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Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi

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Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2017, 01:01
daagh wrote:
Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possibility of Earth growing warmer and to what extent it might, but climatologists have indicated all along that precipitation, storminess, and temperature extremes are likely to have the greatest impact on people.

(A) Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possibility of Earth growing warmer and to what extent it might,

(B) Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually had as its focus whether Earth would get warmer and what the extent would be,

(C) Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether Earth would grow warmer and to what extent,

(D) The discussion of greenhouse effects have usually focused on the possibility of Earth getting warmer and to what extent it might,

(E) The discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether Earth would grow warmer and the extent that is,



To whomever, it may suit ( especially the newly initiated))

I don't say it is a magic wand nor is it universally applicable; yet at times of doubt, while dealing with complex issues, you might be lucky to spot a few established customs to narrow down perhaps to almost the correct choice. After all, one percent wrong is 100 percent wrong in GMAT and we must be astute enough to spot those silly peccadilloes to eliminate a good chunk of incorrect choices. For example, in this given case, we can in one shot kick out choices A and D, for missing the number agreement. We might also dump B as per Verb -Adjective - Noun (VAN) rule.
Between C and E, the use of the definite article 'the' to denote a broad, perpetual and usual discussion is erroneous as per established norms. E misleadingly suggests that we are referring to a particular discussion. Therefore, C is the most likely choice, even if you are not clear which is the more parallel between C and E.

Let me caution you again that this knack goes with the usual disclaimers.


Thanks daagh for hinting about "The" in D&E, it confused me actually, I first split on the presence of "the" then on the SVA .. and my choice was E at first, however I realized that it was wordy and awkward at the end "and the extent that is" and I revised it to choose C, but this had cost me time ...you made it clear thx again.

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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 23:59
Please explain why choice C is correct
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 10:00
Saumya2403 wrote:
Please explain why choice C is correct

Dear Saumya2403,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, I am going to chide you. What you have asked here is a low quality question. Think about it: how much time and effort did you put into formulating your question? From the appearance, it looks as if you just typed it quickly and hit enter, with a minimum of engagement. I am sorry to tell you this, my friend, but you really are going to learn very little from this approach.

You see, it's a misunderstanding of many students that education is something that teachers and test experts "do" to a student, and the student is simply the passive recipient. In fact, you are 100% responsible for every aspect of your education. Education is something you do to yourself, by yourself, and for yourself, and we teachers & test prep experts can only help you. Some of the biggest determinations of how much you ultimately will learn are your commitment and determination. Are you really showing up for yourself? Do you really believe in your own possibility of success? Are you willing to engage with tremendous effort in order to bring forth your best possibilities.

If you want excellent results, you need to practice the habits of excellence. One of these is the habit of formulating excellent questions. See this blog article.
Asking Excellent Questions

Here's my challenge to you. Read that blog very carefully, and then come back her, study all the entries on this thread, and if you still don't understand why (C) is correct, formulate the highest quality question you can. If you do that, I will be more than happy to answer it.

Remember, my friend: how you do anything is how you do everything.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2018, 07:44
Could some please give a detailed explanation why option "b" is wrong, I am not able to understand.
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2018, 09:58
thanhmaitran wrote:
Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possibility of Earth growing warmer and to what extent it might, but climatologists have indicated all along that precipitation, storminess, and temperature extremes are likely to have the greatest impact on people.


(A) Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possibility of Earth growing warmer and to what extent it might,

(B) Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually had as its focus whether Earth would get warmer and what the extent would be,

(C) Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether Earth would grow warmer and to what extent,

(D) The discussion of greenhouse effects have usually focused on the possibility of Earth getting warmer and to what extent it might,

(E) The discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether Earth would grow warmer and the extent that is,

(C)
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2018, 13:53
yash321 wrote:
Could some please give a detailed explanation why option "b" is wrong, I am not able to understand.




Hello yash321,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Following are errors in Choice B:


1. Meaning Error: It is not very clear what the extent actually corresponds/refers to. extent usually corresponds to something to convey the complete meaning. (the extent of something).

The extent of damage to buildings due to the earthquake is still unknown. (Correct)
The earthquake damaged a lot of buildings, but the extent is unknown. (Incorrect)


2. Idiom Error: The current construction requires a noun to follow the word focus.

Michael has usually maintained personal growth as his focus. (Correct)
Michael has usually maintained as his focus personal growth. (Rephrase: Correct)
Michael has usually maintained as his focus how to improve his personal growth. (Clause: Incorrect)


Similarly, in this sentence, the usage of the clause whether Earth would get… after focus is grammatically incorrect.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 02:02
thanhmaitran wrote:
Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possibility of Earth growing warmer and to what extent it might, but climatologists have indicated all along that precipitation, storminess, and temperature extremes are likely to have the greatest impact on people.

(A) Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possibility of Earth growing warmer and to what extent it might, - Here "Discussion..." is singular and it needs a singular verb instead of plural "have" + the usage of past participle "had" is redundant as it is used to express an event that has happened before another event from past (i.e to show sequence of events). But in this case, there is no sequencing required.

(B) Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually had as its focus whether Earth would get warmer and what the extent would be, - Focus should be followed by "on". Here, " focus whether ... " is not clear.

(C) Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether Earth would grow warmer and to what extent, _ correct use of "has" (singular entity) and correct usage of "focused on"

(D) The discussion of greenhouse effects have usually focused on the possibility of Earth getting warmer and to what extent it might, - Have is problematic and the ending is not meaningful

(E) The discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether Earth would grow warmer and the extent that is,
- "Earth would grow warmer and the extent that is.." would and is usage is incorrect.
Re: Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possi   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2018, 02:02

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