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Doctors in Britain have long suspected that patients who [#permalink]
04 Feb 2009, 22:07
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Doctors in Britain have long suspected that patients who wear tinted eyeglasses are abonormally prone to depression and hypochondria. Psychological tests given there to hospital patients admitted for physical complaints like heart pain and digestive distress confirmed such a relationship. Perhaps people whose relationship to the world is psychologically painful choose such glasses to reduce visual stimulation, which is perceived as irritation. At any rate, it can be concluded that when such glasses are worn, it is because the wearer has a tendency to be depressed or hypochondriacal.
The argument assumes which one of the following?
(A) Depression is not caused in some cases by an organic condition of the body.
(B) Wearers do not think of the tinted glasses as a means of distancing themselves from other people.
(C) Depression can have many causes, including actual conditions about which it is reasonable for anyone to be depressed.
(D) For hypochondriacs wearing tinted glasses, the glasses serve as a visual signal to others that the wearer's health is delicate.
(E) The tinting does not dim light to the eye enough to depress the wearer's mood substantially.
E. This options eliminate the possibility of reverse causation.
can you explain further? whats the definition of reverse causation?
Argument mentions that people wear tinted sunglasses because they are depressed. It could also be the case that people are depressed because they wear tinted glasses. Option E eliminates this possibility.
Re: Doctors in Britain have long suspected that patients who [#permalink]
14 Jan 2015, 05:38
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