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# Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation

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Director
Joined: 09 Mar 2018
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2018, 06:55
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

Subject -> Diabetes -> Singular

Remove the words between the 2 commas and then read it.

One will notice that a singular verb will follow singular subject, which is happening in two options a and c .

Now between 'a' and 'c', will it be surpassed only or only surpassed ??

Surpassed only in 'a' means that only two diseases will surpass diabetes, whereas in 'c' only surpassed means that there can be more diseases than the mentioned two.

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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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11 May 2019, 00:39
GMATNinja EMPOWERgmatVerbal DmitryFarber

ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassing only

Why is verb-ing modifier wrong here?
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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11 May 2019, 10:30
mallya12 wrote:
GMATNinja EMPOWERgmatVerbal DmitryFarber

ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassing only

Why is verb-ing modifier wrong here?
Thank You

It doesn't actually make sense, because diabetes isn't "surpassing" only the other two causes of death. Instead, diabetes is surpassed by those other two causes.

More importantly: that's not actually one of the answer choices! So why worry about it?
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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14 May 2019, 00:50
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer

(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

I understand why the official answer is correct in the question and dont have a problem is that.
However my question is regarding the usage of surpassed only and only surpassed.
As per the OG explanation , "Placed before surpassed , only would more ambiguously limit surpassed."
I am not able to understand this.
To give an example , is there any difference in the following two sentences.

1. Diabetes ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer.
2. Diabetes ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed by heart disease and cancer.

Kindly explain my doubt here !!!!

some verbs in english is considered LIGHT in that they need another action noun or verb to be complete semantically
there is
have
take
are the Light verb.

light verb "have" in choice C makes meaning unclear besides wordy. diabetes can have / own the rank . this is unclear meaning, a nature of light verb. choice C is gone
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2019, 23:02
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
Here "together with its serious complications"," ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death" and "surpassed only by heart disease and cancer" are modifying Diabetes. however, It is not a full sentence

for example :- George Bush, as well as Dick Cheney, are politicians ---- "are" is a linking verb used to make it a sentence .
:- George Bernard Shaw, as well as Mahatma Gandhi and River Phoenix, was a vegetarian-----"was"is a linking verb used to make it a sentence.

why there is no need of linking verb in this answer choice A) to make a complete sentence?

need help on this GMATNinja ChrisLele sayantanc2k EducationAisle
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2019, 04:50
1
Smitc007 wrote:
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer
Here "together with its serious complications"," ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death" and "surpassed only by heart disease and cancer" are modifying Diabetes. however, It is not a full sentence

for example :- George Bush, as well as Dick Cheney, are politicians ---- "are" is a linking verb used to make it a sentence .
:- George Bernard Shaw, as well as Mahatma Gandhi and River Phoenix, was a vegetarian-----"was"is a linking verb used to make it a sentence.

why there is no need of linking verb in this answer choice A) to make a complete sentence?

need help on this GMATNinja ChrisLele sayantanc2k EducationAisle
Hi Smitc007,

Yes, surpassed is a modifier, but ranks is a verb here:
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer.

For example, in "the GMAT ranks ahead of the GRE...", ranks is the verb for the GMAT. More examples:

The economy ranks second in the latest surveys on the issues voters care about the most.
The students ranked the companies.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2019, 05:07
1
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer

(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

The singular noun Diabetes requires singular verb form. In this consideration, options B, D and E will go off.

We can see an unnecessary wordy expression (has the rank of) in option C.

Putting the word ‘only’ before the word ‘surpassed’ distorts the intended meaning of the sentence. This error is prevalent in options B, C, and E.

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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2020, 03:16
Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer

(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

I understand why the official answer is correct in the question and dont have a problem is that.
However my question is regarding the usage of surpassed only and only surpassed.
As per the OG explanation , "Placed before surpassed , only would more ambiguously limit surpassed."
I am not able to understand this.
To give an example , is there any difference in the following two sentences.

1. Diabetes ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer.
2. Diabetes ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed by heart disease and cancer.

Kindly explain my doubt here !!!!

(a) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only - Correct
(b) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed - Wrong: 1) SV 2) Modifier
(c) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed - Wrong: 1) Modifier 2) Wordy
(d) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only - Wrong: 1) 2 SV Issues
(e) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed - Wrong: 1) 2 SV Issues 2) Meaning
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2020, 18:37
Take a moment to truly absorb the usage of ONLY.
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Re: Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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13 May 2020, 19:54
@sayantan2k daagh AjiteshArun generis GMATNinja egmat VeritasKarishma

What is 'surpassed' modifying here?

Since it should modify noun phrase it touches, it should be modifying 'cause of death'

And since

Cause of death = diabetes

Therefore surpassed is modifying diabetes right?

Can someone confirm?

Thanks!

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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation  [#permalink]

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13 May 2020, 23:48
1
Top Contributor
Although generally the past participle words such as surpassed (with or without a comma before) are supposed to logically modify the subject, normally GMAT has taken a technical stand that the 'ed' modifiers should only modify the noun or the noun phrase before. The reason for this weird logic is best known only to GMAT. In addition, in the Diabetes case, the word 'surpassed' has to jump over a verb to find its match Diabetes, which is a foul.

Therefore none of the choices is correct if one were to reason that 'surpassed' modifies the subject Diabetes. The take away is that GMAT urges us not to be fastidious about the modifier aspect of past participle modifiers.

My stand is that we shouldn’t unnecessarily get bogged down by something that GMAT itself does not care much about by putting the controversial point under the non-underlined part.

This question can be tacked by just the underlined part under the SV number agreements and the use of the limiting modifier ‘only’ and its scope of modification.
This is a rare case, where meaning analysis actually leads people astray.
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Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation   [#permalink] 13 May 2020, 23:48

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