It is currently 23 Sep 2017, 06:14

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# During the 1980s approximately \$50 billion in private

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1513

Kudos [?]: 978 [0], given: 1

During the 1980s approximately \$50 billion in private [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2008, 09:23
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (00:32) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 14 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

During the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.

(A) During the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added

(B) During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added

(C) It is estimated that there was approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980’s and added

(D) It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding

(E) Approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980’s, adding

I chose B, but it's not correct. would someone please explain to me what is this question really testing? some grammatical explanation for your given answer would be super! also, what's wrong with B? thanks

Kudos [?]: 978 [0], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 01 Sep 2007
Posts: 98

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 0

Location: Astana
Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2008, 12:55
i would pick D. no particular explanation, just intuitively.

B looks flawed because

During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2554

Kudos [?]: 500 [0], given: 0

Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2008, 13:39
tarek99 wrote:
During the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.

(A) During the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added

(B) During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added

(C) It is estimated that there was approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980’s and added

(D) It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding

(E) Approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980’s, adding

I chose B, but it's not correct. would someone please explain to me what is this question really testing? some grammatical explanation for your given answer would be super! also, what's wrong with B? thanks

Its ok to being a sentence with it so D is my answer.

Also notice that the phrase "It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico" is modifying the rest of the sentence or in this case intensifying then strain on the economy.

E: is awkward.

Kudos [?]: 500 [0], given: 0

SVP
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1513

Kudos [?]: 978 [0], given: 1

Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2008, 15:45
thanks a lot guys! i really appreciate it. the OA is D.

Kudos [?]: 978 [0], given: 1

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Oct 2009
Posts: 591

Kudos [?]: 430 [0], given: 412

GMAT 1: 530 Q47 V17
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
WE: Business Development (Telecommunications)
Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Mar 2010, 01:33
Can someone explain the prob with A

Kudos [?]: 430 [0], given: 412

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1480

Kudos [?]: 732 [0], given: 6

Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2010, 09:09
Option (A) - During the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added - \$50 billion is singular - so have is not needed. also uage os present perfect is incorrect.

Kudos [?]: 732 [0], given: 6

Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 348

Kudos [?]: 1592 [2], given: 11

Location: San Francisco
Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2010, 20:49
2
KUDOS
Hey All,

Just wanted to weigh in on this one quickly. You've all arrived at the right answer, but there's been some misinformation spread about why some of the answer choices are wrong. Let's look at them one by one.

During the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.

The two major issues here are Modifiers and Parallelism. If you don't see that...it's time to buy the MGMAT SC guide! : )

(A) During the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added
PROBLEMS:

MODIFIER: Prepositional phrases will often be bounced around sentences. This will necessarily change the meaning. DO NOT think that it doesn't matter where these prepositional phrases go. The phrase here is "During the 1980s" which is modifying the verb "is estimated" in this answer choice. But the estimation didn't happen during the 1890s, the money left during the 1980s. ALSO, the word "have" is not incorrect. It is neither singular nor plural, but part of the infinitive form "to have".

PARALLEL: The capital did not "leave Mexico" and "add strain". The FACT that money disappeared added strain, not the money itself.

(B) During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added

PROBLEMS:

MODIFIER: Same as A.

PARALLEL: Same as A.

(C) It is estimated that there was approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980’s and added

PROBLEMS:

MODIFIER: This issue is fixed because the "during the 1980's" comes AFTER the estimation now.

PARALLEL: Same as A.

(D) It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding

MODIFIER: This issue is fixed, because the "during the 1980s" comes AFTER the word estimated now.

PARALLEL: Instead of keeping capital as the subject of the verb "add", we've changed the verb "add" to the participle/modifier "adding", which modifies the FACT that the money left Mexico. This is what we were looking for all along.

(E) Approximately \$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980’s, adding

MODIFIER: During the 198s is okay.

PARALLEL: "adding" is oka.

IDIOM: You have to say "estimate to", not "estimate as" or even "estimate at".

Hope that helps!

-tommy
_________________

Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 1592 [2], given: 11

Manager
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 221

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 38

Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2010, 08:35
Thanks Tommy. Very useful post.

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 38

Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2010
Posts: 240

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 16

Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Apr 2010, 03:28
D
If I look at the meaning I would say that "adding/added" happened after "left." An effect--that lingered for a while and took longer to show up in the statistics -- would be better served by participle modifier.
Confusing? Sorry...Tommy has clearer explanation.

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 16

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10176

Kudos [?]: 254 [0], given: 0

Re: During the 1980s approximately \$50 billion in private [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Feb 2015, 00:16
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 254 [0], given: 0

Re: During the 1980s approximately \$50 billion in private   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2015, 00:16
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 During the 1980s it became clear that soliciting private 2 14 Jul 2012, 08:06
1 During the 1980s it became clear that soliciting private 9 18 Oct 2016, 09:07
During the 1980s approximately \$50 billion in private 4 21 Mar 2017, 02:46
4 During the 1980s approximately \$50 billion in private 3 02 Feb 2016, 18:51
5 During the 1980s approximately \$50 billion in private 5 02 Feb 2016, 19:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# During the 1980s approximately \$50 billion in private

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.