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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games

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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2011, 18:50
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Why not C? Here the author says "prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents. " Doesnt he assume here that the only cause for wrist condition is playing video games. If that is not the only cause, then this legislation will not have its intended effect.

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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 02:29
A reasoning gap in the argument here.

D fills the gap by providing a link.
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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 05:41
C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

can not be a correct assumption, here . As nowhere in the argument we get a hint that says video game is the only reason.

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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 23:09
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sushbis wrote:
Why not C? Here the author says "prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents. " Doesnt he assume here that the only cause for wrist condition is playing video games. If that is not the only cause, then this legislation will not have its intended effect.


As my mac dictionary says, 'curb' means 'keep in check'. It does not mean 'eliminate completely'. So as long as the legislation helps to reduce the incidence of carpal tunnel, it is having its intended effect. It doesn't make any difference if there are other causes. Taking a similar example, if I say that emissions controls on automobile exhaust will help reduce air pollution levels, I'm not assuming that automobiles are the *only* cause of air pollution; I'm only assuming that they are one cause.
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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2011, 02:22
Why not C? how does parents buying video game for their children play role when the sale of the video game has
already been prohibited?

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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2011, 02:57
madGMAT wrote:
Why not C? how does parents buying video game for their children play role when the sale of the video game has
already been prohibited?


Conclusion: If you don't sell video games to young boys age < 18 years, it will help check or reduce the instances of CTS because if you don't sell video games to them, they won't have any video games and if they don't have the video game, how can they play it; simple!!

Counter Argument: What if their parents buy the video games and give those to them. Won't they have the access to the games then? After all, law prohibits ONLY young kids from buying, not their parents.

Oh!!! I assumed that their parents won't buy them the games.

Ans: "D"
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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2011, 16:29
good explanation Ian and fluke.....i chose the wrong answer but now i see why
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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2011, 16:35
sushbis wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.


D, is correct... C is wrong.... since if you negate this statement it does not sink the stem's conclusion...

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New post 19 Jun 2011, 22:01
D is defender assumption.
negation of assumption is an weakener which attack the link between evidence and conclusion.
if negation of an answer choice weaken ONLY CONCLUSION,or in other words, attack conclusion outside context of evidence, this answer choice is wrong and tricky. . I call this tricky answer affecting conclusion outside of evidence context. Defender assumption is usually mistaken for this tricky answer.

for many S, W, A, the wrong choice or negation of wrong choice support/weaken conclusion outside context of evidence . This is tricky. following is my example of this tricky. D is attacking conclusion outside context, very attractive but wrong.

Having an efficient, attractive subway system makes good economic sense. So, the city needs to purchase new subway cars, since the city should always do what makes good economic sense.
The conclusion drawn above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?
(D) New subway cars are financially affordable.
(E) New subway cars are required in order for the city to have a subway system that is efficient and attractive

ok, understand ATTACKING CONCLUSION OUTSIDE CONTEXT OF EVIDENCE. also, understand DEFENDER ASSUMPTION which is explain in Critical Reasoning Bile.

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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2011, 03:54
A partly contradict evidence and is wrong.

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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2011, 04:35
I'm not see difficult (at first glance), but indeed was a tough one.

Anyway, following the same rule:

Premise----> Who play---> have TS
Conclusion-----> A new law CAN REDUCE this scenario avoiding to sell videogames to minors

A) what about a bill '? clearly do not fit

B) Not all (or all the reverse) adolescents and bla bla.......out

C) here is the most contender but why ?? if we read closer this statement has problem like: fall in the premise area we can say, not in the field of cocnlcusion, and most important thing: NOT in the field of assumption; the word only.......we do not see an extreme tone in the stimulus as well.

D) the choice: the conclusion says that the legislation could avoid the sellling of video games to minor and indeed avoiding the syndrome BUT the parents could buy games for children

E) completely out

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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2011, 04:56
I went for D,
C is too strong to be the assumption, moreover if negated, it does not call the conclusion into question.

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Re: Confused! [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2011, 07:37
hmmm...i can see c to be a strong contender but it loses to D in that C does not address one important issue about
FEDERAL LEGISLATION. If the conclusion had been "banning video games would help curb the syndrome in the minors", then C would have won over D.

But here the conclusion is "federal legislation...... would help curb the...."..that's the catch.. So the author is assuming that there's no other way minors will get their hands on those video games.

The below sentence can also be an alternate ans
"The internet cafes would not allow minors to play video games after the law is passed"

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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2011, 12:37
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
a)The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
b)Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
c)Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
d) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
E)The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

any explanations please, I will post the AO later on!
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Re: Research shows that adolescents who play video [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2011, 00:05
IMO D

d) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children. => Federal legislation need only prohibits the sale video game to the minor of adolescents
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Re: Research shows that adolescents who play video [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2011, 20:04
tuanquang269 wrote:
IMO D

d) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children. => Federal legislation need only prohibits the sale video game to the minor of adolescents

i did not get the focus of the question that is the vid game sales to the minor, :)

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Re: Research shows that adolescents who play video [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2011, 02:40
IMO C,

Could someone please explain why C is incorrect and D a better option?

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Re: Research shows that adolescents who play video [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2011, 07:20
+1 C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

The conclusion by doctors is: Prohibit sales of Video Games to minors and they will not suffer from Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

which shows that the doctors are assuming that, it is only through playing Video Games minors get that syndrome, which may or may not be true.

In picking option D, we are also making the same assumption, that if kids don't buy games themselves, their parents would do that for them and in any case... it is only through Video Games that this syndrome occurs.
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Re: Research shows that adolescents who play video [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2011, 04:54
Its D

C uses very strong word "only"
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Re: Research shows that adolescents who play video [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2011, 10:21
manalq8 wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
a)The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors. OUT OF SCOPE

b)ALL all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome. ------ The conclusion is still valid
c)Playing video games is the NOT THE only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome. ---------- Conclusion weakens but since there is no more information about the other ways it can be taken as even though it is not the only way, the federal regulation will prohibit...
d) Most parents would NOT refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children. CORRECT ----- The conclusion falls apart. Even after the federal regulation, Most parents would buy the games.
E)The regular playing of video games by adolescents PRODUCE such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time. ---------- Conclusion is still valid.

any explanations please, I will post the AO later on!

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Re: Research shows that adolescents who play video   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2011, 10:21

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