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# Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2013, 18:23
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2013, 18:28
my answer is D
C is incorrect

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2013, 00:09
D for me.

Statement: More chances of getting the wrist problem by playing video games than by not playing these games.
Conclusion: Prohibiting sale of video games to minors would curb this problem !

Gap: If minors somehow got others to buy these games for them, prohibition of sale to minors would not curb the problem

1]The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors. Doesn't matter . Nobody is questioning the vote.

2]Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome. Already stated in argument. It says more chances for ppl who play than those who do not play. Incorrect.

3]Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome. Not mentioned in argument. Irrelevant .

4]Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children. Minors will be prohibited from buying. Parents would refuse. Hence problem solved!

5]The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
Out of scope!

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2013, 07:14
A) The conclu is about the legislation's effect, not how it could be supported by legislators.
B) Negate the stat: all who play games regularly suffer from the syndrome: doesn't attack the conclu's validity => not an assumption
C) No need to be the only way: if playing games is among the major causes of the syndrome, the doctor's conclu is significant
D) Correct: prohibiting the sales to minors doesn't mean the minors wouldn't have games to play, because their parents might buy for them. Choice d eliminates this possibility.
E) Out of scope: other aspects of playing games such as its beneficial effects are irrelevant.

Choose D

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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13 May 2014, 17:21
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
KanupriyaS wrote:
i thought it to be a clear C

why can't it be C?

Note that the conclusion says "Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents"

The conclusion says that it will help control the occurrence of carpal tunnel. It doesn't say that it will eradicate the condition. If a problem can happen in 3 ways and if you take care of one, you can certainly HELP CURB the problem. It may not eradicate the problem completely but it can definitely help reduce the occurence.
So we don't need to assume that carpal tunnel doesn't happen any other way to make our conclusion true. Therefore, C is not correct.

Take another example:

Me: I get frequent heartburns.
You: Avoid cooking fried foods at home. That would help control the problem.

Your opinion is that if fried food are not cooked at home, the heartburn problem will be controlled. What are you assuming? That I will not go outside/order in fried foods on a regular basis. You are not assuming that there is no other way in which I could get heartburn. Smoking, eating large meals etc can also cause heartburn. But you are addressing one cause, perhaps the main one - we don't know - and you are saying that taking care of this cause will help control the problem. That is perfectly valid, isn't it? You don't need to assume that other causes are not there.

Hi Karishma,

To echo the question - the Powerscore CR Bible states that for assumption questions -- the author assumes that the assumption is the ONLY way something happens. So doesn't C tackle that direct statement? Doesn't C basically cut the statement's feet before anything can be inferred?

Thanks!

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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14 May 2014, 01:47
russ9 wrote:

Hi Karishma,

To echo the question - the Powerscore CR Bible states that for assumption questions -- the author assumes that the assumption is the ONLY way something happens. So doesn't C tackle that direct statement? Doesn't C basically cut the statement's feet before anything can be inferred?

Thanks!

I am not sure what your doubt is exactly but (C) is not correct because we don't need to assume that there is no other way in which someone could get carpal tunnel. As I said before - the conclusion clearly states "help curb". It does not say "eliminate". So if we are addressing one cause, it certainly helps curb.
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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 09:32
Still another doubt with D , please explain this..

Lets Negate D

Most parents would NOT refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

What if I go with this thinking ....

Even if parents would NOT refuse to purchase video games and infact buy the video games for their child , Still there are chances that adolescent themself or their siblings might stop the adolescent to play video game hearing the ban.

Now though D is negated still conclusion does not breaks apart. ie Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games is still helping minors to curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2014, 23:07
The point to note is Federal Legislation cubing the sale of video games to "MINORS" would solve the problem .. So they r assuming if sale to minors is prohibited then majors also will not go and buy. Hence the minors will not have a chance to use majors to buy the vid games and play them . thereby reducing the prob of carpel syndrome.

Hope this clears the air of doubt surrounding the answer choices
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 21:35
naval.sheth@gmail.com wrote:
Still another doubt with D , please explain this..

Lets Negate D

Most parents would NOT refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

What if I go with this thinking ....

Even if parents would NOT refuse to purchase video games and infact buy the video games for their child , Still there are chances that adolescent themself or their siblings might stop the adolescent to play video game hearing the ban.

Now though D is negated still conclusion does not breaks apart. ie Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games is still helping minors to curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2014, 07:03
D is the correct answer.The whole point of assumption is to find a hidden statement on which the argument rests.The assumption is that statement which will help strengthen or weaken or an argument.It is the statement on which we cab debate.
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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2014, 00:25
Can anyone explain this question by negating each and every option.I am confused,Even i have done the negation and I thought my answer is either A or E.

A, Negate_ If the federal will not vote>>Not Prohibited to buy games>>then more effect adolescents, Fails the conclusion.
D,]Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.( Actual)
D Negate_ No Parents will refuse to buy>> kids will buy and play>>Once Prohibited to buy>>then helpful for kids.

Is My D , A negation analysis is Right!! I think i am confused
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2014, 21:29
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2014, 23:48
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the conclusion is that the federal legislation can prohibit the sale to minors. The assumption is that if the federal legislation prohibits the parents will refuse to purchase.

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2014, 00:24
As the author says that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Which means that it is not necessary that all adolescents who play video games develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Sure shot OA is B.
D is out of context in relation to the stimulus.

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2015, 08:01
Initially, I also selected C. But after a second thought, D makes more sense for following reason:

The legislation does not care in which other ways can one develop the wrist problem. The purpose of the legislation is to reduce the wrist problem due to video games, which IS one of the causes. Hence, a legislation will discourage parents from buying the video games for their kids i.e. ANSWER D

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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07 May 2015, 04:17
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

I'm happy to help out on one of our questions!

The important thing with this question, as with the majority of CR questions, is to focus on the EXACT wording of the conclusion. In this case, we can paraphrase to say "Federal legislation that you can't sell games to minors will HELP PREVENT kids from getting carpal tunnel."

Now, let's go through the ACs.

A. The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
-- The question isn't whether or not the legislation will pass, but what would happen if it did.

B. Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
--This isn't the point either. We want to totally keep kids from getting carpal tunnel, so that only applies to the ones that do get it.

C.Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
--This isn't the issue either. We never said we would stop all cases of carpal tunnel, but only that we would "curb" it.

D.Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
--Aha. Now we have a problem. If parents just go out and buy the games for their kids (because only minors were prevented from purchasing it in the legislation), then nothing is going to change.

E. The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
--The question isn't about whether video games are bad or good. The question is whether or not we can keep them from causing carpal tunnel.

The correct answer here is D.

Hope that helps!

Tommy Wallach

Hi,

Can you please clarify as to how the parents would refuse to purchase video games when the conclusion claims that the legislation will prohibit the sale of video games?

Regards,
Dominic

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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08 May 2015, 09:16
donisback wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

Adolescents playing video games has risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome = 3 ( Adolescents who do not play video games )

Now, a little bit of mathematics here ( Coz , I love it )

Red part is the determining factor here , if it is 0 then the Blue part will be zero ad that would mean - Adolescents playing video games has risk has the same risk as Adolescents who do not play video games.

So , there must be some +ve value for the red highlighted part ( Risk of carpal tunnel syndrome in Adolescents who do not play video games )

We can safely conclude that carpal tunnel syndrome occurs in Adolescents who do not play video games but chances are less in comparison with those playing video games.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.

Whats the use of Legislation/Bill - The problem exists and the doctor's assumption is not based on who votes for a Bill.

B. Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.

Not all - Some ( who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome ) definitely suffers , that's enough for us - We are not considering all adolescents playing video games will develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

C.Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

There might be some other ways as well ( Which we are unaware of , at least currently)

D.Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

Surely they will do so , who will like their children to suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.

E. The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

This is leading to something else ( tried to board an aircraft instead boarded an airship )

Only (D) & (B) looks promising.

Consider something different , What might have forced the doctor to bring so much survey and evidence ? Why is this whole thing discussed ?

(B) - Is it because some adolescents playing video games on regular basis and yet not developing carpal tunnel syndrome.

Or

(D) - Why most parents are refusing to purchase video games for their adolescent children ?

(D) looks best hence D seems the best answer...
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2015, 20:41
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2015, 04:19
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
KanupriyaS wrote:
i thought it to be a clear C

why can't it be C?

Note that the conclusion says "Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents"

The conclusion says that it will help control the occurrence of carpal tunnel. It doesn't say that it will eradicate the condition. If a problem can happen in 3 ways and if you take care of one, you can certainly HELP CURB the problem. It may not eradicate the problem completely but it can definitely help reduce the occurence.
So we don't need to assume that carpal tunnel doesn't happen any other way to make our conclusion true. Therefore, C is not correct.

Take another example:

Me: I get frequent heartburns.
You: Avoid cooking fried foods at home. That would help control the problem.

Your opinion is that if fried food are not cooked at home, the heartburn problem will be controlled. What are you assuming? That I will not go outside/order in fried foods on a regular basis. You are not assuming that there is no other way in which I could get heartburn. Smoking, eating large meals etc can also cause heartburn. But you are addressing one cause, perhaps the main one - we don't know - and you are saying that taking care of this cause will help control the problem. That is perfectly valid, isn't it? You don't need to assume that other causes are not there.

Hi Karishma,

Im trying to related this with the cause n effect question ? and assuming an alternate cause to be the correct answer choice.

Taking your example only ,

Avoid eating fried food to help to control heartburn problem.

So if there is any other food item that leads to heartburn problem. (alternate cause, should be correct choice/as it breaks down or weakens are conclusion.?

Or Is it the possible alternate cause (weakner) is not a potential assumption . These two are different thing?

If the question was to find a possible weakener then alternate cause could be the correct answer?

Can you correct my line of thoughts.

Regards

Nitin Singh

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2015, 19:46
D.
Why?
Adolscents who play V/G develop synd.
So why does the law prohibit VG to minors?
Maybe, minors who play VG develop into adulsent who play VG.
Or parents do not give VG to adsc. but they give to minors. So no need to prohibit VG to adols. coz their parents already do not give VG to them.

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2015, 19:46

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