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# During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents

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Senior CR Moderator
Status: Long way to go!
Joined: 10 Oct 2016
Posts: 1378
Location: Viet Nam
During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2017, 19:02
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (00:29) correct 20% (00:30) wrong based on 125 sessions

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During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents were surprised to learn that his blood type was O negative, as their blood types are each B positive.

A. was
C. has been
D. is
E. was being

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Re: During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents  [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2017, 08:11
broall wrote:
During the infant’s first physical examlast week, the parents were surprised to learn that his blood type was O negative, as their blood types are each B positive.

A. was
C. has been
D. is
E. was being

Blood group of an individual can not change in a week, hence , correct answer must be (D)
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Re: During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents  [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2017, 08:44
broall wrote:
During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents were surprised to learn that his blood type was O negative, as their blood types are each B positive.

A. was - Blood type was O -ve so now did it change?
B. had been - Past Perfect can be used when something happened before something in the past
C. has been - Present perfect is used for something that started in the past and touches the present
D. is - Simple present (something that is generally or always true)
E. was being - unidiomatic

Blood type will always be the same. Hence the tense is shows this clearly.

Option D
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 50619
Re: During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents  [#permalink]

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24 May 2018, 22:56
broall wrote:
During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents were surprised to learn that his blood type was O negative, as their blood types are each B positive.

A. was
C. has been
D. is
E. was being

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

With only one word underlined in this problem, the decision point is obvious: tense. In (A) and (E) you have two versions of the past tense (simple past and past continuous); in (B), you have the past perfect tense and in (C) the present perfect tense; in (D) the present tense. While the verb starting the sentence is in the past tense (were), the verb commanded by “blood type” cannot logically be in the past, even though it might seem appropriate. Why? Blood types don’t change! Whenever you are referencing something that is constant or a universal truth, use the present tense. If you say “was” in this case, it somehow implies that it could be different now and this is nonsensical. The perfect tenses in (B) and (C) are even less logical and the “was being” is clearly incorrect – the “being” is redundant and the past tense of any kind is illogical as explained above. Correct answer is (D). Note the hint given by the non-underlined portion – “their blood types are each…” in making this decision.
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Re: During the infant’s first physical exam last week, the parents &nbs [#permalink] 24 May 2018, 22:56
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