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Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on

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Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2016, 15:58
ankur55 wrote:
Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether the Earth would warm and by how much, but climatologists have indicated all along that the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess.

A. the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess

E. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, which are the most obvious effects, are those to impact the most on people


I found this convincing explanation in another forum

E.
Quote:
... are those to ....

no clear referent

E.
Quote:
... to impact the most on people

akward

E.
Quote:
, which are the most obvious effects,

set the part as non-essential when it is actually essential in the stem

I also add that there is a clear shift in voice here from would be to are
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2016, 20:35
ankur55 wrote:
Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether the Earth would warm and by how much, but climatologists have indicated all along that the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess.

A. the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess
B. the effects that are the most obvious ones, extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, would be those impacting the most on people
C. those effects to have the largest impact on people, extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, are what are the most obvious effects
D. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, the most obvious effects, that they would have the largest impact on people
E. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, which are the most obvious effects, are those to impact the most on people


This is my analysis
A. this alternative sounds good, It could be consider a posible answer
B. the function of "extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess," is not clear. It is a noun phrase but does not have a function
C. The same problem as B
D.The conector ", " that join "storminess, the most" create a run on sentence
E. the use of "the most on people' is wrong, The correct for of superlative is "The most + noun/noun phrase".

Other alternative to be considered is evaluate the structure the superlative 'The most" that need a noun/noun phrase.
With this analysis B and E are out.
D is a run on sentence
C presents a noun phrase "extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess" that does not have function.
A is the best
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2016, 01:28
falvino wrote:
ankur55 wrote:
Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether the Earth would warm and by how much, but climatologists have indicated all along that the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess.

A. the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess
B. the effects that are the most obvious ones, extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, would be those impacting the most on people
C. those effects to have the largest impact on people, extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, are what are the most obvious effects
D. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, the most obvious effects, that they would have the largest impact on people
E. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, which are the most obvious effects, are those to impact the most on people


This is my analysis
A. this alternative sounds good, It could be consider a posible answer
B. the function of "extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess," is not clear. It is a noun phrase but does not have a function
C. The same problem as B
D.The conector ", " that join "storminess, the most" create a run on sentence
E. the use of "the most on people' is wrong, The correct for of superlative is "The most + noun/noun phrase".

Other alternative to be considered is evaluate the structure the superlative 'The most" that need a noun/noun phrase.
With this analysis B and E are out.
D is a run on sentence
C presents a noun phrase "extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess" that does not have function.
A is the best


Option B:

The phrase "extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess," is an appositive used as a non-essential modifier to refer to "effects". The problem with option B is the faulty use of pronoun "those" - "those" is used to create a new copy of the noun it refers: The cars you have is bigger than those I have. "Those" does not refer to the same cars, but different ones (the ones that I own). However in option B "those" is used to refer to the same effects, not different ones. Hence B is wrong. The correct pronoun should be "the ones" instead of "those".

Another problem with option B is that "effects that are the most obvious ones" is wordy - better is "most obvious effects".
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 01:43
Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether the
Earth would warm and by how much, but climatologists have indicated all
along that the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest
impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation,
and storminess.
A. the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest
impact on people, would be extremes of temperature,
precipitation, and storminess
B. the effects that are the most obvious ones, extremes of temperature,
precipitation, and storminess, would be those impacting
the most on people
C. those effects to have the largest impact on people, extremes of
temperature, precipitation, and storminess, are what are the
most obvious effects
D. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, the most
obvious effects, that they would have the largest impact on people
E. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, which are
the most obvious effects, are those to impact the most on people
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 06:44
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 06:46
sayantanc2k wrote:
falvino wrote:
ankur55 wrote:
Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether the Earth would warm and by how much, but climatologists have indicated all along that the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess.

A. the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess
B. the effects that are the most obvious ones, extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, would be those impacting the most on people
C. those effects to have the largest impact on people, extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, are what are the most obvious effects
D. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, the most obvious effects, that they would have the largest impact on people
E. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, which are the most obvious effects, are those to impact the most on people


This is my analysis
A. this alternative sounds good, It could be consider a posible answer
B. the function of "extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess," is not clear. It is a noun phrase but does not have a function
C. The same problem as B
D.The conector ", " that join "storminess, the most" create a run on sentence
E. the use of "the most on people' is wrong, The correct for of superlative is "The most + noun/noun phrase".

Other alternative to be considered is evaluate the structure the superlative 'The most" that need a noun/noun phrase.
With this analysis B and E are out.
D is a run on sentence
C presents a noun phrase "extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess" that does not have function.
A is the best


Option B:

The phrase "extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess," is an appositive used as a non-essential modifier to refer to "effects". The problem with option B is the faulty use of pronoun "those" - "those" is used to create a new copy of the noun it refers: The cars you have is bigger than those I have. "Those" does not refer to the same cars, but different ones (the ones that I own). However in option B "those" is used to refer to the same effects, not different ones. Hence B is wrong. The correct pronoun should be "the ones" instead of "those".

Another problem with option B is that "effects that are the most obvious ones" is wordy - better is "most obvious effects".


Sayantan, how does the "...and those" not create a meaning issue in the AC A? It looks like "and those" is referring to something other than effects; for the absolute phrase to be correct, there should have been no "and" before "those", simply "those that would have the largest impact on people..."

Please share your thoughts and correct me if Im wrong.
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 06:54
Hi guys,

I have no idea how to tackle this question.
The comma before and really confuse me.

Can anyone please help me on why comma is there before "and".

Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether the Earth would warm and by how much, but climatologists have indicated all along that the most obvious effects
(why do we need comma here -->) ,and those that would have the largest impact on people,
would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess.

Thank you!
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 07:03
sobhark wrote:
Hi guys,

I have no idea how to tackle this question.
The comma before and really confuse me.

Can anyone please help me on why comma is there before "and".

Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether the Earth would warm and by how much, but climatologists have indicated all along that the most obvious effects
(why do we need comma here -->) ,and those that would have the largest impact on people,
would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess.

Thank you!

Hi Sobhark


The part before and after the comma are Independent Clauses. To join two Independent Clauses you need a comma+conjunction+subject. (Concept of FANBOYS)

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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 21:13
Can someone explain how is option A parallel?

Climatologists have indicated all along that the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 22:29
The answer is A
Split 1 We need compound subject
Split 2 Temperature, precipitation and storminess are effects and they themselves do not cause any effects .
B meaning error and it is a fragment.
C meaning error and wordy
D we need and , there is no distinction between the most obvious effects and largest impact
E we need and

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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 17:33
Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether the Earth would warm and by how much, but climatologists have indicated all along that the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess.

A. the most obvious effects, and those that would have the largest impact on people, would be extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess
B. the effects that are the most obvious ones, extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, would be those impacting the most on people
--> ones stands for effects --> the effects that are the most obvious effects --> awkward
C. those effects to have the largest impact on people, extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, are what are the most obvious effects
D. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, the most obvious effects, that they would have the largest impact on people
E. extremes of temperature, precipitation, and storminess, which are the most obvious effects, are those to impact the most on people
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Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2017, 12:39
hey. in answer E - why is the use of "which" wrong?
can someone please explain?
Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on   [#permalink] 22 Oct 2017, 12:39

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