Despite the tendency for agricultural farming to replace : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Despite the tendency for agricultural farming to replace

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Despite the tendency for agricultural farming to replace [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2004, 21:42
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Despite the tendency for agricultural farming to replace pastoral farming on some of the green lands of the world, there are still very extensive areas on which cattle rearing is still the main occupation.

From which of the following statements can the above statement be derived?

(A) The primary product of agricultural farming, cereals, is usually more profitable than the primary product of pastoral farming â€“ dairy related products.

(B) The inhabitants of the tropical grasslands (savanna), which account for a large proportion of the grassland in the world, still prefer cattle rearing to agricultural farming.

(C) In many parts of the world, cattle represent the main item of wealth and cattle raising is, in fact, a fairly successful means of livelihood, often resulting in results equivalent to those of agricultural farming.

(D) While a lot of people employed in the primary sector (farming) have taken to the services sector all over the world, instances of the opposite being true are few and far between.

(E) The conclusion that pastoral farming is a thing of the past is not valid.
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27 Jun 2004, 21:47
E for me
E is the only statement from which the above statement can be derived. The stem justifies the position taken by E.
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27 Jun 2004, 23:14
Agree with Paul. Choices A - D assume too much. Choice E is an example of an invalid conclusion that can be drawn from the argument.
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28 Jun 2004, 05:14
E should be it.........Only E shows the pastoral farming is preferred over agricultural.....!!
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28 Jun 2004, 06:26
Confused between (B) and (E),

Can any one refute (B).
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Re: CR: cattle [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2004, 06:33
I think that C is the correct answer. Because, C gives a clear reason why the pastoral farming is not replaced yet all over the greenlands of the world.

E has chronological aspect that supports the second part of the conclusion "there are still very extensive areas on which cattle rearing is still the main occupation." But, E does not support the first part of the conclusion "Despite the tendency for agricultural farming to replace pastoral farming on some of the green lands of the world". Why is the tendency?

What is OA?

srijay007 wrote:
Despite the tendency for agricultural farming to replace pastoral farming on some of the green lands of the world, there are still very extensive areas on which cattle rearing is still the main occupation.

From which of the following statements can the above statement be derived?

(A) The primary product of agricultural farming, cereals, is usually more profitable than the primary product of pastoral farming â€“ dairy related products.

(B) The inhabitants of the tropical grasslands (savanna), which account for a large proportion of the grassland in the world, still prefer cattle rearing to agricultural farming.

(C) In many parts of the world, cattle represent the main item of wealth and cattle raising is, in fact, a fairly successful means of livelihood, often resulting in results equivalent to those of agricultural farming.

(D) While a lot of people employed in the primary sector (farming) have taken to the services sector all over the world, instances of the opposite being true are few and far between.

(E) The conclusion that pastoral farming is a thing of the past is not valid.

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28 Jun 2004, 08:58
E on this one. The later part of C cannot be justified.
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28 Jun 2004, 16:47
Statement 1: There is a tendency for agricultural farming to replace pastoral farming
Statement 2: But cattle rearing is still the main occupation in many areas
Let X: agricultural farming
Let Y: pastoral farming
Whole argument says: Although X is increasing predominant vis-a-vis Y, Y is still very prevalent.

What could be point which the author wants to substantiate? Statement 1 seems to say that pastoral farming is "passÃ©"(dead) because it is losing ground to agricultural farming. However, statement 2 says that pastoral is still very prevalent; it is an attempt to rebut what is conveyed by statement 1. E says exactly that.

B talks about preferences of a specific area of the world which in no way is challenged by the given argument
C talks about the success of pastoral farming as a means of livelihood which again is out of scope
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Re: CR: cattle [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2004, 17:03
OA is C
I also picked E

Nice explanation mallelac
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28 Jun 2004, 18:46
Nice explanation mallelac. This has to do about "cause and effect". I misinterpreted this question but now see why C is better. E is more similar to the pattern of reasoning of the argument. I think this is a tough one
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29 Jun 2004, 00:17
C says that "In many parts of the world, cattle represent the main item of wealth."

Do you seriously believe that "the main occupation" translates into "the main item of wealth"??? A red flag flew up and I never got further than this statement. I don't think such a conclusion can be safely drawn from the argument.

I do agree that E employs a inferred conclusion but so does C if you answer "yes" to the question above. There are tons of reasons for the tendency to replace pastoral farming: ecological problems, decrease in grazing areas, you name it. To call pastoral farming passe, however, would be unsubstantiated.
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29 Jun 2004, 06:09
ob wrote:
C says that "In many parts of the world, cattle represent the main item of wealth."

Do you seriously believe that "the main occupation" translates into "the main item of wealth"??? A red flag flew up and I never got further than this statement. I don't think such a conclusion can be safely drawn from the argument.

I do agree that E employs a inferred conclusion but so does C if you answer "yes" to the question above. There are tons of reasons for the tendency to replace pastoral farming: ecological problems, decrease in grazing areas, you name it. To call pastoral farming passe, however, would be unsubstantiated.

This question is twisted. I think we must look at it more under the perspective of given that A, B, C, D or E are true, could any of them be a reasonable explanation from which we can draw the stated conclusion? We are not interested in the validity of any of the answer choices. We just take them as already true. Indeed, C would be a great answer choice since it gives a very possible explanation as to how:

"Despite the tendency for agricultural farming to replace pastoral farming [...] there are still very extensive areas on which cattle rearing is still the main occupation."

Answer would be, as C says, because:

"cattle represent the main item of wealth and cattle raising is, in fact, a fairly successful means of livelihood"

C would be an evidence from which the conclusion can be drawn or in other words, as the question asked, "a statements from which the above statement can be derived".
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29 Jun 2004, 06:09
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# Despite the tendency for agricultural farming to replace

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