Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 26 Feb 2017, 05:25

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2008
Posts: 198
Schools: Stanford...Wait, I will come!!!
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 98 [1] , given: 3

Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2008, 00:42
1
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (01:46) correct 24% (00:53) wrong based on 316 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

This topic is locked. If you want to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum.

255. Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at
Why A is wrong?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 18 Jul 2013, 09:32, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 27 May 2008
Posts: 203
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2008, 01:41
A is wrong because 'unlimited' should be modified by adverb seemingly
Manager
Joined: 18 Nov 2008
Posts: 116
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2008, 08:56
Quote:
A is wrong because 'unlimited' should be modified by adverb seemingly

Agree, E is correct
Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2008
Posts: 497
Schools: Kellogg, MIT, Michigan, Berkeley, Marshall, Mellon
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 13

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2008, 12:54
Hi guys,

IMO E

A, B and C out because "seeming" cannot modify the adjective "unlimited". Just adverbs can modify adjectives.

Between D and E, I think D changes the meaning because the idea of the sentence is that some genes are special for one purpose and other genes are special for other purpose.

Quote:
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

OA and Source?

Thanks
_________________

http://gmatclub.com/forum/johnlewis1980-s-profile-feedback-is-more-than-welcome-80538.html

I'm not linked to GMAT questions anymore, so, if you need something, please PM me

I'm already focused on my application package

My experience in my second attempt
http://gmatclub.com/forum/p544312#p544312
My experience in my third attempt
http://gmatclub.com/forum/630-q-47-v-28-engineer-non-native-speaker-my-experience-78215.html#p588275

Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2008
Posts: 198
Schools: Stanford...Wait, I will come!!!
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 98 [0], given: 3

### Show Tags

02 Dec 2008, 04:26
OA is E , and the source is 1000SC..
Thanks guys.

JohnLewis1980 wrote:
Hi guys,

IMO E

A, B and C out because "seeming" cannot modify the adjective "unlimited". Just adverbs can modify adjectives.

Between D and E, I think D changes the meaning because the idea of the sentence is that some genes are special for one purpose and other genes are special for other purpose.

Quote:
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

OA and Source?

Thanks
Manager
Joined: 26 Nov 2008
Posts: 69
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

03 Dec 2008, 16:48
lgon wrote:
255. Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at
Why A is wrong?

2 clues

1. "seemingly" must qualify an adj Eliminate A, ¨B and C
2. "Targeted at" is idiomatic
3. Each is required to illustrate the importance of each and every single antibody

Choose E
Manager
Joined: 08 Aug 2008
Posts: 234
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

03 Dec 2008, 21:34
E.
2)each not all is req
3)specifically modifies targeted and not the other way around.
lgon wrote:
255. Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at
Why A is wrong?
Intern
Joined: 03 Mar 2011
Posts: 20
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V29
WE: Sales (Hospitality and Tourism)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 12

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2011, 05:23
Intern
Joined: 27 Oct 2011
Posts: 2
GMAT 1: 690 Q51 V32
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

08 Mar 2012, 19:42
hey guys, I can choose the E because others mistakes are obvious. But I do not know why use the passive "targeted at " not the "targeting at "?
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 185 [0], given: 99

Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2013, 04:13
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

Please some one help me to identify correctly in these type of constructions.
As per the meaning of sentence how the body can constantly change its genes to a antibodies . So it should be a adjective to modify the antibodies .Asusual i ended up wrongly with these constructions
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1123
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Followers: 184

Kudos [?]: 1999 [0], given: 219

Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2013, 04:27
skamal7 wrote:
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

Please some one help me to identify correctly in these type of constructions.
As per the meaning of sentence how the body can constantly change its genes to a antibodies . So it should be a adjective to modify the antibodies .Asusual i ended up wrongly with these constructions

This is form the OG's solution:
"Choices A, B, and C incorrectly use the adjective form seeming to modify the participial adjective unlimited. "
With this you are left with D and E only. I personally cannot find any difference between "targeted specifically" and "specifically targeted".
D is wrong because uses a wrong idiom "targeted TO"

_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 185 [0], given: 99

Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2013, 04:32
Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors.
(A) as old as any of their supposed
(B) older than any of their supposed
(C) as old as their supposed
(D) older than any of their supposedly
(E) as old as their supposedly
Here adjective is used. and can you tell me hw to identify whether it is modifying the adjective attached to it or the noun? here it modfies the noun but in the previous question it modifies the adjective.Am nt able to figure that out which one is being modified

_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1123
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Followers: 184

Kudos [?]: 1999 [1] , given: 219

Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2013, 04:49
1
KUDOS
skamal7 wrote:
Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors.
(A) as old as any of their supposed
(B) older than any of their supposed
(C) as old as their supposed
(D) older than any of their supposedly
(E) as old as their supposedly
Here adjective is used. and can you tell me hw to identify whether it is modifying the adjective attached to it or the noun? here it modfies the noun but in the previous question it modifies the adjective.Am nt able to figure that out which one is being modified

Once you eliminate A C E (because they use "2000 years as old as"), you have to choose between supposed and supposedly

(B) older than any of their supposed (adjective) Mediterranean predecessors.
(D) older than any of their supposedly (adverb)Mediterranean predecessors.

What can "supposedly" modify? ONLY "Mediterranean ": it's a adverb so cannot refer to a noun.
So D says supposedly Mediterranean

What can "supposed" modify? ONLY "predecessors": it's a adjective so MUST refer to a noun.
So D says supposed predecessors

What is the intended meaning ? The sentence tries to say that those monuments are older than the supposed predecessors, so B is correct.

"Here adjective is used. and can you tell me hw to identify whether it is modifying the adjective attached to it or the noun? "
It's an adj, so it MUST refer to the noun. In the above question the adjective refereed to another adjective, and that's why it was wrong.
In the previous question
seeming/seemingly===> unlimited number of antibodies

Hope everything is clear
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2012
Posts: 23
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: Q V
GMAT 2: Q V
GPA: 3.1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 121

Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2013, 07:49
Is there any detailed article on gmatclub forum which deals with this topic.??
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10638
Followers: 940

Kudos [?]: 207 [0], given: 0

Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Dec 2015, 07:55
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the   [#permalink] 26 Dec 2015, 07:55
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the 2 07 Oct 2010, 10:57
1 Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the 11 21 Feb 2010, 15:30
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the 1 20 Oct 2007, 18:19
6 Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the 18 06 Sep 2007, 13:48
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the 1 12 Jul 2007, 09:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by