Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2017, 21:25
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Despite the popularity of vitamin and mineral supplements, people taking them are not giving themselves any significant nutritional advantage. Vitamins and minerals derived from fresh fruits and vegetables have far more potency than those processed in pill form. Not long ago, the Surgeon General recommended that people consume five servings of fruit and vegetables each day.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the above conclusion is based?

A) Vitamins supplements offer no health benefits.
B) Meats and fish do not contain healthy levels of vitamins and minerals.
C) Frozen vegetables and fruits are not an adequate source of vitamin nutrition.
D) It would take an enormous amount of fresh fruits and vegetables, consumed on a daily basis, to offer a worthwhile health advantage.
E) People who consume vitamins and minerals in pill form would consume significant amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables, whether or not they take vitamin and mineral supplements.

I could deduce the answer using POE, but I am not able to justify the answer in context of argument. Please advise.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by TheMechanic on 29 May 2017, 08:32, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2017, 21:27
Hi,

For this question, I could not decipher why correct answer is correct. Could you please assist in explaining this in detail?

Thanks in advance.
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Re: Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2017, 22:30
IMO the ans is D.

The conclusion : surgeon general prescribed ppl to consume fruits n veggies 5 times.

1. The conclusion is made without any mention of vitamin supplements. Even if there is any comparative scale, it's not mentioned. So this can't be the assumption.

2. Out of scope.
3. Out of scope.
4. If the assumption is this, then the 5 servings makes sense.
5. Doesn't provid any justification for 5 times.

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Re: Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2017, 22:39
argument structure says
A+B = A ... this means B does not have any significant value
E says exactly the same

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Re: Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 07:12
What's the official explanation for this question?

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Re: Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 20:04
Please explain the answer to this question

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Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2017, 20:49
nandini2093 wrote:
Please explain the answer to this question


Hi,

Premise : Despite the popularity of vitamin and mineral supplements, people taking them are not giving themselves any significant nutritional advantage. Vitamins and minerals derived from fresh fruits and vegetables have far more potency than those processed in pill form.

Conclusion : Not long ago, the Surgeon General recommended that people consume five servings of fruit and vegetables each day.

Paraphrase : 1. People who are consuming pills are equally likely to consume fruits without any problem. As people may not like consuming food therefore consuming pills.


Which of the following is an assumption upon which the above conclusion is based?

A) Vitamins supplements offer no health benefits.
In premises it is mentioned that it doesn't provide significant nutritional value but not that it doesn't provide any value.

B) Meats and fish do not contain healthy levels of vitamins and minerals.
OOS

C) Frozen vegetables and fruits are not an adequate source of vitamin nutrition.
OOS

D) It would take an enormous amount of fresh fruits and vegetables, consumed on a daily basis, to offer a worthwhile health advantage.
It repeats the conclusion and 'enormous' is an exaggerated word used here. OOS

E) People who consume vitamins and minerals in pill form would consume significant amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables, whether or not they take vitamin and mineral supplements.
The only choice left and It matches with our paraphrase that people would consume fruits irrespective of that they consume pill or not. If you negate the statement , conclusion will fall apart.
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Re: Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 16:03
TheMechanic wrote:
Despite the popularity of vitamin and mineral supplements, people taking them are not giving themselves any significant nutritional advantage. Vitamins and minerals derived from fresh fruits and vegetables have far more potency than those processed in pill form. Not long ago, the Surgeon General recommended that people consume five servings of fruit and vegetables each day.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the above conclusion is based?

A) Vitamins supplements offer no health benefits.
B) Meats and fish do not contain healthy levels of vitamins and minerals.
C) Frozen vegetables and fruits are not an adequate source of vitamin nutrition.
D) It would take an enormous amount of fresh fruits and vegetables, consumed on a daily basis, to offer a worthwhile health advantage.
E) People who consume vitamins and minerals in pill form would consume significant amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables, whether or not they take vitamin and mineral supplements.

I could deduce the answer using POE, but I am not able to justify the answer in context of argument. Please advise.


I am also not able to convince myself with "E" as correct answer. Can some expert help here?

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Re: Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 05:50
(E) is saying what the conclusion says "the pills are almost useless". If you take the vitamins, you eat vegetables. If you don't eat vitamins, you eat vegetables. I agree it is a little confusing, but reading it enough times helped me understand it. I got it through POE, too, so I was confused as well.
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Re: Despite the popularity of [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 03:02
Despite the popularity of vitamin and mineral supplements, people taking them are not giving themselves any significant nutritional advantage. Vitamins and minerals derived from fresh fruits and vegetables have far more potency than those processed in pill form. Not long ago, the Surgeon General recommended that people consume five servings of fruit and vegetables each day.

Conclusion: People consume five servings of fruit and vegetable each day.

Which of the following is an assumption upon which the above conclusion is based?

A) Vitamins supplements offer no health benefits.
Negate: Vitamins supplements offer health benefits.
This does not break the conclusion. We know that the supplements do offer nutritional benefits but they are not significant.

B) Meats and fish do not contain healthy levels of vitamins and minerals.
Negate: Meat and fish contain healthy levels of vitamins and minerals.
This doesn’t break the conclusion.


C) Frozen vegetables and fruits are not an adequate source of vitamin nutrition.
Negate: Frozen veggies and fruits are an adequate source of vitamins
This doesn’t break the conclusion.


D) It would take an enormous amount of fresh fruits and vegetables, consumed on a daily basis, to offer a worthwhile health advantage.
Negate: It would take a less amount of fresh fruits and veggies to offer a worthwhile health advantage
This too does not break the conclusion. Five servings could a lot more than what is required.


E) People who consume vitamins and minerals in pill form would consume significant amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables, whether or not they take vitamin and mineral supplements.
Negate: People who consume vitamins and minerals in pill form would not consume significant amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables, whether or not they take vitamin and mineral supplements.
Now, we know that the pills have far less potency than fresh veggies and fruits and that supplements do not provide a significant nutritional advantage. The recommendation of five servings might be sufficient for the people who already consume a significant amount of veggies and fruits but might be insufficient for other people. This negated statement breaks the conclusion.

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Re: Despite the popularity of   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2017, 03:02
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