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# Despite the tremendous technological advances

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Intern
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Re: Despite the tremendous technological advances  [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2018, 04:04
3) Which of the following is stated in the passage as Napoleon's goal in warfare?

A) obtaining wealth and power
B) surprising the enemy
C) destroying most of the enemy's troops
D) dominating all of continental Europe
E) maintaining the initiative

I chose ans E as that is explicitly mentioned in para 1. Please advise why this is incorrect?
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Re: Despite the tremendous technological advances  [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2018, 23:55
akshita957 wrote:
3) Which of the following is stated in the passage as Napoleon's goal in warfare?

A) obtaining wealth and power
B) surprising the enemy
C) destroying most of the enemy's troops
D) dominating all of continental Europe
E) maintaining the initiative

I chose ans E as that is explicitly mentioned in para 1. Please advise why this is incorrect?

(E) was the principle behind his tactics, not his goal.

Paragraph 1 mentions "His main objective was the complete destruction of the enemy’s main body. " and that is why (C) is the answer.
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Re: Despite the tremendous technological advances  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2018, 04:00
1
ShankSouljaBoi wrote:
Not able to figure out between A and B in 4. workout please guide

Hi ShankSouljaBoi,

B) show that Napoleon always operated on the basis of well-defined plans.

The passage says: "He achieved this feat in different ways according to the situation at hand." This means Napoleon had a plan before a battle but he adjusted the approach based on the situation. --> WRONG

A) show that, despite the variety of methods he used, Napoleon had a system underlying his decisions

The passage says: "... but the general principles behind his tactics were the same: keep the enemy at a disadvantage and maintain the initiative.". This means that although Napoleon acted based on the situation, he had principles - a system underlying the decisions.

Hope that you find it helpful!
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06 Oct 2018, 04:09
Susobhan wrote:
In question no 1 can anyone explain why not option c???

Hi Susobhan,

I chose C but when I read the OA, I understood. So let me help you.

1) Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's statement that Napoleon's tactics were based on INNOVATION and the element of SURPRISE?

Firstly, as for CR weaken question, please notice that what we need to weaken is the INNOVATION and SURPRISE of Napoleon's strategies.

C) Further studies of Napoleon's battle plans show that he always planned every attack carefully and never strayed from those plans during battle.
Even if Napoleon prepared a plan, that plan can be innovative with many surprising factors. --> CANNOT WEAKEN.
This option is a tricky one because it weakens another statement mentioned in the passage "He achieved this feat in different ways according to the situation at hand."

E) Battle plans of a British general were found showing a planned attack on Napoleon's troops using a strategy previously thought to be one of Napoleon's design.
It seems that Napoleon did not prepare the plans/strategies but learned from others. Then, his strategies were not innovative. --> WEAKEN
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16 Oct 2018, 21:54
In option E, mentioning about other armies is an aberration. As soon as I read the question, I thought if Napoleon's plans didn't have innovation or element of surprise, the characteristic of plans must be weakened. I think option is E is kind of far-fetched. What if British armies used these? How does it counter Napoleon's plans to lack innovation or element of surprise?
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24 Oct 2018, 17:59
workout wrote:
sandman13 wrote:
workout

I need your help with Q1

Quote:
1) Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's statement that Napoleon's tactics were based on innovation and the element of surprise?

A) Napoleon's enemies often used his attack patterns when fighting against him after their allies had been defeated by Napoleon using those same tactics.
B) Napoleon was eventually defeated by the unexpected attack of several armies of countries he had previously occupied.
C) Further studies of Napoleon's battle plans show that he always planned every attack carefully and never strayed from those plans during battle.
D) Memoirs of Napoleon's enemies often reported that Napoleon's troops were unpredictable in battle and performed new and unexpected feats.
E) Battle plans of a British general were found showing a planned attack on Napoleon's troops using a strategy previously thought to be one of Napoleon's design.

I chose choice A. My reasoning was as follows: if opponents were able to identify patterns, which were repetitive, we can say that the plans were not innovative?
Why exactly is A wrong?

sandman13

Here's what I think between options A and E. The question asks about "most weaken"

Option A states Napoleon's enemies used Napoleon's attack patterns after their allies had been defeated by Napoleon using those same tactics. So Napoleon introduced these tactics. At least at that time, they were innovative. Just because the enemies found some patterns, saying the tactics were not innovative is arguable.

Option E, on the other hand, shows a possibility that Napoleon copied the tactics from the battle plans of a British general. If Napoleon had copied the tactics, we can surely say there is zero innovation. Hence option E most weakens the author's statement.

Hi Workout,
The British may have used the Napolean's tactics after he had used them.
Option C clearly shows that there remained no element of surprise hence C weakens more than E.
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25 Oct 2018, 02:20
Question 1. I choose C - pls explain why is it wrong. I am still nt convenced with E. as its written - "thought to be" - its not certain they r his.
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20 Nov 2018, 22:43
Susobhan wrote:
In question no 1 can anyone explain why not option c???

workout : can you explain why C is incorrect in 1.
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21 Nov 2018, 07:44

Passage Map:

1) Study of Napolean's Tactics
2) Details about Tactical suprises
3) Another reason for success: How his army functioned?
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Re: Despite the tremendous technological advances  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2019, 07:37
can someone explain how did we infer self-sufficient?
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19 Mar 2019, 20:02
1) Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's statement that Napoleon's tactics were based on innovation and the element of surprise?

A) Napoleon's enemies often used his attack patterns when fighting against him after their allies had been defeated by Napoleon using those same tactics.
B) Napoleon was eventually defeated by the unexpected attack of several armies of countries he had previously occupied.
C) Further studies of Napoleon's battle plans show that he always planned every attack carefully and never strayed from those plans during battle.
D) Memoirs of Napoleon's enemies often reported that Napoleon's troops were unpredictable in battle and performed new and unexpected feats.
E) Battle plans of a British general were found showing a planned attack on Napoleon's troops using a strategy previously thought to be one of Napoleon's design.

I mean, I don't see how the answer is so clearly E). In fact, answer choice A) makes a very strong case for Question 1. Napoleon's tactics were innovative and had an element of surprise. Answer choice A says that "his enemies have seen their allies been defeated by these tactics". In fact, they often use his very attack patterns to fight against him. This shows that there are cases where the element of surprise is not there, therefore weakening the statement.

Answer choice E) is pretty luke-warm in the the sense that there could be a possibility that Napoleon copied this British General, but we really don't know for sure who created the tactics first. Even if Napoleon copied the British general, it could still be true that those tactics were based off innovation and the element of surprise.

2) What may be inferred about other armies during Napoleon's time from the tactics Napoleon used to fight against them?

A) They lacked resourceful and creative generals.
B) Their weaponry was not as effective as that of Napoleon.
C) They never defeated Napoleon.
D) They were not self sufficient.
E) They were no different in structure from Napoleon's armies.

The OA D) is out of scope. The question asked specifically about "Napoleon's tactics used to fight" against his enemies. Yes the final paragraph mentions his army living off the land, but this has nothing to do with the tactics used to fight his enemies (mentioned in the earlier paragraphs). Eliminate B & C as they are quite extreme. E can't be inferred with what is given. That leaves us with A). If Napoleon was able to outsmart his enemies and achieve great success using his fighting tactics, it is reasonable to infer that his enemies and other armies (at least those that lost) were unable to find away to outsmart him/dominate the way that he did. A finds a way to say that.

Can someone please break these questions down??
Despite the tremendous technological advances   [#permalink] 19 Mar 2019, 20:02

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# Despite the tremendous technological advances

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