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# Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or

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Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2011, 13:08
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54% (02:31) correct 46% (01:40) wrong based on 626 sessions

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Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that is needed to convert glucose into energy needed for daily life. Because ice cream commonly contains glucose in the form of sucrose, diabetics generally experience discomfort after consuming even a small serving of ice cream. However, since there are several ice cream companies who add sucrose to none of the ice cream they produce, diabetics are able to eat ice cream without experiencing discomfort due to glucose intolerance afterward.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) These ice cream companies have been able to duplicate the taste of sucrose derived from glucose by means that do not involve adding any potential substances that may be of discomfort to diabetics.

(B) Not all forms of glucose are equally likely to result in this discomfort.

(C) Ice cream is not the only food to which glucose is commonly added.

(D) Apart from glucose, there are no substances commonly present in ice cream that would cause discomfort to diabetics.

(E) Glucose is not naturally present in the ice cream produced by these ice cream companies in amounts large enough to cause discomfort to diabetics who eat this ice cream.

[Reveal] Spoiler: Knewton's OE
The assumption will link the evidence, that:

there are several ice cream companies who add sucrose to none of the ice cream they produce

to the conclusion, that:

Diabetics are able to eat ice cream without experiencing discomfort due to glucose intolerance.

Choice E identifies such a link. The argument assumes that diabetics will not experience intolerance due to glucose. Thus the argument assumes that there is no glucose in the ice cream. The only evidence for this is that these ice cream companies do not ADD sucrose to their ice cream; this assumes that there is no glucose NATURALLY present, glucose that would cause discomfort to diabetics.

Choice A is out of the scope of the argument; that the ice cream companies do not add sucrose to their ice cream is given as evidence. Whether or not they can duplicate the taste of sucrose does not matter.

Choices B, C, and D are irrelevant.

Choice B: the assumption must link adding a form of glucose not resulting in discomfort.

Choice C: we are only concerned with ice cream.

Choice D: the conclusion of the argument is only concerned with discomfort due to glucose intolerance; we are not concerned with discomfort due to other substances. If there were other substances that cause discomfort to diabetics, the argument's conclusion would not be affected.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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05 Jun 2011, 14:28
I think of A or E as assumption to this. But reading option A again and again makes me think that it is strong assumption than E.
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05 Jun 2011, 19:11
IMHO D.
Using the negation test - 'Apart from glucose, there ARE substances commonly present in ice cream that would cause discomfort to diabetics.' This would cause the conclusion - 'Diabetics are able to eat ice cream without experiencing discomfort due to glucose intolerance afterward' to fall.

Option E is tricky. If we negate E - 'Glucose IS naturally present in the ice cream produced by these companies in amounts large enough to cause discomfort' then the conclusion remains - Instead the negation suggests that diabetics are able eat icecream despite the presence of glucose!

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05 Jun 2011, 19:54
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I think it's E.

A - What if the diabetics are accustomed to non-sucrose taste ?

B - Irrelevant

C - Goes off the mark

D - Goes beyond scope, we're concerned with discomfort owing to glucose

E - Correct one, what if other/natural ingredients have a lot of glucose ? It's a defender assumption.
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05 Jun 2011, 22:09
+1 E

The author has to assume that there is not glucose in the ingrediets to produce ice cream.
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05 Jun 2011, 23:23
Reasoning gap in the argument regarding natural presence of glucose in the ice creams manufactured.Thus,requiring a supporting answer choice.

This has been rightly brought out by option E.
A taste is not the issue at hand here,hence POE'ed.
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19 Oct 2011, 23:00
E
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28 Oct 2011, 12:02
+1 for D ,

E says that GLUCOSE is not naturally present in the ice-cream. However, the issue arises when SUCROSE is added to the ice-cream .
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01 Nov 2011, 23:26
E
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02 Nov 2011, 10:37
E is a bit better.
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2012, 09:52
+1 E.
Used Negation
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2012, 10:21
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E, the author thinks that the only thing that causes discomfert is glucose. it is a defender argument, we need to defend it by eliminating anything that could possibly weaken the argument. if he thinks that glucose are naturally occuring in ice cream, he would not have asserted that diabetics can eat ice cream without worring
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2012, 10:54
Easy E
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2012, 09:56
A subject-verb changed question from OG

I go with E
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2012, 23:52
..............straight E
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 11:38
can neone explain..why not D??
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2012, 07:22
monikaleoster wrote:
can neone explain..why not D??

Both option D and E are very close. Even I had choosen option D first without reading option E. The deciding factor would be refer back to the passage. Passage constantly talks about Gulocose and option E has reference to Gulocose. In option D it talks about Diabetes from other components in the ice cream which does not find a reference in the passage.

let me know if you still have any questions.

Give Kudos if you liked my reply
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2012, 10:57
sanki779 wrote:
monikaleoster wrote:
can neone explain..why not D??

Both option D and E are very close. Even I had choosen option D first without reading option E. The deciding factor would be refer back to the passage. Passage constantly talks about Gulocose and option E has reference to Gulocose. In option D it talks about Diabetes from other components in the ice cream which does not find a reference in the passage.

let me know if you still have any questions.

Give Kudos if you liked my reply

Yes, I got your point But realised later one more strong point If sentence had been ended like "without experiencing discomfort" Then it would be difficult to choose betweed D/E but sentence is ending like " without experiencing discomfort due to glucose intolerance afterward." so This is making E as right choice.
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2014, 09:45
D and E are somewhat similar, but note that in D it is generalizing a bit too much. It is saying that there aren't other substances that can cause discomfort to diabetics, and here we are trying to refer only to those that cause glucose intolerance afterwards.

E is more precise and tells us that glucose is not naturally present in amounts large enough to cause discomfort to diabetics. If this statement is negated, it completely destroys the conclusion given. Hence E

Hope it clarifies
J
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Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2014, 09:48
jlgdr wrote:
D and E are somewhat similar, but note that in D it is generalizing a bit too much. It is saying that there aren't other substances that can cause discomfort to diabetics, and here we are trying to refer only to those that cause glucose intolerance afterwards.

E is more precise and tells us that glucose is not naturally present in amounts large enough to cause discomfort to diabetics. If this statement is negated, it completely destroys the conclusion given. Hence E

Hope it clarifies
J

HI

I have a query here

if we see its an cause and effect.

Glucose (cause)-------> (effect)Discomfort(Diabitic patient).

so for a right assumption there should be no alternate cause.

This is mentioned in D. if we negate statement D then it will shatter the conclusion.

Could you please clarify this. I stuck between D and E. and choose D

Thanks
Re: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2014, 09:48

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