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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2010, 16:55
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.


The conclusion that federal legislation prohibiting the sale of video games to minor would curb painful wrist condition among adolescents can only be true if their parents do not continue to buy these games for their kids. The games are prohibited to be sold to children, but not to adults who can buy it for them.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2010, 23:45
hi guys had a doubt in this question
the author says that federal legislation would be helpful in curbing the problem,so one of his assumptions is that the legislation might be passed,thatis even the federal legislators would agree with his opinion on video games,so why cant (A) be a plausible option
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2010, 23:54
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Adhi,

fair bet, but if you look at the conclusion its " Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents."

the author is not concerned about whether the law will be passed, but will the law once passed help the reduction of the crap that ALL IT GUYS ARE PRONE TO......

So now if the parents or somebody help the guys to get games, there is no point in law, so he safely assumes that noone help the game freaks
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2010, 00:02
i believe that B is the correct Ans.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2010, 10:43
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D.

Negating the assumption should make the conclusion in valid.
The conclusion is that by legally prohibiting minors to buy video games will help in curbing this condition.
Option d states that minors can get video games by ther parents getting it for them.

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2010, 18:32
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adhithya wrote:
hi guys had a doubt in this question
the author says that federal legislation would be helpful in curbing the problem,so one of his assumptions is that the legislation might be passed,thatis even the federal legislators would agree with his opinion on video games,so why cant (A) be a plausible option



Further to mailnavin1's point, an assumption supports the conclusion.
The conclusion here is "A law that prohibits sale of video games to minors would help curb this condition" i.e. a law would help.

If you want to negate this conclusion, you will say, "a law will not help." You will not say, "Such a law cannot be passed."

So this conclusion does not depend on whether the law will be passed. The author just says that if the law is passed, it will help. He assumes that a law will work because adults will not buy the games for minors.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2010, 21:56
@mailnavin,@karishma,thanks a lot for the great expln
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2011, 23:36
A and B don't even relate to the question too well. That pretty much narrows the choices to C, D and E.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2011, 09:29
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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2011, 10:51
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1
sushbis wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

Answer given D. But this has no bearing on the possible effect of the legislation. Please help



Even though the prohibition is on force ,it will not have any effect if parents buy the game and give it to their children.Because the prohibition is only for minors.Hence D is the assumption,which has been taken by the doctor.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2011, 18:43
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Explanation for this has been provided in MGMAT forum. However I am not very convinced with the arguments given there regarding D being the preferable choice over C. I think this question definitely needs editing. Choice D should be reworded something on the lines :

The law will prevent most parents from buying video games for their adolescent children.

Even though the current choice actually means the same, explicitly mentioning the relation between the law and sale of video games will make the choice clearer.

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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2011, 18:50
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Why not C? Here the author says "prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents. " Doesnt he assume here that the only cause for wrist condition is playing video games. If that is not the only cause, then this legislation will not have its intended effect.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 02:29
A reasoning gap in the argument here.

D fills the gap by providing a link.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 05:41
C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

can not be a correct assumption, here . As nowhere in the argument we get a hint that says video game is the only reason.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 23:09
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sushbis wrote:
Why not C? Here the author says "prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents. " Doesnt he assume here that the only cause for wrist condition is playing video games. If that is not the only cause, then this legislation will not have its intended effect.


As my mac dictionary says, 'curb' means 'keep in check'. It does not mean 'eliminate completely'. So as long as the legislation helps to reduce the incidence of carpal tunnel, it is having its intended effect. It doesn't make any difference if there are other causes. Taking a similar example, if I say that emissions controls on automobile exhaust will help reduce air pollution levels, I'm not assuming that automobiles are the *only* cause of air pollution; I'm only assuming that they are one cause.
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2011, 02:22
Why not C? how does parents buying video game for their children play role when the sale of the video game has
already been prohibited?
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2011, 02:57
madGMAT wrote:
Why not C? how does parents buying video game for their children play role when the sale of the video game has
already been prohibited?


Conclusion: If you don't sell video games to young boys age < 18 years, it will help check or reduce the instances of CTS because if you don't sell video games to them, they won't have any video games and if they don't have the video game, how can they play it; simple!!

Counter Argument: What if their parents buy the video games and give those to them. Won't they have the access to the games then? After all, law prohibits ONLY young kids from buying, not their parents.

Oh!!! I assumed that their parents won't buy them the games.

Ans: "D"
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2011, 16:29
good explanation Ian and fluke.....i chose the wrong answer but now i see why
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2011, 16:35
sushbis wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.


D, is correct... C is wrong.... since if you negate this statement it does not sink the stem's conclusion...
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Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2011, 22:01
D is defender assumption.
negation of assumption is an weakener which attack the link between evidence and conclusion.
if negation of an answer choice weaken ONLY CONCLUSION,or in other words, attack conclusion outside context of evidence, this answer choice is wrong and tricky. . I call this tricky answer affecting conclusion outside of evidence context. Defender assumption is usually mistaken for this tricky answer.

for many S, W, A, the wrong choice or negation of wrong choice support/weaken conclusion outside context of evidence . This is tricky. following is my example of this tricky. D is attacking conclusion outside context, very attractive but wrong.

Having an efficient, attractive subway system makes good economic sense. So, the city needs to purchase new subway cars, since the city should always do what makes good economic sense.
The conclusion drawn above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?
(D) New subway cars are financially affordable.
(E) New subway cars are required in order for the city to have a subway system that is efficient and attractive

ok, understand ATTACKING CONCLUSION OUTSIDE CONTEXT OF EVIDENCE. also, understand DEFENDER ASSUMPTION which is explain in Critical Reasoning Bile.
Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jun 2011, 22:01

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