Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction

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Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2012, 04:37
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Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.
(A) little water or services exist
(B) little water or services exists
(C) few services and little water exists
(D) there is little water or services available
(E) there are few services and little available water

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I was confused between C and the right ans. Altough i choosed the right one, still i'm not very confident why C is wrong.
some help!
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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14 Jul 2012, 05:22
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It is a general principle that whenever –or is found in a collection of choices, each of the choices will be taken as singular and the verb also will be singular , while, if – and – is found, both the subject and the verb will be plural

(A) little water or services exist …… services matched the verb exist but little water does not.

(B) little water or services exists … reverse of A; little water tallies with exists, while services does not

(C) few services and little water exists ------ few services and little water is plural; does not tally with exists.

(D) there is little water or services available --- There is little water is okay; but there is services available is not okay.

(E) there are few services and little available water ---- The plural subject --- few services and little available- tallies with the plural verb are ; correct choice
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15 Jul 2012, 02:48
daagh wrote:
It is a general principle that whenever –or is found in a collection of choices, each of the choices will be taken as singular and the verb also will be singular , while, if – and – is found, both the subject and the verb will be plural

(A) little water or services exist …… services matched the verb exist but little water does not.

(B) little water or services exists … reverse of A; little water tallies with exists, while services does not

(C) few services and little water exists ------ few services and little water is plural; does not tally with exists.

(D) there is little water or services available --- There is little water is okay; but there is services available is not okay.

(E) there are few services and little available water ---- The plural subject --- few services and little available- tallies with the plural verb are ; correct choice

Do we always consider water as a singular quantity? or can there be a scenario where water acts as plural.
Kindly explain.
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15 Jul 2012, 03:36
I do not think that in the ordinary sense , water can be plural. But somebody might know some weird case of water being plural and it will be interesting to know such cases. Water is generally taken to be generic and therefore singular. Buit one might argue that - every ocean has its own water - is not as good as - all oceans have their own waters -.
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15 Jul 2012, 12:01
C is wrong because of the usage of verb "exists" since exists is used as a singular verb for a plural Subject.

Water is uncountable so it could not be defined as singular or plural.
The quantity of water can be considered countable and can be plural.

The subject in the question is Plural because of the use of and.
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16 Jul 2012, 11:29
I thought using a 'OR' will make the subjects singular and hence we need to use singular verb, 'exists'.
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16 Jul 2012, 18:17
Got caught on the exists...agree with E
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2013, 21:31
what is wrong with A here ?

as per my understanding when the subject is joined by "or/nor", the verb need to agree with the subject closest to the verb, which is services in A. so it should be exist, which is what is given.

I am confused here, can someone help me out please ?
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2013, 22:52
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vishalrastogi wrote:
what is wrong with A here ?

as per my understanding when the subject is joined by "or/nor", the verb need to agree with the subject closest to the verb, which is services in A. so it should be exist, which is what is given.

I am confused here, can someone help me out please ?

Hi vishalrastogi.

I'm happy to help.

Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction of housing density, allows for more open space in areas where little water or services exist.

(A) little water or services exist
Wrong. Little (X or Y) = Little X or Little Y. But services is countable --> can't use little

(B) little water or services exists
Wrong. Same as A.

(C) few services and little water exists
Wrong. [X and Y] --> compound noun --> plural --> "exists" is wrong.

(D) there is little water or services available
Wrong. Same as A. Little X or Y = Little X or Little Y. But services is countable --> can't use little

(E) there are few services and little available water
Correct. Only E uses correct grammar. (few services + little water)

Hope it helps.
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2016, 07:20
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Re: Downzoning, zoning that typically results in the reduction   [#permalink] 04 Aug 2016, 07:20
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