During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by

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During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2009, 12:53
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266. During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(A) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(B) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933.
(C) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell by almost fifty percent from its 1929 peak down to its 1933 nadir.
(D) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929, by nearly fifty percent, to it nadir in 1933.
(E) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933 by nearly fifty percent.

Explain plz?
If you have any questions
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03 Nov 2009, 17:20
(A) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(B) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933.
(C) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell by almost fifty percent from its 1929 peak down to its 1933 nadir.
(D) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929, by nearly fifty percent, to it nadir in 1933.
(E) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933 by nearly fifty percent.

At first look, answers C and D stand out because of their intro phrases. These intros are too wordy to replace "during," and thats why they are wrong.

Now look at A and B. The only difference is the word "down." This word is repetitive bc the output didnt fall up, so it looks like a common trick.

Now the choice is btw B and E.
A)fell by nearly 50% from its peak in 29 to its nadir in 33
E)fell from its peak in 29 to its nadir in 33 by %50
A and E contain the same 2 phrases in different orders:
1)from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 33=prepositional phrase
2)by nearly 50%=prepositional phrase
I have to go with gut feeling here and I would go with B. It sounds better to fall by... from.... to...

so I guess my final answer is B

Last edited by Gogoplata on 03 Nov 2009, 17:37, edited 1 time in total.
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03 Nov 2009, 18:15
Except A & E all other options can be eliminated.

Between A & E

I feel in option A fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.

is a bit awkward

ill choose E
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03 Nov 2009, 18:30
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papillon86 wrote:
266. During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(A) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(B) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933.
(C) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell by almost fifty percent from its 1929 peak down to its 1933 nadir.
(D) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929, by nearly fifty percent, to it nadir in 1933.
(E) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933 by nearly fifty percent.

Explain plz?

B

Idiom/ Parallel construction

Idiom: From X to Y
X and Y should be parallel

(B) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933.

Here by nearly fifty percent is modifier for fell, so they should be together.

B is right.

Last edited by swatirpr on 04 Nov 2009, 05:30, edited 1 time in total.
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03 Nov 2009, 20:22
B.
I ruled out everything except B and E.
For me, "fell by 50% from ....to" is better than "fell from...to... by 50%"
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03 Nov 2009, 21:23
IMO B.
It is the best option available...
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03 Nov 2009, 21:38
+1 for B(Idiom from X to Y and parallelism i.e. its x to its y)

Apart from it in A and D ,fell and down both are used so these 2 can be eliminated on basis of repetitive usage.

C & E Awkward usuage.

Whats OA??
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04 Nov 2009, 08:11
Its between B & E.
In E the modifier for fell is removed from it. So wrong.

B IMO.
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04 Nov 2009, 08:52
E just dont sound as good as B

B is my choice
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04 Nov 2009, 09:23
Don't think there's anything wrong with E or B. Going to go with B though since it flows more smoothly.
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04 Nov 2009, 10:37
11MBA wrote:
Don't think there's anything wrong with E or B. Going to go with B though since it flows more smoothly.

(B) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933.

Here by nearly fifty percent is modifier for fell, so they should be together.

So you can eliminate E and keep B.
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14 Jan 2013, 03:39
speeddeamon wrote:
Its between B & E.
In E the modifier for fell is removed from it. So wrong.

B IMO.

I was also stuck between B & E ... but I chose E since I thought fell from A to B by fifty% was right ...

Can you explain what is wrong with E??
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Re: During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2013, 23:47
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Hi Roopika,

Option E is not exactly incorrect; however the placement of "fell by fifty percent" makes it awkward.

In the absence of Option B you may mark E as the correct answer. B is better in construction.

See the example below:

(A) My score increased from 50 to 75 by fifty percent.
(B) My score increased by fifty percent from 50 to 75.

Which one would you say is better? It may sound awkward to you but in (A) the sentence looks incomplete in thought (by fifty percent of what)

(B) expresses the thought precisely without any ambiguity or awkwardness.

Hope it helps.

Vercules
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Re: During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 02:12
papillon86 wrote:
266. During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(A) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(B) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933.
(C) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell by almost fifty percent from its 1929 peak down to its 1933 nadir.
(D) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929, by nearly fifty percent, to it nadir in 1933.
(E) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933 by nearly fifty percent.

Explain plz?

Doesn't option B carry a redudancy frm its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933.
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Re: During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 03:41
Hi bhatgmat,

I think you mean to say that the second "its" in choice B is redundant, it's not.

Dropping its would make the meaning somewhat ambiguous (nadir of what?); moreover "its" is used in every answer choice so you need not worry about it while choosing the correct answer.

You will get the same effect if you drop the first "its" -- from peak in 1929. Again the sentence would shout for "peak of what?"

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Re: During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 09:49
266. During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(A) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 down to its nadir in 1933.
(B) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by nearly fifty percent from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933.
(C) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell by almost fifty percent from its 1929 peak down to its 1933 nadir.
(D) At the time of the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929, by nearly fifty percent, to it nadir in 1933.
(E) During the Great Depression, industrial output fell from its peak in 1929 to its nadir in 1933 by nearly fifty percent.

I chose B since it is the most logical answer...
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Re: During the Great Depression, industrial output fell by   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2013, 09:49
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