GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 01 Apr 2020, 01:31

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 648
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 28 Apr 2019, 06:31
2
37
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (01:42) correct 29% (01:56) wrong based on 1498 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as China's giant pandas.

(A) Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as

(B) Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined, making them many times more rare than

(C) There are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined, which makes the leopards many times more rare compared to

(D) Researchers have determined that, because of being poached and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, thus making them many more times as rare as

(E) Researchers have determined that, because of poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times more rare than

SC99250.01
Verbal Review 2020 NEW QUESTION

OA is E. My issue is that "their", as per my understanding, refers to "researchers", not to "leopards".
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks

https://www.economist.com/international/1998/01/08/noahs-ark-in-the-gulf

LUCKY the man who has seen an Arabian leopard in the wild. So hunted and so rare are these elusive beasts that few know that they ever existed, let alone survive today in their dwindling mountain habitats. Researchers believe that, thanks to persistent poaching and increased cultivation, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, making them many times more rare than China's boring old giant pandas.

Originally posted by noboru on 07 Jul 2010, 11:29.
Last edited by hazelnut on 28 Apr 2019, 06:31, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
Director
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 594
Location: United States
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Aug 2017, 20:57
3
1
Original sentence has "many times as rare as" which is the wrong usage. "as rare as" would be used to compare the rarity of 2 species. "many times" will be used to say one specie is more rare than other. "many times" and "as rare as" can't be used together.

A. wrong for above reason.
B. "Researchers have determined" comes very late in the sentence and the entire structure of the sentence is messed up
C. "many times more rare compared to " - wrong usage.
D. "being poached" and "increased cultivation" are not parallel.
E. correct.

The best way of checking the difference between “due to” and “because of” is by replacing the former with the phrase “cause by” and then rechecking. If the sentence makes sense, the usage is fine. If it doesn’t, then the answer choice is the one which contains “because of”.

For example :-

The dog was barking due to the night -> The dog was barking caused by the night. -> Makes no sense
The dog’s barking was due to the night -> The dog’s barking was caused by the night. -> Makes sense

In this question you can use the same process to get to the answer. However, the sentence contains other errors as well, because of which you will have to be wary of those as well.

A,B, C are straight out because of the use of “due to”

Between, D & E –> D uses “being” and them is “ambiguous”, "Because of" is immediately followed "by poaching" which still holds onto the structure.
_________________
Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Dec 2009
Posts: 340
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2010, 22:09
2
1
I agree... there MIGHT be some pronoun ambiguity here as "their" can refer to both researchers and leopards.

The thing is, when you use a pronoun to start a sentence (e.g., some intro modifying clause), usually the antecedent SHOULD be the first approprirate candidate noun.

For example,
Because she likes sports, Kelly is always seen playing tennis with Mary.

She refers to Kelly and not Mary (usually)...

Still, it's probably best to just redraft the sentence so there's no ambiguity.
Manager
Status: one more time
Joined: 05 Jul 2010
Posts: 63
Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V37
GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.48
WE: Web Development (Computer Software)
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jul 2010, 07:56
1
A and D say that researchers are poached ..so wrong...
B is wrong as after the "Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats," the subject must be present. Here it says there are..so B is wrong.

Idiom: more ..than ..is correct usage
In C it says "more rare compared to.." no than ..so wrong..

So E is correct.
Retired Moderator
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5420
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 30 Aug 2017, 22:11
1
Top Contributor
2
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as China's giant pandas.

A Quick Fix

A. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as -- modification problem. Th researchers seem to be suffering from poaching and cultivation in their own habitats

B. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined, making them many times more rare than -- looks as though the many times being more rare is caused by researchers and their determination.

C. There are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined, which makes the leopards many times more rare compared to --- which has no referent at all in the visibility

D. Researchers have determined that, because of being poached and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, thus making them many more times as rare as-- many times should be accompanied by 'than', not 'as'

E. Researchers have determined that, because of poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times more rare than -- The only one left
_________________
One-to-one video private sessions on SC +91 98845 44509, <newnaren@gmail.com>

Originally posted by daagh on 30 Aug 2017, 08:36.
Last edited by daagh on 30 Aug 2017, 22:11, edited 2 times in total.
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 832
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Nov 2019, 16:01
1
Tracy95 wrote:
Dear GMATNinja EMPOWERgmatVerbal

I have concern over the use of "many times as rare as" and "many times more rare than". I hope you could help enlighten me.

As far as I know, it's okay to say "this road is three times as long as that road". Thus I think it's also okay to say "leopards are many times as rare as pandas".
So either "many times more rare than" or "many times as rare as" is grammartically correct. Is my thinking correct?

Thank you

Hi Tracy95!

You are correct that using the phrases "as rare as" or "as long as" are grammatically correct.

However, they are not ALWAYS correct. It depends on what the meaning you're trying to convey.

The phrases "as rare as" or "as long as" are ONLY used to say that the 2 items are the same. If you're trying to say the 2 items are different, you cannot us "as many as" or "as long as."

So for this question, here is what we're dealing with:

"many times as rare as" = WRONG (The phrase "as rare as" would mean the 2 items are the same, but we start with "many times," which is a clue that the 2 items are not the same level of rare.)

"many times more rare than" = CORRECT (The phrase "more rare than" makes it clear to readers that the 2 items are different - one of them is many times MORE rare than the other.)

As far as I know, it's okay to say "this road is three times as long as that road".

NO, this is not grammatically correct. If you say that there is a 3x difference between the two roads, you CANNOT use "as long as." Remember - "as X as Y" only works if the 2 items are the same - and these two roads are different lengths. You must say "This road is three times longer than that road."

I hope that helps clear things up!
_________________
"Students study. GMAT assassins train."

The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★
Manager
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 184
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2010, 06:41
noboru wrote:
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats,
researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian
leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as
rare as
China's giant pandas.
A. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers
have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild,
and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as >>> "Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats" is modifying researchers and it seems that researchers have determined the given fact "due to poaching"
B. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are
fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined,
making them many times more rare than >>> "Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats" cannot modify "there are", also "making them" is wrong here..
C. There are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild due to poaching and
increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined,
which makes the leopards many times more rare compared to >>> "which" has improper reference and "their" has ambiguous reference
D. Researchers have determined that, because of being poached and increased
cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards
left in the wild, thus making them many more times as rare as >> "being poached" is not parallel to "increased
cultivation" and "them" has ambiguous antecedent

E. Researchers have determined that, because of poaching and increased
cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards
left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times more rare than >>> Not very great..but OK..

OA is E. My issue is that "their", as per my understanding, refers to "researchers", not to "leopards".
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks

For me Each sentence has some or the other issue and E seems best out of bunch...!!
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 529
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2010, 22:13
Researchers cannot have native habitats. So it should be leopards.

IMO : E
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2010
Posts: 70
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2010, 23:27
Whats wrong with B ...could not understand .........E also looks fine i am unable to choose the better .....
Manager
Joined: 20 Jul 2010
Posts: 71
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2010, 09:18
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats,
researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian
leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as
rare as
China's giant pandas.

A. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers
have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild,
and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as
modifier applies to researchers

B. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are
fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined,
making them many times more rare than
modifier incorrectly used

C. There are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild due to poaching and
increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined,
which makes the leopards many times more rare compared to
awkward creation

D. Researchers have determined that, because of being poached and increased
cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards
left in the wild, thus making them many more times as rare as
"determined that because - awkward construction & use of being"

E. Researchers have determined that, because of poaching and increased
cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards
left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times more rare than

OA is E. My issue is that "their", as per my understanding, refers to "researchers", not to "leopards".
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks[/quote]

Solution: IMO E..
Director
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 719
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Aug 2010, 12:09
E for me.

Researchers have determined that, because of poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times more rare than China's giant pandas.

Manager
Joined: 25 Sep 2015
Posts: 99
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V37
GPA: 3.26
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jan 2016, 11:52
noboru wrote:
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as China's giant pandas.

A. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as
B. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined, making them many times more rare than
C. There are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined, which makes the leopards many times more rare compared to
D. Researchers have determined that, because of being poached and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, thus making them many more times as rare as
E. Researchers have determined that, because of poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times more rare than

OA is E. My issue is that "their", as per my understanding, refers to "researchers", not to "leopards".
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks

A - Modifies researchers wrong.
B - Don't know what it modifies. Ambiguity wrong
C - Construction error - Researchers have determined is in the middle of the sentence
D- being poached Wrong
E - correct. Their habitat cannot refer to researchers.
Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2016
Posts: 80
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V29
GMAT 2: 710 Q49 V37
GPA: 3.5
WE: Other (Education)
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Aug 2017, 20:46
Hi daagh

Is the usage 'many times rare than' right? Shouldn't it be rarer than and not rare?
I felt that is awkward and hence eliminated E.
Retired Moderator
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5420
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Aug 2017, 22:15
Top Contributor
True. But 'rarer than' is not given in any of the options. E seems to be the best of the bad boys.
_________________
One-to-one video private sessions on SC +91 98845 44509, <newnaren@gmail.com>
Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2454
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2017, 02:25
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as China's giant pandas.

A. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as - Idiom error many times as rare as ; also the sentence means that researchers are due to poaching and increased cultivation in their habitats
B. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined, making them many times more rare than- researchers have determined usage at the end is incomplete; also we can't join 2 independent clause using, only
C. There are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined, which makes the leopards many times more rare compared to - Pronoun which has no referent
D. Researchers have determined that, because of being poached and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, thus making them many more times as rare as - Idiom error many more times as rare as
E. Researchers have determined that, because of poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times more rare than - Correct

_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
VP
Joined: 14 Feb 2017
Posts: 1373
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 560 Q41 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q43 V23
GMAT 3: 650 Q47 V33
GMAT 4: 650 Q44 V36
GMAT 5: 650 Q48 V31
GMAT 6: 600 Q38 V35
GMAT 7: 710 Q47 V41
GPA: 3
WE: Management Consulting (Consulting)
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2019, 17:02
1
Split 1 - replace "due to" with caused by and see if the sentence makes sense
--> eliminate (A), (B) and (C)

Split 2 - "as rare as" vs "many times more rare than"
As rare as = the same level of rarity
more rare than = greater rarity e.g. X is 100x more Rare than Y; therefore X = 101Y and 101Y > Y
_________________
Here's how I went from 430 to 710, and how you can do it yourself:
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Mar 2017
Posts: 260
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Marketing
GPA: 3.6
WE: Marketing (Hospitality and Tourism)
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2019, 00:16
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats,
researchers have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian
leopards left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times as
rare as China's giant pandas.

A. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers
have determined that there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild,
and that these leopards are thus many times as rare as
modifier applies to researchers

B. Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are
fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined,
making them many times more rare than
modifier incorrectly used

C. There are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild due to poaching and
increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined,
which makes the leopards many times more rare compared to
awkward creation

D. Researchers have determined that, because of being poached and increased
cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards
left in the wild, thus making them many more times as rare as
"determined that because - awkward construction & use of being"

E. Researchers have determined that, because of poaching and increased
cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards
left in the wild, and that these leopards are thus many times more rare than

Solution: IMO E.
Director
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 985
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2019, 03:30
look at choice e.

normally, we see that "because of doing" is wrong. in this wrong case, doing refers to subject of the main clause. "because of" , a preposition , can not stand before a participle as some preposition.

in choice e, "poaching" work as a noun/gerund, which dose not refers to any noun/subject in the main clause. "because of" can stand before a noun, and so, choice e is correct.
Intern
Joined: 10 Sep 2019
Posts: 2
Re: Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2019, 17:29
Hi,
May I say there is a comma splice in (B) and (C)？

(B) Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, there are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild, researchers have determined, making them many times more rare than

(C) There are fewer than 100 Arabian leopards left in the wild due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, researchers have determined, which makes the leopards many times more rare compared to
Manager
Joined: 07 Sep 2019
Posts: 116
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Marketing, Strategy
WE: Brand Management (Consumer Products)
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2019, 23:52
Dear GMATNinja EMPOWERgmatVerbal

I have concern over the use of "many times as rare as" and "many times more rare than". I hope you could help enlighten me.

As far as I know, it's okay to say "this road is three times as long as that road". Thus I think it's also okay to say "leopards are many times as rare as pandas".
So either "many times more rare than" or "many times as rare as" is grammartically correct. Is my thinking correct?

Thank you
_________________
--- One day you will thank yourself for not giving up ---
Due to poaching and increased cultivation in their native habitats, re   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2019, 23:52
Display posts from previous: Sort by