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# Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 03:09
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Maybe experts can pitch in.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become- Verb sequencing is correct
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become- Changes the original meaning when it says 'while being discharged'
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being- Being ill to serve becomes a modifer and it should be close to the noun. Also being changes the meaning
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was- injured three times is a modifier or looks like. So hold it
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being- Same as C
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 03:27
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

The correct answer between A and D is the one which retains the original meaning with the correct sequencing of events.
In D, the issue is that what is "and was discharged..." parallel with. Moreover, using "injured three times" as a modifier is not putting the three pieces of information at the same level.
In A, there is no such issue and hence its the correct answer.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 09:54
Out of context of current question. (Wishful thinking)If the answer choice was

22,had been injured 3 times, and was discharged in 1783 because she became too ill to serve.

According to the context of the sentence can we infer that injury took place before both the events. Also, in case of 3 sequential events in the past, aren't we bound to use past perfect for the event which took place first?

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2014, 14:37
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KC wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

We need correct parallelism. Injured and discharged need to be parallel

A) "was injured" and "AND was discharged" both use the same type of verb (past participle), preserving the same "form" of verbs is paramount for correct parallelism. Furthermore, the "and" before "discharged" indicates immediately that this option is correct because THREE verbs are being paralleled (joined.. was injured.. and was discharged..) all three have the same past participle. You ALWAYS have to add "and" to the third parallel when using >2 entities in your parallel structure.

B) "was injured" is not parallel to "while being discharged".. B is gone

C) "and" after injured is superflous, this creates redundancy when discharged brings up "and" again. Also, and prior to injured implies only joined and injured are parallel, but this is incorrect. C is gone

D) The past participle "injured" needs to have a was/were, depending on if the subject is singular or plural. Deborah is singular, so we need "was injured". Injured on its own creates a fragmented sentence. So D is wrong.

E) The first error that pops up is in fact not the the parallel, but the ending word "being". Being is often a red flag, in this case this present participle does not make sense since we are talking about a event that happened a long time ago and is not still going on. Other than that, "having been" does not nicely follow "joined" and thus the prallel structure is distorted. So E is gone.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2014, 11:02
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2014, 16:41
Mission2012 wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.

Hi @Mission2012,
First of all I am glad that you are viewing the sentence in its entirety and are not just focusing on the underlined portion of the sentence. Secondly, a verb-ing modifier and verb-ed modifier can definitely be parallel to each other. Please go through the article on this topic in the link below:
parallelism-imperfect-list-142791.html

Do let me know if you have any other questions.
Regards,
Payal
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 11:26
egmat wrote:
Mission2012 wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.

Hi @Mission2012,
First of all I am glad that you are viewing the sentence in its entirety and are not just focusing on the underlined portion of the sentence. Secondly, a verb-ing modifier and verb-ed modifier can definitely be parallel to each other. Please go through the article on this topic in the link below:
parallelism-imperfect-list-142791.html

Do let me know if you have any other questions.
Regards,
Payal

Hi Payal,

Though A is right choice and has a list, isn't this Q a case of single subject with many verbs?

e.g. She Joined the Army, was injured three times, and was discharged.

Could you please clarify if this is not a run on sentence? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
Ashish

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 12:59
Expert's post
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asagraw wrote:
Hi Payal,

Though A is right choice and has a list, isn't this Q a case of single subject with many verbs?

e.g. She Joined the Army, was injured three times, and was discharged.

Could you please clarify if this is not a run on sentence? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
Ashish

Hi Ashsish,

Thanks for posting you question here.

Yes, you are absolutely correct. This is certainly a question with single Subject that has multiple Verbs. And all the Verbs are part of a parallel list in which all the entities are perfectly connected to each other with the conjunction "and".

This is CERTAINLY NOT a run-on sentence. A sentence is called a run-on sentence when two Independent Clauses (ICs) are joined together just with a comma. For example: if we write this sentence in the following way, then it will be called a run-on sentence:

She joined the Army, she was injured three times.

Structurally this sentence is incorrect because a Comma CANNOT join two ICs.

You might have gotten confused about the run-on structure in this sentence because you probably thought that there are three clauses in this sentence because there are three verbs. But that's not the case. Every clause, be it Dependent or Independent, must have an exclusive SV pair. If a Subject has more than one Verb, then we still have ONE clause because the Verbs share the same Subject. In order to form two clauses, we need two exclusive SV pairs as we have in the run-on example sentence above.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2014, 08:30
You can eliminate B, C and E choices because they use the word "being" in the sentence.
There is no connecting word in option D.
22, [was] injured three times, and was discharged in
1783 because she was
It wrongly indicated that she injured

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2014, 09:50

The original sentence is grammatically correct in its statement of the fact that she was injured before being relieved from her duties because she wasn't physically fit to serve.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2015, 02:24
girikorat wrote:
Code:
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was

"and" is spoiling D

Hence going with A here

the verb "injured" spoiled (D) --> it should be "was injured" in passive voice.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2015, 23:41
This doubt could be fairly basic but I would really appreciate if someone could help me clear my concept. In the above question I understand that 3 verbs need to be parallel but why injured and discharged should appear with a helping verb while joined appears without a helping verb. How is parallelism maintained in this case. I really got confused with tense and verb basics.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2015, 09:50
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MarketingGuru wrote:
This doubt could be fairly basic but I would really appreciate if someone could help me clear my concept. In the above question I understand that 3 verbs need to be parallel but why injured and discharged should appear with a helping verb while joined appears without a helping verb. How is parallelism maintained in this case. I really got confused with tense and verb basics.

Hi! Parallelism does not require that a helping verb can only be parallel with another helping verb. For example, following would be correct:

MarketingGuru was inclined to specialize in Marketing, but later majored in Strategy.

was, a helping verb, is parallel to the non-helping verb majored.

In the sentence under consideration, Deborah Sampson was injured three times is correct, because we actually cannot remove was, since the meaning would be non-sensical: Deborah Sampson injured three times would non-sensically mean that Deborah Sampson injured <someone> three times. This is clearly not the intended meaning.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2015, 02:58
egmat wrote:
asagraw wrote:
Hi Payal,

Though A is right choice and has a list, isn't this Q a case of single subject with many verbs?

e.g. She Joined the Army, was injured three times, and was discharged.

Could you please clarify if this is not a run on sentence? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
Ashish

Hi Ashsish,

Thanks for posting you question here.

Yes, you are absolutely correct. This is certainly a question with single Subject that has multiple Verbs. And all the Verbs are part of a parallel list in which all the entities are perfectly connected to each other with the conjunction "and".

This is CERTAINLY NOT a run-on sentence. A sentence is called a run-on sentence when two Independent Clauses (ICs) are joined together just with a comma. For example: if we write this sentence in the following way, then it will be called a run-on sentence:

She joined the Army, she was injured three times.

Structurally this sentence is incorrect because a Comma CANNOT join two ICs.

You might have gotten confused about the run-on structure in this sentence because you probably thought that there are three clauses in this sentence because there are three verbs. But that's not the case. Every clause, be it Dependent or Independent, must have an exclusive SV pair. If a Subject has more than one Verb, then we still have ONE clause because the Verbs share the same Subject. In order to form two clauses, we need two exclusive SV pairs as we have in the run-on example sentence above.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ

Is the use of past perfect mandatory? Is the below sentence correct?
I was discharged from hospital because I felt better.
or past perfect is needed?

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2015, 02:51
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b2bt wrote:
Is the use of past perfect mandatory? Is the below sentence correct?
I was discharged from hospital because I felt better.
or past perfect is needed?

Hi b2bt, There is a slight difference between the current sentence and the one you have cited.

This is ok: I was discharged from hospital because I felt better. - Past

But this is not: I was discharged from hospital because I felt well for 10 days. - Past

What would be correct is: I was discharged from hospital because I had felt well for 10 days. – Past Perfect

Similarly, in the current sentence:

This is ok: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she was too ill to serve. - Past

But this is not: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she became too ill to serve. - Past

What would be correct is: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she had become too ill to serve. – Past Perfect

They key difference is obviously phrases such as for 10 days and become too ill, both of which indicate a process that started in the past and continued till the time that the other event in the past happened (the event of discharge in this case). This is when past perfect is used.

In any case, even if you thought that simple past was ok, and chose option D, hope it was clear that injured is used as a verb in option D, thereby suggesting that Deborah Sampson actually injured someone else; in reality, Deborah Sampson actually was injured. This meaning is not coming out in D.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Past perfect tense, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 23:07
Quoting Ron

Quote:
you can actually solve this problem on the basis of parallelism and verb form alone.
you have a SEQUENCE OF EVENTS, so they should be PARALLEL.
also, "was injured" and "was discharged" should be in the passive voice, since deborah sampson was the recipient (not the agent) of these actions.

so you need "joined..., was injured..., and was discharged...."
the only choice that does this is (a).

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2016, 09:50
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(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become --- correct choice

(B) 22 was injured three times while being discharged in 1783 because she had become -- meaning changed; it implies that she was injured during her discharge

(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being -- and was and discharged – lapse in parallelism
(D) 22, injured three times and was discharged in 1783 because she was –lapse in parallelism, not clear whether she injured or she was injured. Injured and was discharged is ungrammatical.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being -- having been …modifies her joining the army at 22, implying as though she joined the army because she was injured three times; being as a modifier is also incorrect.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2016, 01:13
This a perfect example to how little, one needs to do to get a correct answer in GMAT.
This sentence is laden with modifier and adjective phrases, which for all purposes can be removed and thus leaving us a clean easy sentence to analyse and correct.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shuttieff,Deborah Sampson , the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

Now the sentence become
Deborah Sampson joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
Correct :- injured and discharge are parallel. "Had become" is correct because first she become ill and then after a few days/weeks was discharged. When we have two past actions use to "had" is correct for the older action and simple past is used for newer actions.

(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
Wrong:- Meaning change. She did not become ill while she was being discharged.

(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- "being too ill to serve" is incorrect. Makes the voice passive.

(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
Wrong:- "injured three times" is incorrect. was injured three times should be correct.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- Tenses are all wrong; having, injured are not parallel. Sentence all sorts of problems.

SnehaC wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shuttieff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 becayse she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

Okay, my problem here is that I thought Deborah was injured as a RESULT of joining the continental army, so why would both events be parallel if they need a different point of emphasis? the OA says the answer is the first which places equal emphasis on all actions... Obviously, I interpreted the question wrong, but how can I avoid making a mistake like that?

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2016, 01:13
This a perfect example to how little, one needs to do to get a correct answer in GMAT.
This sentence is laden with modifier and adjective phrases, which for all purposes can be removed and thus leaving us a clean easy sentence to analyse and correct.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shuttieff,Deborah Sampson , the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

Now the sentence become
Deborah Sampson joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
Correct :- injured and discharge are parallel. "Had become" is correct because first she become ill and then after a few days/weeks was discharged. When we have two past actions use to "had" is correct for the older action and simple past is used for newer actions.

(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
Wrong:- Meaning change. She did not become ill while she was being discharged.

(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- "being too ill to serve" is incorrect. Makes the voice passive.

(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
Wrong:- "injured three times" is incorrect. was injured three times should be correct.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- Tenses are all wrong; having, injured are not parallel. Sentence all sorts of problems.

medusa0901 wrote:
36. Dressed as a man and using the name Robert
Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the fi rst woman to draw
a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in
1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and
was discharged in 1783 because she had become too
ill to serve.
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged
in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being
discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged
in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in
1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and
discharged in 1783, being

For choice E，is there any grammatical mistakes?
It sounds awkward but other than that, I couldnt find any errors.

OG says
E having been injured … indicates that all
Sampson’s injuries as well as her discharge
occurred in 1783.

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Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
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Kudos [?]: 365 [0], given: 36

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Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 647

Kudos [?]: 365 [1], given: 36

GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2016, 01:14
1
KUDOS
This a perfect example to how little, one needs to do to get a correct answer in GMAT.
This sentence is laden with modifier and adjective phrases, which for all purposes can be removed and thus leaving us a clean easy sentence to analyse and correct.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shuttieff,Deborah Sampson , the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

Now the sentence become
Deborah Sampson joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
Correct :- injured and discharge are parallel. "Had become" is correct because first she become ill and then after a few days/weeks was discharged. When we have two past actions use to "had" is correct for the older action and simple past is used for newer actions.

(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
Wrong:- Meaning change. She did not become ill while she was being discharged.

(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- "being too ill to serve" is incorrect. Makes the voice passive.

(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
Wrong:- "injured three times" is incorrect. was injured three times should be correct.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- Tenses are all wrong; having, injured are not parallel. Sentence all sorts of problems.

z3nith wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert
Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw
a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in
1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and
was discharged in 1783 because she had become
too
ill to serve.
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged
in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being
discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged
in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in
1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and
discharged in 1783, being

I am confused between A and E.
I am really not sure what does "having been injured" refers to ?

_________________

Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

Kudos [?]: 365 [1], given: 36

Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2016, 01:14

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