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During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was

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27 Nov 2012, 02:17
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During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was a major financial sponsor of painting and sculpture in France; sponsorship by private individuals had decreased dramatically by this time. Because the academy discouraged innovation in the arts, there was little innovation in nineteenth century French sculpture. Yet nineteenth century French painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation

Which one of the following, if true, most helps to
explain the difference between the amount of
innovation in French painting and the amount of
innovation in French sculpture during the nineteenth
century

(A) In France in the nineteenth century, the French
academy gave more of its financial support to
painting than it did to sculpture.

(B) The French academy in the nineteenth century
financially supported a greater number of
sculptors than painters, but individual painters
received more support, on average, than
individual sculptors.

(C) Because stone was so much more expensive
than paint and canvas, far more unsponsored
paintings were produced than were
unsponsored sculptures in France during the
nineteenth century.

(D) Very few of the artists in France in the
nineteenth century who produced sculptures
also produced paintings.

of sculpture and painting, the total amount of
financial support that French sculptors and
during the nineteenth century.

OA, After some discussion..
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27 Nov 2012, 03:26
IMO C.

C provides reasons for both the events. Material for Sculpture was expensive, making it difficult for artists to produce without funding while material for painting was not expensive, making it easier for painters to produce painting without funding.
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27 Nov 2012, 04:12
It took 2 min 15 sec fairly simple.... its straight C
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2017, 21:39
The stimulus describes an apparent discrepancy. The French academy discouraged innovation in the arts during the 19th century, and yet 19th century French painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation but sculpturing did not.
The question is why?
We can only guess at the reasons.
However the correct answer choice should be the one which would point to a critical difference between French painting and sculpture in the 19th century.

Answer choice (A) is the Opposite answer. If painting received more financial support than sculpture, we'd expect it to be less innovative given the artistic direction of the French academy. French painting, however, was apparently more innovative. Answer choice (A) deepens the paradox instead of resolving it.

Answer choice (B) is another an Opposite answer. The fact that more sculptors than painters were supported helps explain (to an extent) why sculpture was less innovative, assuming that each artist received a more-or-less equal share of this support. However, the second part of answer choice (B) states that individual painters received more support, on average, than individual sculptors. If so, we'd expect that that painting would be less innovative, not more.

Answer choice (C) is the correct answer choice. If there were a lot more unsponsored paintings than unsponsored sculptures, then no wonder 19th century painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation: more paintings than sculptures were produced without the auspices of the academy, which limited innovation.

Answer choice (D) is incorrect as it has no effect on the discrepancy we're trying to explain.

Answer choice (E) is incorrect, because the total amount of support received by the artistic community is irrelevant. Our job is to explain why painting was more innovative than sculpture, even though they are both art forms sponsored by the French academy. The correct answer choice must point to a material difference, not similarity, between these two art forms.
Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was   [#permalink] 20 Feb 2017, 21:39
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