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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test

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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2016, 03:04
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Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

63% (01:10) correct 37% (01:28) wrong based on 265 sessions

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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test every three years to screen for cervical cancer. Since the Pap test is meant to detect abnormalities that may lead to invasive cervical cancer, these abnormalities can be treated before cancer develops. Most invasive cancers of the cervix can be prevented if women have Pap tests regularly.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most important in determining whether implementing the suggestion is likely to achieve the desired result?

(A) What percent of women in whom abnormalities are detected actually get invasive cancer of the cervix?

(B)What is the time lag between appearance of abnormalities and subsequent development of cervical cancer?

(C) Do the insurance companies cover the cost of Pap test?

(D)Are the causes of development of abnormalities identified?

(E)Do we have treatment for the abnormalities so that cancer does not develop?
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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2016, 04:34
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mitravanu wrote:
Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test every three years to screen for cervical cancer. Since the Pap test is meant to detect abnormalities that may lead to invasive cervical cancer, these abnormalities can be treated before cancer develops. Most invasive cancers of the cervix can be prevented if women have Pap tests regularly.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most important in determining whether implementing the suggestion is likely to achieve the desired result?

(A) What percent of women in whom abnormalities are detected actually get invasive cancer of the cervix?

(B)What is the time lag between appearance of abnormalities and subsequent development of cervical cancer?

(C) Do the insurance companies cover the cost of Pap test?

(D)Are the causes of development of abnormalities identified?

(E)Do we have treatment for the abnormalities so that cancer does not develop?


Answer is B.

Conclusion is Regular Pap Tests could help in preventing most invasive cancers of the cervix, if abnormalities are identified on time.

Assumption : There is a time lag between occurrence of Abnormalities and the cervix cancer.

(A) What percent of women in whom abnormalities are detected actually get invasive cancer of the cervix? --> Even if we have only 10% of such women, our aim is to minimize the cancer cases. So, % does not matter. Incorrect.

(B)What is the time lag between appearance of abnormalities and subsequent development of cervical cancer? --> Correct, as per our pre thinking above.

(C) Do the insurance companies cover the cost of Pap test? --> OUT OF SCOPE.

(D)Are the causes of development of abnormalities identified? --> OUT of SCOPE.

(E)Do we have treatment for the abnormalities so that cancer does not develop? --> Its already stated in the premise that we can treat these abnormalities. So, we cannot break the truth of the premise. Hence, incorrect.
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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2017, 06:02
mitravanu wrote:
Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test every three years to screen for cervical cancer. Since the Pap test is meant to detect abnormalities that may lead to invasive cervical cancer, these abnormalities can be treated before cancer develops. Most invasive cancers of the cervix can be prevented if women have Pap tests regularly.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most important in determining whether implementing the suggestion is likely to achieve the desired result?

(A) What percent of women in whom abnormalities are detected actually get invasive cancer of the cervix?

(B) What is the time lag between appearance of abnormalities and subsequent development of cervical cancer?

(C) Do the insurance companies cover the cost of Pap test?

(D) Are the causes of development of abnormalities identified?

(E) Do we have treatment for the abnormalities so that cancer does not develop?


Official solution from Veritas Prep.

Correct answer: (B)

For the suggestion to be effective, the time between abnormalities to appear and cancer to develop should be long enough. The reason is that in most cases, when abnormalities appear, they should be detected by the once-in-3-years Pap test before cancer develops. If cancer develops quickly after abnormalities appear, the Pap test, which needs to be taken every 3 years according to the suggestion, may not be effective in preventing cancer in most cases.

(A): Incorrect. It doesn’t matter what percent of women actually get cancer. If most abnormalities are detected, they will be treated so that none of them get the cancer.
(C): Incorrect. Whether insurance companies cover the cost is irrelevant since we do not know what the cost of the procedure is. If it is very small, most women will anyway be able to get the test even if it is not covered by the insurance.
(D): Incorrect. Causes of abnormalities are irrelevant to the argument.
(E): Incorrect. The argument mentions that these abnormalities can be treated before cancer develops and hence the answer to this question is already there in the argument.
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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2017, 01:56
Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test every three years to screen for cervical cancer. Since the Pap test is meant to detect abnormalities that may lead to invasive cervical cancer, these abnormalities can be treated before cancer develops. Most invasive cancers of the cervix can be prevented if women have Pap tests regularly.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most important in determining whether implementing the suggestion is likely to achieve the desired result?

A) What percent of women in whom abnormalities are detected actually get invasive cancer of the cervix?
B) What is the time lag between appearance of abnormalities and subsequent development of cervical cancer?
C) Do the insurance companies cover the cost of Pap test?
D) Are the causes of development of abnormalities identified?
E) Do we have treatment for the abnormalities so that cancer does not develop?
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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2017, 02:35
--B--
The sequence is

Appearance of abnormalities....Cancer

After Pap Test:
Appearance of abnormalities....PapTest--> Treatment ---> Cancer

To take the Pap Test after the Appearance of abnormalities & before the development of Cancer, we must know the time lag between appearance of abnormalities and subsequent development of cervical cancer.
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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2017, 04:30
Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test every three years to screen for cervical cancer.

But what if the abnormalities cause cervical cancer in less than 3 years after their appearance? What if they do so in a matter of days, weeks or months? In that case, screening once every three years would be useless in preventing the development of cervical cancer from abnormalities. --> B

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Re: Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2017, 06:44
Isn't the doctors have already calculated the time lag and based on that they have suggested them to take the pep test in a time interval of 3 years otherwise what is the basis for the advice for taking the pep test in the interval of 3 years.

Can someone answer this???

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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2017, 03:04
the technique POE still works; it helps to eliminate 4 wrong option choices. B looks wrong at the first glance, but B makes the most sense here.
"these abnormalities can be treated before cancer develop" helps to eliminate E. SUch pattern is quite common in gmat.
As ones can see, the assumption question with a question to evaluate sometimes is slightly different from other assumption questions.

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Doctors have suggested that women should take the Pap test   [#permalink] 14 Dec 2017, 03:04
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