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due to vs because

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Manager
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Joined: 21 Feb 2010
Posts: 206

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 1

due to vs because [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2010, 09:37
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

50% (00:57) correct 50% (01:55) wrong based on 22 sessions

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hi all,
here is the question...


In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the
Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for
cleaning and repair due to moisture exhaled by
tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so
that salt from the stone was crystallizing and fungus
was growing on the walls.
(A) due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which
raised its humidity to such levels so that salt
from the stone was crystallizing
(B) due to moisture that tourists had exhaled,
thereby raising its humidity to such levels that
salt from the stone would crystallize
(C) because tourists were exhaling moisture, which
had raised the humidity within them to levels
such that salt from the stone would crystallize
(D) because of moisture that was exhaled by
tourists raising the humidity within them to levels
so high as to make the salt from the stone
crystallize
(E) because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised
the humidity within them to such levels that salt
from the stone was crystallizing

this is about parallelism, what's the difference bwtween "due to" and "because"? thanks!

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VP
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Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1471

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Re: due to vs because [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2010, 14:01
In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for
cleaning and repair due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so
that salt from the stone was crystallizing
and fungus was growing on the walls.

(A) due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing - 'which' is incorrectly refering to 'tourists'
(B) due to moisture that tourists had exhaled, thereby raising its humidity to such levels that salt from the stone would crystallize - 'would' is incorrect here
(C) because tourists were exhaling moisture, which had raised the humidity within them to levels such that salt from the stone would crystallize - 'would' is incorrect here
(D) because of moisture that was exhaled by tourists raising the humidity within them to levels so high as to make the salt from the stone crystallize
(E) because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised the humidity within them to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing - CORRECT

Kudos [?]: 790 [0], given: 6

Manager
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Joined: 21 Feb 2010
Posts: 206

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 1

Re: due to vs because [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2010, 15:11
what's diference b/w due to and because?

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Manager
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Re: due to vs because [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2010, 17:35
Due to means "caused by". So we can use DUE TO where we can replace it by caused by.

The game was postponed due to rain --
this is incorrect because if you try to replace due to by caused by, the sentence becomes
The game was postponed caused by rain -- which doesn't make sense.

the correct sentence will be
The postponement of the game was due to (caused by) rain

if you want to use because of you can write
The game was postponed because of rain

Now coming to the question

In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for cleaning and repair due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing and fungus was growing on the walls.

(A) due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so that salt from the stone was crystallizing -- misplaced modifier and also due to is wrong.
(B) due to moisture that tourists had exhaled,thereby raising its humidity to such levels that salt from the stone would crystallize-- due to is wrong as it cannot be replaced by caused by. Giza were closed to visitors for cleaning and repair caused by moisture exhaled by tourists, -- it means cleaning and repair are caused by moisture
(C) because tourists were exhaling moisture, which had raised the humidity within them to levels such that salt from the stone would crystallize-- it is not || with fungus was growing on the walls
(D) because of moisture that was exhaled by tourists raising the humidity within them to levels so high as to make the salt from the stone crystallize -- same as C
(E) because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised the humidity within them to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing-- CORRECT || with fungus was growing on the walls and we are using because

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 11

Current Student
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Joined: 15 Jul 2010
Posts: 246

Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42
Re: due to vs because [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2010, 19:43
According to MGMAT.

Due to means either results from or resulting from.

The deficit is DUE TO overspending (=results from)
Our policy will not cover damage DUE TO fire (=resulting from)

A. The chambers were closed for cleaning and repair due to moisture. (= repair resulting from moisture)

E. The chambers were closed for cleaning and repair because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised
the humidity within them to such levels that salt from the stone was crystallizing.

E clearly is the winner here
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Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 15 Jul 2010
Posts: 246

Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42
Re: due to vs because [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2010, 19:44
Also noticed that this was the 6th Q of OG 12
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Consider KUDOS if my post was helpful. :-D

My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/750-q49v42-105591.html#p825487

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Manager
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Re: due to vs because [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2013, 00:56
Yes E is the correct answer here...
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'The best way to thank or appreciate efforts on this forum is to give Kudos.'

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 11

Re: due to vs because   [#permalink] 30 May 2013, 00:56
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