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Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating

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Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate genetic predispositions toward certain diseases.

(A) not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate

(B) do damage by themselves but also are aggravating to

(C) are damaging by themselves but also are aggravating

(D) not only do damage by themselves, they are also aggravating to

(E) are doing damage by themselves, and they are also aggravating
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Nov 2017, 20:04, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 13:38
Again, this is idiom. The correct usage is not only...but also.
Only answer A has it.

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 16:43
+1 A

However, it seem this is not a good question, IMO.
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2011, 17:58
A. Use of Not only---- But also...

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2012, 22:30
i am a bit confused ..generally not only ..but also is used in a positive context only .
Example :He not only scored high marks but also gained an admit from a top university .
As mettalicafan said this is a not a good question .
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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be carefull my friends.

not only...but also is used to show the in-the-same- direction content between 2 clauses.

however, "but also" can be used ALONE to show contrast and means "but"

gmatprep presents a question in which "but also " is used ALONE to test whether we know the contrast.

in this question, the meaning is same-direction content between 2 clauses, so, the couple "not only...but also" is used

this is called meaning based analysis which assumes that the wrong answer choice is grammatical and needs to be proved wrong in meaning.

this means "but also" in b and c are grammatical but wrong in meaning.
if you think that "but also" in b and c are wrong because "not only" dose not go with them, you are wrong because "but also" can be used without "not only"

that is my thinking.
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2013, 00:02
bmwhype2 wrote:
248. Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate genetic predispositions toward certain diseases.
(A) not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate
(B) do damage by themselves but also are aggravating to
(C) are damaging by themselves but also are aggravating
(D) not only do damage by themselves, they are also aggravating to
(E) are doing damage by themselves, and they are also aggravating


use of idiom: Not only...but also. only A uses the idiom correctly.
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2013, 07:53
Correct idiom is not only...but also.
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2014, 19:10
Can someone please explain if parallelism is at work here?

I used the parallelism for the contrasting points: Not only X but also Y.

(A) not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate
(B) do damage by themselves but also are aggravating to
(C) are damaging by themselves but also are aggravating
(D) not only do damage by themselves, they are also aggravating to
(E) are doing damage by themselves, and they are also aggravating

A and C would pass the parallelism test. Is this a correct split?

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2015, 05:42
A question on choice E: Do we need a 'that' before 'they' in choice E?

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2015, 23:35
apolo wrote:
A question on choice E: Do we need a 'that' before 'they' in choice E?



No, we don't. It will change the meaning.
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2015, 02:59
Hi guys I have a doubt, MGMAT states that complex gerund is only parallel to an Action Noun. Here Smoking(Complex gerund),Eating(simple gerund) and consumption (action noun). So how can Eating be parallel in the list. Plz clarify :?: :pc

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2015, 22:22
caster88 wrote:
Hi guys I have a doubt, MGMAT states that complex gerund is only parallel to an Action Noun. Here Smoking(Complex gerund),Eating(simple gerund) and consumption (action noun). So how can Eating be parallel in the list. Plz clarify :?: :pc


Ask this question from a Manhattan guy; you know what the answer will be: Don't question the official questions! Since the question you ask is about the non-underlined section of the question, your questions is not relevant!

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2016, 22:34
please explain the parallelism here..."...cigarette smoking, eating rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption....".

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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gmatlbs wrote:
please explain the parallelism here..."...cigarette smoking, eating rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption....".


Generally, whenever a noun form exists for an action , that noun form is preferred to the -ing form of that action.

Here, alcohol consumption is preferred over consuming of alcohol

Coming to the parallelism aspect , the parallelism rules say the following are parallel
1) action nouns || to action nouns ( consumption here)
2) nouns || to complex gerunds (verb-ing OF <something>) --> notice the presence of "of <something>"
2) verb-ing (simple gerund) || to verb-ing (simple gerund)

Going by the rule - I see what you're saying. it's difficult to explain the parallelism by these rules.
But, going by the construction of this sentence, it is clear to see that smoking , eating and consumption are all unambiguously positioned as nouns . (considering verb-ing can be modifiers as well) ,

so I am guessing GMAC took the liberty to position all the nouns parallel (smoking, eating, and consumption) to avoid the awkwardness of a construction like below.

smoking of cigarettes, eating of rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption

this might be the only other possible construction to fit the rule, because smoking and eating do not have a proper noun form.

my takeaway would be that we should keep an eye on the role of verb-ing and if it's unambiguously a noun, it can be presented parallel to action nouns. just noticed that this question is repeated in OG16 (Q87) , verbatim, without eliminating the question. so GMAC believes this a valid construction. the rule is probably hard for modifier forms and soft on noun forms .

A new learning today, after having recently learnt about how past participle forms can be parallel to present participle forms - from the famous fungus question :).
thanks for asking this Q. do drop in another post if you notice similar construction in other Qs.
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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The general observation is that GMAC never comes out and says that this is the rule or that is the rule. Only others interpret them as per their own perceptions. The problem is thicker when, such concepts are tested in the underlined portion. Then we have to look the proclaimed answer choices to expound the acceptance of the diction or the style. However, except for academic purposes, worrying about something that is not underlined or even cultivating that habit will be a strain on the resources, especially in the hall. So, let us take that as far //ism is concerned, that the combination of gerund and an action noun is perfectly ok in GMAT, if I may add including in underlined portion. I hardly remember having seen any GMAT question wherein such a distinction has been used to reject an answer
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 05:31
victory47 wrote:
be carefull my friends.

not only...but also is used to show the in-the-same- direction content between 2 clauses.

however, "but also" can be used ALONE to show contrast and means "but"

gmatprep presents a question in which "but also " is used ALONE to test whether we know the contrast.

in this question, the meaning is same-direction content between 2 clauses, so, the couple "not only...but also" is used

this is called meaning based analysis which assumes that the wrong answer choice is grammatical and needs to be proved wrong in meaning.

this means "but also" in b and c are grammatical but wrong in meaning.
if you think that "but also" in b and c are wrong because "not only" dose not go with them, you are wrong because "but also" can be used without "not only"

that is my thinking.



Hello GMATNinja

Can we use 'but also' without 'not only' as stated here or it all depends on the context?

If that is so, eliminating choices based on idioms must be the last option.


Also what can be parallel to what as is discussed in above posts?

Thanks

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 23:04
Imo A
How option C is wrong as it maintains parallelism.

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 09:37
Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate genetic predispositions toward certain diseases.

By removing the fluff we notice that the original sentence correctly uses the idiom not only X but also Y

The only answers that follow this rule are A and D. Eliminate B,C and E

With D there is an error with parallelism, 'do damage' and 'aggrevating'. The gerund 'aggrevating' is incorrect. The correct form is aggrevate. Hence answer is A
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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 20:51
bmwhype2 wrote:
248. Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate genetic predispositions toward certain diseases.
(A) not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate
(B) do damage by themselves but also are aggravating to
(C) are damaging by themselves but also are aggravating
(D) not only do damage by themselves, they are also aggravating to
(E) are doing damage by themselves, and they are also aggravating


The correct idiom is "not only x but y." The original sentence correctly uses the idiom and is parallel.

A

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Re: Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2017, 20:51

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