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# During the early years of European settlement on a continent

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VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1373

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During the early years of European settlement on a continent [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2008, 04:55
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. During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as "wilderness" by the
newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land. were a help in the rescuing of
many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.
(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of
139
(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue
of
(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue
(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land. Native Americans helped the rescue of
(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescuez

Which is better E or C?
I personally felt E since no seperation of subject and verb
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Manager
Joined: 16 Jan 2008
Posts: 102

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 6

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21 Oct 2008, 06:32
C is correct

always prefer a noun over gerund, ' knowledge ' is prefferrable over knowing, A and E are gone.
B sounds awkward.

C is precise and takes care of modifiers correctly in such a long sentence.

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VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1402

Kudos [?]: 451 [0], given: 1

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21 Oct 2008, 13:23
spriya wrote:
. During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as "wilderness" by the
newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land. were a help in the rescuing of
many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.
(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of
139
(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue
of
(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue
(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land. Native Americans helped the rescue of
(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescuez

Which is better E or C?
I personally felt E since no seperation of subject and verb

C is my choice. If you take out the dependent clause and read the whole sentence, it still makes sense.

E seems to have misplaced modifiers by moving native Americans to the end and placing knowing right after newcomers

Kudos [?]: 451 [0], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 15 Oct 2008
Posts: 104

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0

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21 Oct 2008, 14:26
spriya wrote:
. During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as "wilderness" by the
newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land. were a help in the rescuing of
many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.
(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of
139
(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue
of
(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue
(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land. Native Americans helped the rescue of
(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescuez

Which is better E or C?
I personally felt E since no seperation of subject and verb

I chose C. After "during....newcomers," you need a Subject "Native Americans" to start the main clause. E puts the Subject too far away.

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0

VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1373

Kudos [?]: 430 [0], given: 0

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21 Oct 2008, 21:29
icandy wrote:
spriya wrote:
. During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as "wilderness" by the
newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land. were a help in the rescuing of
many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.
(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of
139
(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue
of
(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue
(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land. Native Americans helped the rescue of
(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescuez

Which is better E or C?
I personally felt E since no seperation of subject and verb

C is my choice. If you take out the dependent clause and read the whole sentence, it still makes sense.

E seems to have misplaced modifiers by moving native Americans to the end and placing knowing right after newcomers

Exactly !!! we should read the complete sentence to get to the answer thoiugh i did not do this !! so got E

now funda is .. we always think subject verb should as close as possible ,hence E seems correct as in it says NA helped to rescue
where as C disobeys saying :
NA,....,helped to rescue !!!

but if we go for E then newcomers ,knowing about the land,NA helped .....

is the modifier with newcomers or NA ....ambiguity ->GMAT poison !!
hence OUT
Only C sounds logical !!!
OA is C
thanks guys !!!great posting !!!
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Re: sc-modifiers   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2008, 21:29
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# During the early years of European settlement on a continent

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