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# Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of

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10 Jun 2010, 06:30
1
This SC is how to eliminate redundancy - "how it was" is redundant + ambiguous "it"

C it is.
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10 Jun 2010, 06:38
C it is.

A, B, D, E - incorrect - What is "it" referring? Is it the status of women in the last century or something else in the last century that we can compare the current women status with?

A, B, E - incorrect - "little changed" is incorrect..(little changed means changed to some extent but not
much....whereas...changed little implies did not changed at all)

B - incorrect - use of "is" (present tense) is incorrect

D - incorrect - sentence says "last century", so "how it has been" is unnecessary to state.
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10 Jun 2010, 11:25
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

Spoiler: :: OA
C

Kindly explain.

Despite the recent blah, blah, blah the status of women remains virtually the same in the last century.

"is little changed..." and "is a little changed" makes use of present tense in an awkward manner- A, B, and E are out.
"changed" implies a difference from what is usually obtained; so, no need to restate "from how it has been" in D.
Only C (has changed little) remains.
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11 Jun 2010, 13:02
2
C, mainly because it is concise and to the point.

D, because the status has already changed. It uses the present tense, has been. That says the status "has been something" in the past and "IS STILL THE SAME". Thus, "has been" cancels out "changed".

If "has been" is replaced by "had been", then D is correct.
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13 Aug 2010, 02:21
Its C.

Status has changed so C & D are left. It is ambiguos in D so C is correct.
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Re: the recent election of a woman  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2010, 07:18
242. Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.
(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

according to me..
has makes the sentence more lucid ( atleast here )
so we can narrow down to 2 answers
and then obv c is the best choice
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Re: the recent election of a woman  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2010, 09:22
great explanation Tommy. I wish I can get your brain for verbal questions.
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Re: the recent election of a woman  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2010, 09:28
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
242. Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.
(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

A, wrong, because change is a intransitive verb, so passive voice is wrong

b, change in meaning when change in this case is a noun

c, okie, enough to convey the idea

d, how it has been is not right tense because the pharase in the past

e, intransitive verb error, as A
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14 Jun 2011, 07:27
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

Kindly explain.

There is a subtle difference between "changed little" and "little changed". Both are correct but for this sentence, the former would be preferred.

Changed little: Means almost didn't change; seen as a negative aspect
Little changed: Really changed a little; seen as a positive aspect.

And we know the sentence want to say "changed little" because of the use of contrasting word "despite".

"Despite something positive, it is negative."

A, B, E- out.

D- status has been: is incorrect usage for the comparison of two things that are supposedly far apart in timeline. Also, "has changed" signifies that the change is still in effect and kind of ongoing.So the comparison should be avoided.

C: concise and conveys the intended meaning.

Ans: "C"
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14 Jun 2011, 08:31
+1 C

We are talking about an action that begun in the past but still taking place in the present. Present perfect is necessary.
D is wordy.
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15 Jun 2011, 10:02
I dont understand what is wrong with the original sentence,And how is C correct choice.
The elections happened recently,hence the change(the status of women) now, are rightly compared with those that have happened in the last century in A.

Suppose the election happened in 2000(21st century) and when the statement was written was of say 2001 or 2002.
Hence the changes that have taken in women's status' are compared to the changes in the last century(till 1999).
A correctly states this fact, thereby maintaining the meaning of the sentence.
C on the contrary, distorts the meaning of the sentence, making one beleive that the elections that happened in this century has brought little impact on women's status in the last century, which is illogical.
If somebody can explain the flaw in my understanding, it would be really helpful.
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15 Jun 2011, 18:15
C for me..

just wanted to you all to clarify something regarding the usage of despite and inspite of...

I read somewhere (cant find the source) which said that there is a subtle difference between the usage of the two words..

Despite should follow something negative and then the contrasting positive..For ex. Despite the odds, India still managed to win the cup.

Inspite of should follow something positive and then the contrasting negative..For ex. Inspite of having the best line up, S.A. did not win the cup.

It did sound a bit vague and new to me..Please clarify..

Thanks
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Re: Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 04:44
After split , C& D

C -is concise and clear
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Re: Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 06:35
Straight C. Correct usage of Present perfect, which streamlines an action from the past into the present. Also, neat and concise.

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Re: Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 06:41
Like everyone I went for D as well.

But in retrospect, I think the subject "THE STATUS" can't take the conjugation has been. You can say the situation has been bad, but I have never read a sentence which went: "The status has been bad." (But this is just my grammatical gut feel talking)

The second reason would be concision like most people said. But I don't like the word concision because it gets abused BADLY in the SC forum. So, why is this concision preferred? Well my personal reason would be that between C and D the change is little. So, how does it matter whether you refer to the old status or not. If you are going to say that the status changed a HUGE deal (positively or negatively) since last year then it would make sense to highlight that, else why bother. So ,go with C.

By the way it has a very clear and the referent is The status.
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18 Jun 2012, 21:01
suyash wrote:
I dont understand what is wrong with the original sentence,And how is C correct choice.
The elections happened recently,hence the change(the status of women) now, are rightly compared with those that have happened in the last century in A.

Suppose the election happened in 2000(21st century) and when the statement was written was of say 2001 or 2002.
Hence the changes that have taken in women's status' are compared to the changes in the last century(till 1999).
A correctly states this fact, thereby maintaining the meaning of the sentence.
C on the contrary, distorts the meaning of the sentence, making one beleive that the elections that happened in this century has brought little impact on women's status in the last century, which is illogical.
If somebody can explain the flaw in my understanding, it would be really helpful.

When we say "little has changed," the present perfect tense implies that the action started sometime in the past and it still continues on to this day. So we don't need to state the contrast because the situation has been the same since the last century to today. That's the reason why we're using present perfect. That's also the reason with D is incorrect. We can't have two things happening simultaneously.
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Re: Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of  [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 01:11
I still don't see how the comparison with the last century is made by choosing C...
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Re: Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of  [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 03:43
1
I still feel that in C, one jarring note Looks ominous. C simply says that
Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan has little changed in the last century.

I don't think that the choice exhibits even a grain of comparison with the recent times from the last century. Isn't this altered intent or digression from original focus? Logically how could one recent election of a woman to the P.M post have changed the status of the women in the last century?

I am with Roopika in this. May be I am totally wrong
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Re: Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2013, 08:39
C is right because you don't refer to status of women as 'how' but instead as 'what'. Only option which is free from this error is C.

Interestingly, Original statement was also correct except for this reason. Others claiming that original statement was not correct because it did not use present perfect tense have forgotten that there is no need for that.

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Re: Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2013, 09:57
I find it a bit vague that C is the answer.

The sentence says a woman has been elected as PM recently with no effect on the situation that has prevailed in the last 100 years. Now when you opt for C, doesn't it leave out that comparison? I mean a woman PM has not been around for 100 years. That is evident from the part that says recently. And I guess it would not be foolish to assume this.

Any thoughts anyone?
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