Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games

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04 Aug 2008, 16:29
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Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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12 Aug 2008, 05:28
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hibloom wrote:
Even I am confused it looks to be a clear C
The question of parents following legistation does not arise a legislation should be followed
I think we need more discussion on this one

C is irrelevant because the conclusion is focussed on how the legislation can curb the condition

COnsider this :
What is the Conclusion of the argument?

Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

What is the evidence provided?
Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome

Paraphrase: Doctors know video games are the reason for Carpal tunnel syndrome in adolescents .If legistation is passed such that videos cannot be sold to minors the painful wrist condition can be curbed.

What is the gap between the conclusion and evidence?

Hope this helps.
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03 Dec 2010, 12:10
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goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
-->Though this is possible the conclusion is stating what WOULD happen if sales to minors were prohibited. We don't need to know whether or not the bill passes.
(B) Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
-->The conclusion does not depend on this statement. If not all adolescents who play videos on a regular basis don't get CTS then the legislation that prohibits the sale of video games doesn't matter.
(C) Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
-->If playing video games is the ONLY way an adolescent can develop CTS then the law would not just "help curb" but would ELMINATE CTS for good.
(D) Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
-->If minors can't buy games they will rely on non-minors to purchase it for them. If most parents refuse to purchase video games then CTS will be curbed among adolescents. CORRECT
(E) The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.
-->This statement has nothing to do with our conclusion.

Conclusion: Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.
Assumption: No one else buys the game for the minors
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12 Aug 2008, 08:48
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one of th ebest ways to solve "assumption" problem is to negate the assumption and the conclusion should fall apart..

if we negate C, what do we have

Playing video games is NOT the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

now it tells us that there could be other factors for CTS (carpal tunnel syndrome) ... OK fine but it doesnt rule out the possibility that playing video games is also one of the factors ... So a ban will help curm the CTS ... argument doesnt fall apart.... so C is not the answer
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03 Dec 2010, 22:54
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fair bet, but if you look at the conclusion its " Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents."

the author is not concerned about whether the law will be passed, but will the law once passed help the reduction of the crap that ALL IT GUYS ARE PRONE TO......

So now if the parents or somebody help the guys to get games, there is no point in law, so he safely assumes that noone help the game freaks
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04 Dec 2010, 17:32
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hi guys had a doubt in this question
the author says that federal legislation would be helpful in curbing the problem,so one of his assumptions is that the legislation might be passed,thatis even the federal legislators would agree with his opinion on video games,so why cant (A) be a plausible option

Further to mailnavin1's point, an assumption supports the conclusion.
The conclusion here is "A law that prohibits sale of video games to minors would help curb this condition" i.e. a law would help.

If you want to negate this conclusion, you will say, "a law will not help." You will not say, "Such a law cannot be passed."

So this conclusion does not depend on whether the law will be passed. The author just says that if the law is passed, it will help. He assumes that a law will work because adults will not buy the games for minors.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Manager Joined: 09 Jul 2007 Posts: 242 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 226 [1] , given: 0 Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome [#permalink] Show Tags 05 Aug 2008, 15:08 1 This post received KUDOS IMO D. The doctor's conclusion is ..Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents. In other words, the conclusion says "if such a law is passed, it will help" Doctor does not conclude that this law will be passed... so B should not be the assumption. However, the doctor's conclusion to be valid , the desired effect of the law should be achieved . For that D should be true ( assumption ). Manager Joined: 20 Jan 2011 Posts: 65 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 1 [1] , given: 8 Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink] Show Tags 12 Dec 2011, 08:16 1 This post received KUDOS I did not even read the option D completely....made it out of scope since Parents are coming into the discussion. Chose option C. On a second look, i realized that D is correct. Lesson learnt : Read all options carefully. When you hit an interesting contender early on, you will start ignoring other options, coz of your bias towards an option and your brain asking you to rush to beat the time. Never ignore any option without completely reading it. I tell this to myself everytime, but somehow fall into the same trap again and again. Manager Joined: 12 Nov 2011 Posts: 143 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 24 [1] , given: 24 Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink] Show Tags 23 Jan 2012, 09:39 1 This post received KUDOS nikhilsamuel89 If playing is not the only way to get desise but one of the ways government still helps to decrease desise by eliminating one way to get desise so clear D Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7187 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2172 Kudos [?]: 14047 [1] , given: 222 Re: Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games [#permalink] Show Tags 25 Sep 2013, 20:58 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post rrsnathan wrote: I Choose C "Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome". But this answer question my reason for selecting the Answer choice C. "The conclusion that federal legislation prohibiting the sale of video games to minor would curb painful wrist condition among adolescents can only be true if their parents do not continue to buy these games for their kids. The games are prohibited to be sold to children, but not to adults who can buy it for them." Note that the conclusion says "Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents" The conclusion says that it will help control the occurrence of carpal tunnel. It doesn't say that it will eradicate the condition. If a problem can happen in 3 ways and if you take care of one, you can certainly HELP CURB the problem. It may not eradicate the problem completely but it can definitely help reduce the occurence. So we don't need to assume that carpal tunnel doesn't happen any other way to make our conclusion true. But if adults buy games for kids then prohibiting the sale to kids will not help curb the problem. So for our proposal (that kids should be prohibited from buying these games) to have the desired effect (help curb carpal tunnel), it is necessary that parents not buy the games for kids. Hence answer is (D) _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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04 Oct 2013, 18:02
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KanupriyaS wrote:
i thought it to be a clear C

why can't it be C?

Note that the conclusion says "Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents"

The conclusion says that it will help control the occurrence of carpal tunnel. It doesn't say that it will eradicate the condition. If a problem can happen in 3 ways and if you take care of one, you can certainly HELP CURB the problem. It may not eradicate the problem completely but it can definitely help reduce the occurence.
So we don't need to assume that carpal tunnel doesn't happen any other way to make our conclusion true. Therefore, C is not correct.

Take another example:

Me: I get frequent heartburns.
You: Avoid cooking fried foods at home. That would help control the problem.

Your opinion is that if fried food are not cooked at home, the heartburn problem will be controlled. What are you assuming? That I will not go outside/order in fried foods on a regular basis. You are not assuming that there is no other way in which I could get heartburn. Smoking, eating large meals etc can also cause heartburn. But you are addressing one cause, perhaps the main one - we don't know - and you are saying that taking care of this cause will help control the problem. That is perfectly valid, isn't it? You don't need to assume that other causes are not there.
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25 Oct 2014, 22:48
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the conclusion is that the federal legislation can prohibit the sale to minors. The assumption is that if the federal legislation prohibits the parents will refuse to purchase.
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04 Aug 2008, 18:28
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04 Aug 2008, 19:18
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

IMO B)
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05 Aug 2008, 11:59
D for me.
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05 Aug 2008, 13:28
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.
Conclusion says "would help" its not "must"

So author assumed that
" Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome. "

I will go with B.

What is OA
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05 Aug 2008, 14:02
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05 Aug 2008, 14:50
goalsnr wrote:
Doctor: Research shows that adolescents who play video games on a regular basis are three times as likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome as are adolescents who do not play video games. Federal legislation that prohibits the sale of video games to minors would help curb this painful wrist condition among adolescents.

The doctor’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?
The majority of federal legislators would vote for a bill that prohibits the sale of video games to minors.
Not all adolescents who play video games on a regular basis suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome.
Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome.
Most parents would refuse to purchase video games for their adolescent children.
The regular playing of video games by adolescents does not produce such beneficial effects as better hand-eye coordination and improved reaction time.

B-

a; out of scope-- should focus on research which is the evidence
b; regulation must pass law
c; not focused on "only way" but ways to reduce develop cts
d; looks like another conclusion for regulation
e; out of scope
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05 Aug 2008, 15:32
OA is D
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06 Aug 2008, 00:13
can you please explain what is wrong with C
"Playing video games is the only way an adolescent can develop carpal tunnel syndrome."
Re: CR-carpal tunnel syndrome   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2008, 00:13

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