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# Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated

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Manager
Joined: 20 Jan 2016
Posts: 195
Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2017, 09:14
3
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:24) correct 33% (01:34) wrong based on 256 sessions

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Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by sphincter muscle inside the blowhole

(A) nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by

(B) nevertheless creating sounds; they produce a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

(C) but they do create sounds, producing a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

(D) but they do create sounds, a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks being produced

(E) but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by

This question is available on gmatclub in a different version from 2006.
Manager
Joined: 11 Feb 2017
Posts: 192
Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2018, 01:11
pra1785 wrote:
Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by sphincter muscle inside the blowhole

A) nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by

B) nevertheless creating sounds; they produce a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

C) but they do create sounds, producing a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

D) but they do create sounds, a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks being produced

E) but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by

This question is available on gmatclub in a different version from 2006.

Need reasons to eliminate A and B

Is A wrong becoz of BY at the end?
Is B wrong becoz of CREATING?
Manager
Joined: 01 Jun 2015
Posts: 219
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V26
Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2018, 06:48
rocko911 wrote:
pra1785 wrote:
Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by sphincter muscle inside the blowhole

A) nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks are produced by

B) nevertheless creating sounds; they produce a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

C) but they do create sounds, producing a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with

D) but they do create sounds, a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks being produced

E) but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by

This question is available on gmatclub in a different version from 2006.

Need reasons to eliminate A and B

Is A wrong becoz of BY at the end?
Is B wrong becoz of CREATING?

rocko911

Main reason to eliminate A and B is that they lack any contrast word such as but ,while or although.We need a contrast here.
And you are right that in option B,creating doesn't have any proper justification.
In A,produced by is not wrong.But its in passive voice.You should chose passive voice only when no right answer with active voice is available.
SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1214
Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2018, 07:30
1
First usage of nevertheless:
it was an old song, but nevertheless it was a favorite when they performed it.

meaning of nevertheless is more close to "despite this/that".

usually preceded by contrasting word such as 'but' or a contrasting phrase.

Thus A and B can be eliminated.

B) meaning error in B - it sounds like "Dolphins lack vocal cords and this is why they are making all kind of sounds."

D) but they do create sounds, a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks being produced --- a noun phrase defines the noun infront of it. such as in this case 'sound' is defined by a noun phrase which really distort the meaning of sentence. Moreover click are not produced "sphincter muscle inside the blowhole". Actually very easy to eliminate this option.

E) but nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks produced by --- colon is for giving example .

C) but they do create sounds, producing a complicated system of whistles, squeaks, moans, trills, and clicks with ---- Correct option .
"But" right contrast. even "but nevertheless" should also be correct here.
"they" > Dolphins.
"producing" >> modifying prior sentence. making a complete sense.
use of by/with --- by using 'by' we are saying only this muscle, 'with' says addition to this something else too. with seems to be a better use here.

_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases

Re: Dolphins lack vocal cords, nevertheless creating sounds: a complicated &nbs [#permalink] 23 Jan 2018, 07:30
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