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# Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,

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Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Nov 2018, 00:22
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Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become

(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become

(C) 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being

(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

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Originally posted by KC on 23 Oct 2006, 20:11.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Nov 2018, 00:22, edited 5 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2018, 00:22
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Quote:
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become

I often hear people say that (A) isn’t parallel: “…Deborah Sampson… joined the Continental Army…, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783…” That’s actually completely fine: we have three parallel verbs, and they make perfect sense, since they are three actions that Sampson performed.

The objection is usually that the three verbs “aren’t in the same form” or “don’t sound the same.” Neither of those are legitimate objections. All that really matters is that they’re three verbs that logically are three actions performed by the subject of the clause. It’s not a problem that one is an action verb (“joined”) and the other two are states of being (“was injured” and “was discharged”).

The only other potential issue is the past perfect tense (“had become”) at the end of the sentence. We can only use past perfect tense to describe an action that happened in the past, but BEFORE some other past action, which is usually in simple past tense. And we have that: she “had become too ill too serve” before she “was discharged.”

So let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become

My biggest issue is with the phrase “while being discharged in 1783.” Literally, that seems to be saying that she simultaneously was discharged and was injured three times in 1783. And that makes no sense – there’s no way that those things can happen at the same exact time.

Plus, I think we would need an “and” somewhere in here: there are several actions, and at least two of them (“joined the Continental Army” and “was injured three times”) already seem to be parallel. So the “and” is necessary.

That’s enough to eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being

Now this is a weird mess. Sampson “joined the Continental Army… and was injured… and discharged…” Huh? First of all, those three actions (“joined”, “was injured”, and “was discharged”) are logically parallel to each other, so we only need one “and” – not two.

Second, it’s wrong to say that Sampson “discharged in 1783.” We could say that she WAS discharged from the Army, or I guess we could say that she “discharged a weapon” (a semi-obscure way to say that she fired it). But you wouldn’t just say that “Sampson… discharged.”

And “being” is also a mess. It seems to be trying to act as a modifier of some sort, but that’s rarely an acceptable use on the GMAT. (More on “being” here.)

So we have tons of reasons to ditch (C).

Quote:
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was

(D) isn’t too bad, but it doesn’t make sense to say that Sampson “injured three times.” You can say that she WAS injured three times, or maybe that she injured three enemy soldiers. But you can’t say that she “injured three times.”

And that’s enough to disqualify (D).

Quote:
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

Whenever you see a “having + verb” construction on the GMAT, it generally needs to be the first of two past actions. So you could say something like “having studied all night, Souvik collapsed on the sofa and watched three consecutive Marvel films.” In other words, he studied first, and then collapsed. Fair enough.

But in (E), it sounds like Sampson was injured and discharged first, and THEN she joined the Army. And that makes no sense at all.

We also have a problem with “being”, which is apparently being used as a modifier in (E) – and that’s a use that we almost never see on correct GMAT questions. “Being” isn’t always wrong on the GMAT, but it’s probably wrong here.

But even if you really love “being” in (E) for some inexplicable reason, we still have lots of reasons to eliminate (E). And we’re left with (A).
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2013, 11:44
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3
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to drawa soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

first of all i will say that verb-ed form is either acts as a verb or as a modifier

verb-ed -->this will act as a verb when subject itself does this (verb-ed thing) action ex: alex played well ....here played is acting as verb
verb-ed--->this will act as a modifier when this (verb-ed thing) is not done by the subject.

now coming to question
here the subject is Deborah Sampson
in the non underlined part it is written Deborah Sampson joined......here "joined" acts as a verb
in the underlined part it is written Deborah Sampson...was injured .....,and was discharged....so its list kind of thing x,y,and z therefore x,y,z should be parallel
..now----- joined ,was injured ,and was discharged are all verb so its parallel....
note if in place of was injured....only injured is written and in place of " was discharged "only discharged is written then in that case discharged and injured act as modifier as in option C,D,E.....HENCE it is not parallel to JOINED .....so it is wrong

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become(parallel so correct)
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become( meaning is wrong ..in this it means she was injured and discharged simultaneously...which is not the intended meaning)
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being(...here joined ,was injured are verb while discharged is modifier so non parallel therefore incorrect)
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was(again injured is not parallel.....so incorrect)
(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being( againg discharged is modifier and not verb ,...and therefore not parallel....also it means having been injured and discharged ..both actions are occuring together which is not correct.

hope it helps..
SKM
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2009, 20:27
2
2
|| lism is tested here..

Only A follows it, Hence, A.

joined ....was injured ..was discharged...

Always remember, what comes with the middle string in || lism , that should come in the final string..

Here, was is used with injured but not with joined..so, was should come with last string to follow || lism..
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2013, 22:43
2
2
thangvietnam wrote:
I agree that "D" is incorrect because "injured" should be "was injuredd"

but in A "had done" happens before "joined". this is not logic

why A can be correct? pls explain.

No, thats not the case over here. It is of supreme importance to understand the meaning before diving into Grammar. Remember, Grammar is nothing but a set of rules to communicate the meaning in a better way

So, what does the sentence talks about i.e Meaning : The sentence talks about a Deborah Sampson and defines a list of 3 items about her. What are they-
1- joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22,
2- was injured three times, and
3 - was discharged in 1783 because she had become too
ill to serve.

Now, had becomhe is used for doing the sequencing with the action "DISCHARGED", not with the ACTION "joined". If you are still in doubt, check the clause(clause C1) - "because she had become too ill to serve." --> This clause is Subordinate to the Clause (clause C2)- "Deborah was discharged"
i.e Clause C1 is working as an adverbial modifier of the Clause C2

i.e it gives the explanation to why Debrah was discharged, - answer is - because she had become too ill. - this shows that she was ill from a distant past, and then some time in the past(ofcourse after the first event), she got discharged.

Hence, Had become is used to show sequencing with the verb discharged.

Another thought -

was discharged in 1783 because she became too ill to serve. the meaning would have that both the events happened at the same time, and have the same importance.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 11:59
2
asagraw wrote:
Hi Payal,

Though A is right choice and has a list, isn't this Q a case of single subject with many verbs?

e.g. She Joined the Army, was injured three times, and was discharged.

Could you please clarify if this is not a run on sentence? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
Ashish

Hi Ashsish,

Thanks for posting you question here.

Yes, you are absolutely correct. This is certainly a question with single Subject that has multiple Verbs. And all the Verbs are part of a parallel list in which all the entities are perfectly connected to each other with the conjunction "and".

This is CERTAINLY NOT a run-on sentence. A sentence is called a run-on sentence when two Independent Clauses (ICs) are joined together just with a comma. For example: if we write this sentence in the following way, then it will be called a run-on sentence:

She joined the Army, she was injured three times.

Structurally this sentence is incorrect because a Comma CANNOT join two ICs.

You might have gotten confused about the run-on structure in this sentence because you probably thought that there are three clauses in this sentence because there are three verbs. But that's not the case. Every clause, be it Dependent or Independent, must have an exclusive SV pair. If a Subject has more than one Verb, then we still have ONE clause because the Verbs share the same Subject. In order to form two clauses, we need two exclusive SV pairs as we have in the run-on example sentence above.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2015, 08:50
2
MarketingGuru wrote:
This doubt could be fairly basic but I would really appreciate if someone could help me clear my concept. In the above question I understand that 3 verbs need to be parallel but why injured and discharged should appear with a helping verb while joined appears without a helping verb. How is parallelism maintained in this case. I really got confused with tense and verb basics.

Hi! Parallelism does not require that a helping verb can only be parallel with another helping verb. For example, following would be correct:

MarketingGuru was inclined to specialize in Marketing, but later majored in Strategy.

was, a helping verb, is parallel to the non-helping verb majored.

In the sentence under consideration, Deborah Sampson was injured three times is correct, because we actually cannot remove was, since the meaning would be non-sensical: Deborah Sampson injured three times would non-sensically mean that Deborah Sampson injured <someone> three times. This is clearly not the intended meaning.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2014, 13:37
1
KC wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

We need correct parallelism. Injured and discharged need to be parallel

A) "was injured" and "AND was discharged" both use the same type of verb (past participle), preserving the same "form" of verbs is paramount for correct parallelism. Furthermore, the "and" before "discharged" indicates immediately that this option is correct because THREE verbs are being paralleled (joined.. was injured.. and was discharged..) all three have the same past participle. You ALWAYS have to add "and" to the third parallel when using >2 entities in your parallel structure.

B) "was injured" is not parallel to "while being discharged".. B is gone

C) "and" after injured is superflous, this creates redundancy when discharged brings up "and" again. Also, and prior to injured implies only joined and injured are parallel, but this is incorrect. C is gone

D) The past participle "injured" needs to have a was/were, depending on if the subject is singular or plural. Deborah is singular, so we need "was injured". Injured on its own creates a fragmented sentence. So D is wrong.

E) The first error that pops up is in fact not the the parallel, but the ending word "being". Being is often a red flag, in this case this present participle does not make sense since we are talking about a event that happened a long time ago and is not still going on. Other than that, "having been" does not nicely follow "joined" and thus the prallel structure is distorted. So E is gone.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2015, 01:51
1
b2bt wrote:
Is the use of past perfect mandatory? Is the below sentence correct?
I was discharged from hospital because I felt better.
or past perfect is needed?

Hi b2bt, There is a slight difference between the current sentence and the one you have cited.

This is ok: I was discharged from hospital because I felt better. - Past

But this is not: I was discharged from hospital because I felt well for 10 days. - Past

What would be correct is: I was discharged from hospital because I had felt well for 10 days. – Past Perfect

Similarly, in the current sentence:

This is ok: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she was too ill to serve. - Past

But this is not: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she became too ill to serve. - Past

What would be correct is: Deborah Sampson was discharged because she had become too ill to serve. – Past Perfect

They key difference is obviously phrases such as for 10 days and become too ill, both of which indicate a process that started in the past and continued till the time that the other event in the past happened (the event of discharge in this case). This is when past perfect is used.

In any case, even if you thought that simple past was ok, and chose option D, hope it was clear that injured is used as a verb in option D, thereby suggesting that Deborah Sampson actually injured someone else; in reality, Deborah Sampson actually was injured. This meaning is not coming out in D.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Past perfect tense, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2016, 08:50
1
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become --- correct choice

(B) 22 was injured three times while being discharged in 1783 because she had become -- meaning changed; it implies that she was injured during her discharge

(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being -- and was and discharged – lapse in parallelism
(D) 22, injured three times and was discharged in 1783 because she was –lapse in parallelism, not clear whether she injured or she was injured. Injured and was discharged is ungrammatical.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being -- having been …modifies her joining the army at 22, implying as though she joined the army because she was injured three times; being as a modifier is also incorrect.

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2016, 00:14
1
This a perfect example to how little, one needs to do to get a correct answer in GMAT.
This sentence is laden with modifier and adjective phrases, which for all purposes can be removed and thus leaving us a clean easy sentence to analyse and correct.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shuttieff,Deborah Sampson , the first woman to draw a soldier's pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

Now the sentence become
Deborah Sampson joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
Correct :- injured and discharge are parallel. "Had become" is correct because first she become ill and then after a few days/weeks was discharged. When we have two past actions use to "had" is correct for the older action and simple past is used for newer actions.

(B) 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
Wrong:- Meaning change. She did not become ill while she was being discharged.

(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- "being too ill to serve" is incorrect. Makes the voice passive.

(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
Wrong:- "injured three times" is incorrect. was injured three times should be correct.

(E) 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being
Wrong:- Tenses are all wrong; having, injured are not parallel. Sentence all sorts of problems.

z3nith wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert
Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw
a soldier’s pension, joined the Continental Army in
1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and
was discharged in 1783 because she had become
too
ill to serve.
(A) 22, was injured three times, and was discharged
in 1783 because she had become
(B) 22, was injured three times, while being
discharged in 1783 because she had become
(C) 22 and was injured three times, and discharged
in 1783, being
(D) 22, injured three times, and was discharged in
1783 because she was
(E) 22, having been injured three times and
discharged in 1783, being

I am confused between A and E.
I am really not sure what does "having been injured" refers to ?

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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2018, 07:53
1
GMATNinja

Quote:
Whenever you see a “having + verb” construction on the GMAT, it generally needs to be the first of two past actions. So you could say something like “having studied all night, Souvik collapsed on the sofa and watched three consecutive Marvel films.” In other words, he studied first, and then collapsed. Fair enough.

Do we treat coma + having as a verb or as a noun modifier showing how / result of preceding clause?

I'm not 100% sure that I'm interpreting your question correctly, but you could think of "having + verb" as just another "-ing" modifier, in some sense. "Having studied all night, ______" -- well, the blank needs to be filled with somebody that studied all night before doing something else. Sure, "having + verb" has to describe the first of two actions, but that action also has to "make sense" with the noun that follows, just like the other "-ing" modifiers discussed in this article.

Does that help? And the example involving three consecutive Marvel films may or may not describe a real person.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2018, 20:36
1

What?! I mean, "Souvik" was just a randomly selected name. I mean, totally just a coincidence. Did you really think that souvik101990 is a hard-working movie lover?
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2018, 09:03
1
Hero8888 wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:

What?! I mean, "Souvik" was just a randomly selected name. I mean, totally just a coincidence. Did you really think that souvik101990 is a hard-working movie lover?

Hi, GMATNinja

Althought I chose A, as the best availble option, I have a doubt: the author listed 3 actions in the past, and in the end the author placed "a reason + past perfect". Isn't it can be read as "She did all these 3 actions because she had been ill"?
How can the problem be solved, of course, if it exists not only in my head, but also in a real world ? Thanks.

If you have a parallel construction with three actions separated by commas, there's no reason why we can't have a modifier at the end refer only to the last element. For example, "Souvik watched three Marvel movies on Thursday, played video games for nine consecutive hours on Friday, and called his doctor on Saturday because he couldn't get out of bed." Clearly, we're not suggesting that Souvik watched movies on Thursday because he couldn't get out of bed on Saturday! (But feel free to ask him about this if you'd like.)

If a writer wanted a modifier to refer to every element in a list, it would make more sense to place that modifier before the list. For example, "Because he couldn't get out of bed, Souvik did x, y, and z," would actually suggest that being unable to get out of bed was the cause of all three actions. The modifier placement dictates the meaning.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2013, 20:52
I agree that "D" is incorrect because "injured" should be "was injuredd"

but in A "had done" happens before "joined". this is not logic

why A can be correct? pls explain.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 02:09
1
Maybe experts can pitch in.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become- Verb sequencing is correct
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become- Changes the original meaning when it says 'while being discharged'
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being- Being ill to serve becomes a modifer and it should be close to the noun. Also being changes the meaning
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was- injured three times is a modifier or looks like. So hold it
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being- Same as C
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2014, 10:02
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2014, 15:41
Mission2012 wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.

Hi @Mission2012,
First of all I am glad that you are viewing the sentence in its entirety and are not just focusing on the underlined portion of the sentence. Secondly, a verb-ing modifier and verb-ed modifier can definitely be parallel to each other. Please go through the article on this topic in the link below:
parallelism-imperfect-list-142791.html

Do let me know if you have any other questions.
Regards,
Payal
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 10:26
egmat wrote:
Mission2012 wrote:
Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson, the first woman to draw a soldierâ€™s pension, joined the Continental Army in 1782 at the age of 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become too ill to serve.

A. 22, was injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she had become
B. 22, was injured three times, while being discharged in 1783 because she had become
C. 22, and was injured three times, and discharged in 1783, being
D. 22, injured three times, and was discharged in 1783 because she was
E. 22, having been injured three times and discharged in 1783, being

No problem with the underlined part of the sentence.

My question is on the opening modifier.

Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff

How come a verb-ed modifier parallel to verb-ing modifier.

Hi @Mission2012,
First of all I am glad that you are viewing the sentence in its entirety and are not just focusing on the underlined portion of the sentence. Secondly, a verb-ing modifier and verb-ed modifier can definitely be parallel to each other. Please go through the article on this topic in the link below:
parallelism-imperfect-list-142791.html

Do let me know if you have any other questions.
Regards,
Payal

Hi Payal,

Though A is right choice and has a list, isn't this Q a case of single subject with many verbs?

e.g. She Joined the Army, was injured three times, and was discharged.

Could you please clarify if this is not a run on sentence? Thanks for your help.

Regards,
Ashish
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Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,  [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2015, 22:41
This doubt could be fairly basic but I would really appreciate if someone could help me clear my concept. In the above question I understand that 3 verbs need to be parallel but why injured and discharged should appear with a helping verb while joined appears without a helping verb. How is parallelism maintained in this case. I really got confused with tense and verb basics.
Re: Dressed as a man and using the name Robert Shurtleff, Deborah Sampson,   [#permalink] 18 Jan 2015, 22:41

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