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During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded

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During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 05:41
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A
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During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded all the ports of France, and also prevented Napoleon to escape to North America after his defeat at Waterloo.

A. and also prevented Napoleon to escape
B. and they prevented Napoleon from escaping
C. thereby preventing Napoleon from escaping
D. which is how they prevented Napoleon from escaping
E. with the purpose of preventing Napoleon to escape

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Re: During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 06:29
my take would be C because of conciseness and clarity.
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Re: During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 07:10
aragonn wrote:
During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded all the ports of France, and also prevented Napoleon to escape to North America after his defeat at Waterloo.

A. and also prevented Napoleon to escape
B. and they prevented Napoleon from escaping
C. thereby preventing Napoleon from escaping
D. which is how they prevented Napoleon from escaping
E. with the purpose of preventing Napoleon to escape

Correct Answer must be (C) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Re: During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 00:34
POE as follows,

A. and also prevented Napoleon to escape : Keep A

B. and they prevented Napoleon from escaping : 'They' is wrong. Army is collective singular noun.

C. thereby preventing Napoleon from escaping : Keep C

D. which is how they prevented Napoleon from escaping : Same as B

E. with the purpose of preventing Napoleon to escape : Unnecessarily wordy


A and C reamins. And also is not always wrong. it is used for emphasis sometimes. but here this is not the case.
blockaded and prevented is given parallel in A but that is not necessary.
',preventing' is right because it is giving sense of cause and effect and it is clarifying meaning.

C is the clear winner here.
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Re: During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 02:16
A. the Royal British Navy blockaded ...., and also prevented - comma before and unnecessary for listing two verbs blockaded and prevented. cause and effect relation ship not clear.
B. and they prevented Napoleon from escaping - they has no clear antecedent
C. thereby preventing Napoleon from escaping - cause and effect relationship clear in this sentence, preventing modifying preceding clause-CORRECT
D. which is how they prevented Napoleon from escaping - which modifying France,they has no clear antecedent
E. with the purpose of preventing Napoleon to escape - Preventing from is correct idiom...
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Re: During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 02:29
aragonn wrote:
During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded all the ports of France, and also prevented Napoleon to escape to North America after his defeat at Waterloo.

A. and also prevented Napoleon to escape
B. and they prevented Napoleon from escaping
C. thereby preventing Napoleon from escaping
D. which is how they prevented Napoleon from escaping
E. with the purpose of preventing Napoleon to escape


A- use of and also- redundancy. if we avoid also the sentence would still stand correct. In most GMAT sentences and also is wrong. And and also have same use in this sentence.

B- Use of they....Navy is 'collective' singular and so the pronoun IT should be used.

C- Correct- This option correctly weaves the consequence of the action and is succinct.

D- which can not refer to the whole sentence, it needs a definite noun to refer to- the antecedent of which is not clear. Although which can refer to the Navy but that is not the case here. Also in GMAT , which refers to the closest noun.

E- Wordy and nonsensical.

Hope above helps and C is the correct option. Will wait for the OA.

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Re: During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 06:38

Official Explanation


A question about Napoleon and his Hundred Days conflict.

Split #1: Idiom

The verb “prevent” always idiomatically takes “from” + [gerund]. The structure “to prevent from escaping” is correct, and the structure “to prevent to escape” is always wrong. Choices (A) & (E) make this idiom mistake and are incorrect.

Split #2: Pronoun Agreement

The Royal British Navy has a large number of strapping brave lads, but as a noun it is a singular collective noun and it requires a singular pronoun. The use of “they” in (B) & (D) is incorrect.

The “thereby” + [participle] structure is a sophisticated structure for expressing the consequence of an action.

The only possible choice is (C).
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Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

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My Notes:
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Re: During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded &nbs [#permalink] 21 Sep 2018, 06:38
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During the Hundred Days conflict, the Royal British Navy blockaded

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