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# Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of

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Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2009, 08:17
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Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

Kindly explain.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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11 Feb 2009, 09:23
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Kindly explain.

Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

"it" --ambigous . it can refer to status or election..

C is the best.
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11 Feb 2009, 10:50
I will go for D.

"little changed" in option A and E is awkward.
B is wrong for "a little change". It requires a verb form.
C mentions the change but does not clarify "from what".
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11 Feb 2009, 13:11
Hi mates,

IMO C

because in the sentence the words "recent election" and "last century" are used, the sentence is bringing the action from the past to the present. Therefore, present perfect must be used: A, B and E out.

Now between C and D, D is repetitive, so C

OA and Source?

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11 Feb 2009, 23:24
Im confused b/w C and D.
C tells that status has changed little in the last century but does nt tell the status in the present century.
D removes this ambiguity by comparing the change with that in the last century. So will go with D.
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Kindly explain.

Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was
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11 Feb 2009, 23:35
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IMO D.

C distorts the meaning.

...has changed little in the last century.

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11 Feb 2009, 23:39
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On the second thought, D has an error- has been in last century. It would have been correct if iyt used "had been" in the last century.
Hence C is the best choice.
(On exam day, I wnt have the time for second thought )
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12 Feb 2009, 09:31
C changes the meaning

Will go with D.
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12 Feb 2009, 10:15
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Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was
Kindly explain.

Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

C is the best answer... but in D, the word "how" explains the status... but when you are talking about status, don't you want the word "What" (Like "What is the status of women?) I found that to be a little awkward.. Hence thought C was clearer, concise
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12 Feb 2009, 17:25
Its C for me

Recently indicates the verb tense which is present perfect, so has needs to be used. Also "changed" and "the way it was" indicates the same meaning, so cant be used in the same sentence.
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12 Feb 2009, 22:18
OA is C. Thanks for discussion.
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28 Jun 2009, 03:20
I go with D, C sounds incomplete
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10 Jun 2010, 06:30
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This SC is how to eliminate redundancy - "how it was" is redundant + ambiguous "it"

C it is.
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10 Jun 2010, 06:38
C it is.

A, B, D, E - incorrect - What is "it" referring? Is it the status of women in the last century or something else in the last century that we can compare the current women status with?

A, B, E - incorrect - "little changed" is incorrect..(little changed means changed to some extent but not
much....whereas...changed little implies did not changed at all)

B - incorrect - use of "is" (present tense) is incorrect

D - incorrect - sentence says "last century", so "how it has been" is unnecessary to state.
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10 Jun 2010, 11:25
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C

Kindly explain.

Despite the recent blah, blah, blah the status of women remains virtually the same in the last century.

"is little changed..." and "is a little changed" makes use of present tense in an awkward manner- A, B, and E are out.
"changed" implies a difference from what is usually obtained; so, no need to restate "from how it has been" in D.
Only C (has changed little) remains.
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11 Jun 2010, 13:02
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C, mainly because it is concise and to the point.

D, because the status has already changed. It uses the present tense, has been. That says the status "has been something" in the past and "IS STILL THE SAME". Thus, "has been" cancels out "changed".

If "has been" is replaced by "had been", then D is correct.
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13 Aug 2010, 02:21
Its C.

Status has changed so C & D are left. It is ambiguos in D so C is correct.
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14 Jun 2011, 07:27
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

Kindly explain.

There is a subtle difference between "changed little" and "little changed". Both are correct but for this sentence, the former would be preferred.

Changed little: Means almost didn't change; seen as a negative aspect
Little changed: Really changed a little; seen as a positive aspect.

And we know the sentence want to say "changed little" because of the use of contrasting word "despite".

"Despite something positive, it is negative."

A, B, E- out.

D- status has been: is incorrect usage for the comparison of two things that are supposedly far apart in timeline. Also, "has changed" signifies that the change is still in effect and kind of ongoing.So the comparison should be avoided.

C: concise and conveys the intended meaning.

Ans: "C"
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14 Jun 2011, 08:31
+1 C

We are talking about an action that begun in the past but still taking place in the present. Present perfect is necessary.
D is wordy.
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15 Jun 2011, 10:02
I dont understand what is wrong with the original sentence,And how is C correct choice.
The elections happened recently,hence the change(the status of women) now, are rightly compared with those that have happened in the last century in A.

Suppose the election happened in 2000(21st century) and when the statement was written was of say 2001 or 2002.
Hence the changes that have taken in women's status' are compared to the changes in the last century(till 1999).
A correctly states this fact, thereby maintaining the meaning of the sentence.
C on the contrary, distorts the meaning of the sentence, making one beleive that the elections that happened in this century has brought little impact on women's status in the last century, which is illogical.
If somebody can explain the flaw in my understanding, it would be really helpful.
Re: SC-Status of women   [#permalink] 15 Jun 2011, 10:02

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