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# During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been

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Director
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2006, 03:57
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by karlfurt on 07 Dec 2006, 06:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Director
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07 Dec 2006, 05:44
I will go with E. I think the way the second part of the sentence is structured warrants a semi colon. D seems to be wrong with the use of "is restricted there"
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07 Dec 2006, 06:06
hsampath wrote:
I will go with E. I think the way the second part of the sentence is structured warrants a semi colon. D seems to be wrong with the use of "is restricted there"

In E since a semicolon seperates indepedent clauses dont you think its has antecedent problem?

instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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07 Dec 2006, 06:17
No, I don't think there is an antecedent problem. That's precisely the reason we use a semi colon instead of a full stop.

In B, a comma after instead seems to be missing. With that, it would have been better and difficult for me to choose.

principles, instead, it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
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07 Dec 2006, 16:32
I like E becaue of semicolon and proper comma but do not like the passive voice, but others are worng too

Is E the OA?
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09 Dec 2006, 02:08
what is the problem with B...

Is it wrong only because of a comma that is missing after "insead" as hsampath said??

@hsampath...

can u give some insight in this regards...

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09 Dec 2006, 09:14
yes, what is wrong with B.. karlfurt, Can you please give us the OE?
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09 Dec 2006, 09:53
C is not in agreement with the logical meaning of the original sentence. THe original sentence intends to say that 'various regulations are affecting'

C says that the regulations affect in various ways.

In other words, there is lack of clarity in C due to the misplaced 'various'.

This is why I eliminated C.
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10 Dec 2006, 13:59
gk3.14 wrote:
yes, what is wrong with B.. karlfurt, Can you please give us the OE?

The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun â€œits.â€
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2007, 20:46
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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29 Jul 2007, 18:25
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OA is E

The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun “its.” The antecedent to “its” is the “labor market,” which incorrectly and illogically suggests that the labor market is somehow possessing or passing government regulations itself. In addition, the original sentence incorrectly uses active rather than passive voice to describe the effects imposed on the "labor market" by government regulations, thus illogically suggesting that the "labor market" itself is stifling functioning, rather than being stifled by other forces.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice incorrectly uses a comma to connect two independent clauses, thus creating a run-on sentence. Two independent clauses must be connected either by a conjunction, such as “and” or “but,” or by a semicolon.

(C) This choice incorrectly uses “stifled” to modify the labor market itself, as opposed to its functioning. Also, “variously restrict” is awkward; various is used more appropriately to modify "government regulations," rather than the manner in which the regulations restrict worker hiring and firing.

(D) In order to properly use a semicolon, both the clause before and after the semicolon must be independent clauses or sentences, and the clauses must be closely related in meaning. In this choice, the underlined portion, though grammatically correct, does not stand alone as an effective independent clause. Also, the pronoun “its” lacks a clear antecedent.

(E) CORRECT. This answer choice correctly uses the semicolon to connect two independent but closely related clauses. In addition, the pronoun “its” clearly and unambiguously refers to the “labor market.”
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29 Jul 2007, 19:29
The only question I have about E is that whether it is correct not to have subject in the second sentence after the semicolon? As far as I remember from theory, both sentences should be independent, so they can stand alone id subdivided.

Can anybody give an explanation?
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2007, 12:35
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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26 Aug 2007, 20:13
Piter wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

B. its one of the most difficult one but I go with B.

E is not parallel.
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26 Aug 2007, 21:36
Between B and E.

I chose B because E changes the tense from "present perfect continuous" to "present continuous" unnecessarily.
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27 Aug 2007, 05:32
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I also went with B, but it has very unusual mistake...

OA is E
OE
Quote:
The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun “its.” The antecedent to “its” is the “labor market,” which incorrectly and illogically suggests that the labor market is somehow possessing or passing government regulations itself. In addition, the original sentence incorrectly uses active rather than passive voice to describe the effects imposed on the "labor market" by government regulations, thus illogically suggesting that the "labor market" itself is stifling functioning, rather than being stifled by other forces.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice incorrectly uses a comma to connect two independent clauses, thus creating a run-on sentence. Two independent clauses must be connected either by a conjunction, such as “and” or “but,” or by a semicolon.

(C) This choice incorrectly uses “stifled” to modify the labor market itself, as opposed to its functioning. Also, “variously restrict” is awkward; various is used more appropriately to modify "government regulations," rather than the manner in which the regulations restrict worker hiring and firing.

(D) In order to properly use a semicolon, both the clause before and after the semicolon must be independent clauses or sentences, and the clauses must be closely related in meaning. In this choice, the underlined portion, though grammatically correct, does not stand alone as an effective independent clause. Also, the pronoun “its” lacks a clear antecedent.

(E) CORRECT. This answer choice correctly uses the semicolon to connect two independent but closely related clauses. In addition, the pronoun “its” clearly and unambiguously refers to the “labor market.”
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 09:22
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

(A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
(B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
(C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
(D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
(E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

Last edited by aaron22197 on 27 Jun 2008, 09:34, edited 1 time in total.
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27 Jun 2008, 09:33
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

A)principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

B)principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

C)principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

D)principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled passive & not parallel

E)principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers not parallel

IMO B
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27 Jun 2008, 11:10
Between B and E .. picking B.

The phrase - "functioning has been stifled" doesn't seem grammatically correct.
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27 Jun 2008, 12:56
I feel it should be E. Can we have the OA please? The semicolon removes the need for parallelism, we can consider that part of the sentence as a separate sentence, and besides B is wordy with the use of 'as a result of'
Re: SC-700 Level   [#permalink] 27 Jun 2008, 12:56

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