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# During the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private

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During the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2005, 19:37
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During the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country's debt-ridden economy.

A. During the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added
B. During the 1980's it is estimated that approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added
C. It is estimated that there was approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980's and added
D. It is estimated that during the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding
E. Approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980's, adding

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Manager
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24 Dec 2005, 19:45
The and added in A does not explain the cause and effect properly. So is the case with B and C. Between D and E, my choice is D. As having left in E does not sound right. Not sure though.

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24 Dec 2005, 19:52
I will gp for C

A. During the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added

B. During the 1980's it is estimated that approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added

C. It is estimated that there was approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980's and added

D. It is estimated that during the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding

E. Approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980's, adding

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VP
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24 Dec 2005, 20:48
Desparate D for me too.

Agree with plsubbu's explanation for A/B/C

In E "estimated as having left" is incorrect use of -ing.
"estimated to have left" would be better.
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24 Dec 2005, 22:01
Will go with D. Cause and effect requires "adding"
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24 Dec 2005, 22:43
I go with D for
1. Parallelism estimated......left
2. "ing" form introduces action, that is simultaneous with main clause

D. It is estimated that during the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding

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25 Dec 2005, 00:01
A. During the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added ==> Use of 'is estimated' is unidiomatic

B. During the 1980's it is estimated that approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added ==> "added" is awkward

C. It is estimated that there was approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980's and added ==> Awkward construction

D. It is estimated that during the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding ==> Correct! Use of "It is" is idiomatic, plus the use of 'adding' to show cause/effect

E. Approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980's, adding[/quote] ==> 'as having' is awkward
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25 Dec 2005, 10:03
OA is D.

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29 Dec 2011, 12:35
plsubbu wrote:
The and added in A does not explain the cause and effect properly. So is the case with B and C. Between D and E, my choice is D. As having left in E does not sound right. Not sure though.

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Re:   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2011, 12:35
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# During the 1980's approximately \$50 billion in private

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