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# Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are

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Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
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Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2007, 09:03
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56% (01:01) correct 44% (00:58) wrong based on 403 sessions

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245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has
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20 Apr 2010, 18:04
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Hey All,

Lots of conversation around this one, but it doesn't look like anyone's taken it apart piece by piece. Let's do that.

This is a tough question, because it is masquerading as a comparison question. I saw a lot of people mention comparison here, and there absolutely is one. However, none of them really compare the way I (and probably you) would like to see it, "Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over those paid in occupations that are predominantly female..." Then we would get the comparison we want. But none of the answers do it, so comparison must not be the issue here. In reality, it's much simpler: this is a straight-forward subject-verb agreement question.

The two important splits are paid/favors, and have/has at the end.

Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
PROBLEM: The subject of "have" is "discrimination", which is singular, so we need "has". How do we know it's "discrimination", and not "wages" or "occupations"? Well, if you'd read the MGMAT Sentence Correction guide, you'd know! : ) The subject of a sentence will never be within a prepositional phrase. "in wages paid" is prepositional, as is "in occupations". This means "discrimination" is our subject, which is singular.

(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
PROBLEM: same as above.

(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
PROBLEM: Because "that" is a relative pronoun, we know that this phrase modifies "wages". This means "wages" must be the subject of "favors", so it should be "favor".

(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
PROBLEM: Same as above.

(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has

That's a rough one. Hope that helps!

-tommy
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##### General Discussion
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
Posts: 416
Location: united states

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12 Jul 2007, 09:30
sidbidus wrote:
245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has

discripency in SVA leaves D and E.
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12 Jul 2007, 11:49
D here for me. Discrimination is singular. those is required as we are talking wages in occupations
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Nov 2006
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12 Jul 2007, 12:13
My vote for D as well b/c of the reasons provided above.
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
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12 Jul 2007, 12:21
Discrimination is singular. So, D and E.

I go with D.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2007
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12 Jul 2007, 19:54
go to with D. Due to SVA error and "paid in" does not sound good.
Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
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12 Jul 2007, 20:09
shoonya wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has

discripency in SVA leaves D and E.

join E for subject verb agreement.

"discrimination" is a singular subject so it needs a singular verb "has". D is not clear about the female occupations.
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13 Jul 2007, 11:42
1
D it is.
E incorrectly compares male occupations with predominantly females and not occupations with occupations.
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25 Aug 2009, 06:17
sidbidus wrote:
245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has

"Discrimination in wages that favors" is wrong as it is not the Discrimination that favors. "E" is the correct answer.
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20 Apr 2010, 12:50
E is wrong comparison. B seems to be correct.
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20 Apr 2010, 12:55
Also I think the subject here is "wages" and not "discrimination", so it needs a "have" and not "has".
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20 Apr 2010, 23:55
Hi Tommy

Is it correct that "predominantly male occupations" is compared with the "predominantly female" and not of predominantly female occupation??
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21 Apr 2010, 07:23
damn I missed connecting 'wages' to 'that favors'. If I had ruled this out, only E would be left.
Thanks Tommy.
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21 Apr 2010, 18:36
Hey Tommy, that was a very good explanation. However, I have question regarding the comparison done in option (E). Is the option (E) not comparing "predominantly male occupations" with "predominantly female" which does not seem right to me? And this comparison is correct in (D).

Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has
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22 Apr 2010, 17:41
Hey All,

So a few more questions about the notion of comparison. Perhaps I was a bit hasty to write off comparisons entirely here (though you can answer the question more directly as subject-verb agreement. Let's take a look at the comparisons.

245. Discrimination in wages paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have given rise to substantial differentials between the wage of housepainters and secretaries and between the wages of parking-lot attendants and library assistants.

(A) paid in occupations that are predominantly male over the predominantly female have
COMPARISON: We would want to compare "predominantly male occupations" to "the predominantly female". The fact that this sentence breaks up that first element into "occupations that are predominantly male" is pretty ugly. We would rather have two nouns, not a noun and a clause.

(B) paid in occupations that are predominantly make over those that are predominantly female have
COMPARISON: This is a nice comparison "occupations that are predominantly male", "those that are predominantly female".

(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
COMPARISON: This is okay, too. "predominantly male occupations" "the predominantly female ["occupations" understood]"

(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
COMPARISON: This gives us a noun and a clause again, just like A.

(E) paid in predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female has
COMPARISON: Looks good, just like C.

Hope that helps!

-tommy
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19 Jul 2010, 09:52
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

(C) that favors predominantly male occupations over the predominantly female have
PROBLEM: Because "that" is a relative pronoun, we know that this phrase modifies "wages". This means "wages" must be the subject of "favors", so it should be "favor".

(D) that favors predominantly male occupations over those that are predominantly female has
PROBLEM: Same as above.

-tommy

Discrimination in wages that...

As per my understanding, that is a relative pronoun that modifies the antecedent noun. However, in a prepositional phrase, such as "Discrimination in wages", it does modify the subject: in this case, "Discrimination".

The same happens with "which", which not always modify the noun before the comma.

Could you clarify this point?

Many thanks.
Your explanations are always tons of light.
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19 Jul 2010, 10:11
Hey Noboru,

You're absolutely right on this front. Though I would argue that there's still a lack of clarity over which one is being modified (an issue that E resolves by removing the relative pronoun entirely), logic DOES tell us it must be discrimination, not wages. Luckily, C still has the verb error at the end of the sentence, so we don't have to make a decision on this alone.

Hope that makes sense. Occasionally relative pronouns DO have to modify something they don't touch (something that ALREADY has a modifier, so it's impossible for both modifiers to touch...in this case, the other modifier is "in wages"), but if you can avoid it, do so. : )

-t
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19 Jul 2010, 12:28
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TommyWallach wrote:
Hey Noboru,

You're absolutely right on this front. Though I would argue that there's still a lack of clarity over which one is being modified (an issue that E resolves by removing the relative pronoun entirely), logic DOES tell us it must be discrimination, not wages. Luckily, C still has the verb error at the end of the sentence, so we don't have to make a decision on this alone.

Hope that makes sense. Occasionally relative pronouns DO have to modify something they don't touch (something that ALREADY has a modifier, so it's impossible for both modifiers to touch...in this case, the other modifier is "in wages"), but if you can avoid it, do so. : )

-t

Yes, for me it makes sense.

Here is another one. It has already been discussed here: sc-dr-sayre-s-lecture-48411.html but some issues are still there.

For me, "that" modifies episodes, which is plural, so it must be "illustrate". Between C and D, I prefer C, although I would prefer "among" rather than "between".

Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the relations between nations that illustrates what is wrong with alliances and treaties that do not have popular support.

(A) relations between nations that illustrates
(B) relation of one nation with another that illustrates
(C) relations between nations that illustrate
(D) relation of one nation with another and illustrate
(E) relations of nations that illustrates

Later on I will post the OA.
Many thanks.
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19 Jul 2010, 13:39
Another example:

Does it happen the same with "who"?

The percentage of high school graduates in the United States who go on to college is fifty-two, compared with Canada’s thirty-five percent, Great Britain’s fifteen, Japan’s fifteen, and West Germany’s fifteen.

"who go on to college" is modifying US or graduates?
Thanks,
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Re: SC - Wages &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jul 2010, 13:39

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