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# Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games

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Senior Manager
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12 Sep 2014, 00:25
Can anyone explain this question by negating each and every option.I am confused,Even i have done the negation and I thought my answer is either A or E.

A, Negate_ If the federal will not vote>>Not Prohibited to buy games>>then more effect adolescents, Fails the conclusion.
D,]Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.( Actual)

Is My D , A negation analysis is Right!! I think i am confused
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25 Oct 2014, 23:48
the conclusion is that the federal legislation can prohibit the sale to minors. The assumption is that if the federal legislation prohibits the parents will refuse to purchase.
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29 Oct 2014, 00:24
As the author says that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Which means that it is not necessary that all adolescents who play video games develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Sure shot OA is B.
D is out of context in relation to the stimulus.
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16 Jan 2015, 08:01
Initially, I also selected C. But after a second thought, D makes more sense for following reason:

The legislation does not care in which other ways can one develop the wrist problem. The purpose of the legislation is to reduce the wrist problem due to video games, which IS one of the causes. Hence, a legislation will discourage parents from buying the video games for their kids i.e. ANSWER D
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07 May 2015, 04:17
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

I'm happy to help out on one of our questions!

The important thing with this question, as with the majority of CR questions, is to focus on the EXACT wording of the conclusion. In this case, we can paraphrase to say "Federal legislation that you can't sell games to minors will HELP PREVENT kids from getting carpal tunnel."

Now, let's go through the ACs.

A. The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
-- The question isn't whether or not the legislation will pass, but what would happen if it did.

B. Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
--This isn't the point either. We want to totally keep kids from getting carpal tunnel, so that only applies to the ones that do get it.

C.Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
--This isn't the issue either. We never said we would stop all cases of carpal tunnel, but only that we would "curb" it.

D.Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
--Aha. Now we have a problem. If parents just go out and buy the games for their kids (because only minors were prevented from purchasing it in the legislation), then nothing is going to change.

E. The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
--The question isn't about whether video games are bad or good. The question is whether or not we can keep them from causing carpal tunnel.

The correct answer here is D.

Hope that helps!

Tommy Wallach

Hi,

Can you please clarify as to how the parents would refuse to purchase video games when the conclusion claims that the legislation will prohibit the sale of video games?

Regards,
Dominic
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08 May 2015, 09:16
donisback wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

Adolescents playing video games has risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome = 3 ( Adolescents who do not play video games )

Now, a little bit of mathematics here ( Coz , I love it )

Red part is the determining factor here , if it is 0 then the Blue part will be zero ad that would mean - Adolescents playing video games has risk has the same risk as Adolescents who do not play video games.

So , there must be some +ve value for the red highlighted part ( Risk of carpal tunnel syndrome in Adolescents who do not play video games )

We can safely conclude that carpal tunnel syndrome occurs in Adolescents who do not play video games but chances are less in comparison with those playing video games.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.

Whats the use of Legislation/Bill - The problem exists and the doctor's assumption is not based on who votes for a Bill.

B. Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.

Not all - Some ( who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome ) definitely suffers , that's enough for us - We are not considering all adolescents playing video games will develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

C.Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

There might be some other ways as well ( Which we are unaware of , at least currently)

D.Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

Surely they will do so , who will like their children to suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.

E. The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

This is leading to something else ( tried to board an aircraft instead boarded an airship )

Only (D) & (B) looks promising.

Consider something different , What might have forced the doctor to bring so much survey and evidence ? Why is this whole thing discussed ?

(B) - Is it because some adolescents playing video games on regular basis and yet not developing carpal tunnel syndrome.

Or

(D) - Why most parents are refusing to purchase video games for their adolescent children ?

(D) looks best hence D seems the best answer...
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12 Sep 2015, 04:19
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
KanupriyaS wrote:
i thought it to be a clear C

why can't it be C?

Note that the conclusion says "Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents"

The conclusion says that it will help control the occurrence of carpal tunnel. It doesn't say that it will eradicate the condition. If a problem can happen in 3 ways and if you take care of one, you can certainly HELP CURB the problem. It may not eradicate the problem completely but it can definitely help reduce the occurence.
So we don't need to assume that carpal tunnel doesn't happen any other way to make our conclusion true. Therefore, C is not correct.

Take another example:

Me: I get frequent heartburns.
You: Avoid cooking fried foods at home. That would help control the problem.

Your opinion is that if fried food are not cooked at home, the heartburn problem will be controlled. What are you assuming? That I will not go outside/order in fried foods on a regular basis. You are not assuming that there is no other way in which I could get heartburn. Smoking, eating large meals etc can also cause heartburn. But you are addressing one cause, perhaps the main one - we don't know - and you are saying that taking care of this cause will help control the problem. That is perfectly valid, isn't it? You don't need to assume that other causes are not there.

Hi Karishma,

Im trying to related this with the cause n effect question ? and assuming an alternate cause to be the correct answer choice.

Avoid eating fried food to help to control heartburn problem.

So if there is any other food item that leads to heartburn problem. (alternate cause, should be correct choice/as it breaks down or weakens are conclusion.?

Or Is it the possible alternate cause (weakner) is not a potential assumption . These two are different thing?

If the question was to find a possible weakener then alternate cause could be the correct answer?

Can you correct my line of thoughts.

Regards

Nitin Singh
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24 Nov 2015, 19:46
D.
Why?
Adolscents who play V/G develop synd.
So why does the law prohibit VG to minors?
Maybe, minors who play VG develop into adulsent who play VG.
Or parents do not give VG to adsc. but they give to minors. So no need to prohibit VG to adols. coz their parents already do not give VG to them.
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26 Dec 2015, 11:30
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

oh, wow, cracked it in 1 minute.

FL - prohibit sale to minors.
prohibition -> curb CTS.

the assumption here is that minors are actually buying the games, and that once the prohibition is in effect, people would refuse to buy games for minors.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
well, even if they vote, parents might buy games for the kids. thus, the # won't get down.

(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
well, this is something that can be inferred from the argument. those who play VG are three times as likely to develop the syndrome as are those who do not play. B is out.

(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
just like B, C is incorrect, as the argument clearly states that there are kids who do not play, but develop the syndrome.

(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
aha, if the parents refuse to buy - then the kids will not play, and thus the # of kids with syndrome will drop.

(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
this one is out of scope.
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29 Jan 2017, 12:07
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

The doctor concludes that federal legislation prohibiting the sale of video games to minors would help reduce the incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome. This
conclusion hinges on the assumption that the only way for adolescents to access video games is to purchase the games themselves.

(A) Majority consensus in the legislature has no bearing on whether the recommended legislation would actually help to curb carpal tunnel syndrome.
(B) This argument states that "adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome." Thus, the
argument directly indicates that carpal tunnel syndrome does not affect all adolescents who play video games. Rather than an assumption, this answer choice is simply an inference drawn from the text.
(C) The fact that adolescents can develop carpal tunnel syndrome by means other than playing video games has no bearing on whether the recommended legislation would help to curb carpal tunnel syndrome.
(D) CORRECT. In order for the doctor's recommended legislation to reduce the incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome among adolescents, the prohibition from the
purchase of video games must result in the actual possession of fewer video games. Thus, it must be assumed that parents will not simply purchase video games for their children.
(E) The fact that video games can benefit adolescents in other ways has no bearing on whether the recommended legislation would help to curb carpal tunnel syndrome.
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01 Jul 2017, 04:13
1
this is a great question because children cannot buy video games for themselves; they do not have money to purchase video games.
The parents will video games for children => the argument attack the parents => D is correct
C is strengthener.
E is out of scope
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26 Jul 2017, 03:37
Why not C? how does parents buying video game for their children play role when the sale of the video game has

D actually completes the missing link and hence better than C.
If parents don't buy video games to their children then only we can reach the conclusion.
Otherwise as per C even though video game is the sole cause for an adolescent to develop carpal tunnel syndrome- we can't conclude that "Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents. "

Great question indeed!
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26 Jul 2017, 07:12
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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26 Jul 2017, 07:13
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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29 Jul 2017, 09:24
i eliminated all but C and D. I was sure of D, but picked C due to the word 'only' and getting the wrong conclusion after reading the premise.
'Only' is too strong word and i should have been little cautious. n ONLY is wrong as well as other children develop such symptoms. here we need to concentrate on the last sentence which talks about legislation that prohibits sale of video games to minors. here the author is assuming that if there is such a legislation, then parents will be discouraged to buy video games for adolescents.

hence correct option is D.
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30 Jul 2017, 00:57
I marked C in the first go. However, it now looks irrelevant, considering the conclusion of the premise.

Consider this-
Before the legislation comes in effect, shopkeepers must be selling the video games to the adolescents directly. But once the legislation comes into play, adolescents cannot directly buy the games. But, what if the parents (who are not adolescents) go and buy the games for their children. This would not involve going against the ruling/legislation. Hence, the argument assumes, that yes no parents would buy games for their children. If the parents are convinced not to buy the video games, then the legislation would have its desired effect.

This makes D the correct choice.

Hope my reasoning helps.
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24 Sep 2017, 23:38
amit2k9 wrote:
Assumption : type Supporter
Test : Negation. (should weaken the conclusion)
POE : A,D prevail

D :Most parents would not refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

Dosen't seem to affect the conclusion which states about legislators.
A: The majority of federal legislators would not vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.

Legislation won't pass.Hence weaken.
Clear choice A.
thank you

Can u pls elaborate on this??
Why is A not the correct answer?
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25 Sep 2017, 20:34
A. The doctor doesn't know whether a bill would be passed. So, this is not an assumption.
D. If Federal Legislation prohibits sale to minors, the end result would only be achieved if the parents wouldn't buy video games for their adolescent children.

Hence D.
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26 Sep 2017, 08:49
Is my understanding of the premise correct?

Given: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games.

My understanding: Adolescents who play video games are more vulnerable (3X times) to get a particular syndrome compared to those adolescents who do not play (X times). So, is it correct to say that adolescents who play and those who do not play are both vulnerable to get the syndrome?

Conclusion: Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

My understanding: If prohibiting the sale of video games helps to control the situation among adolescents then based on the comparison (3X vs X) how will such prohibition helps to control the situation among adolescents who do not Play the video games?
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12 Dec 2017, 05:12
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.

Good Question. C and D are contenders. Since the conclusion talks about only curbing the issue based on the new rule, C can be ruled out.
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