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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2015, 05:21
karlfurt wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


Hey,can anyone explain how second statement is independent.Option E uses "its" in second part so we have to refer to first sentence..How can it be independent?

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 08:16
Hi,

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


The correct answer is E. Could you kindly walk me through the error analysis?

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 08:26
sanjanaadaveesh wrote:
Hi,

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


The correct answer is E. Could you kindly walk me through the error analysis?


Merging Similar topics.

The answer analysis is discussed in the above posts.

NOTE: Please read each forum rules before posting any questions. Thanks..
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2015, 23:31
Whenever two independent clauses are clubbed we require either a coordinating conjunction such as "yet","but" or a semi-colon.In option B we do not have any conjunction while joining two independent clauses.Therefore the correct option is E.

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2016, 07:44
plumber250 wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers. Not parallel - wrong!

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers. Very awkward construction, the two sections are not joined properly with a comma

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing. Require a 'but' or similar to contrast the two sections either side of the comma

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled Being is a danger word - avoid at all costs.

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers. Looks good to me, parallel, consistent. I'm happy



Hi,

I have a query for option A. cant we say this is run on . as ,but requires a clause but where is the verb for this sentence.

Please clarify.

Thanks

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2016, 08:33
Pathfinder wrote

Quote:
Hi,

I have a query for option A. cannot we say this is run on. As, but requires a clause but where is the verb for this sentence.

Please clarify.

Thanks


When there is no verb after a fanboy, then it will be called a fragment, since the RHS is just a phrase and not a clause as you have correctly pointed out. On the contrary, B is a run – on, since there are full- fledged clauses, connected by just a comma.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2016, 23:59
Hi Experts / chetan2u / daagh ,


I want to discuss the non-underlined part-

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating

If we are discussing about the past decade--shouldn't we use past tense..?
If it was written Since past decade--> In that case present perfect tense should be used.

But in this scenario we are discussing about PAST. So, how the usage of present perfect tense is correct.
Can you please shed some light into it..?

Additionally, is it correct approach to try to parallel operating and functioning in this sentence...??
If so, the first part will be in active voice and the second part will be in passive voice.

But, I have learnt that if two things are connected with conjunction then both part should be either in active or in passive voice.....????
Can I say INSTEAD is working as a conjunction here.....??

Please assist.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2016, 16:53
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PrakharGMAT wrote:
Hi Experts / chetan2u / daagh ,


I want to discuss the non-underlined part-

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating

If we are discussing about the past decade--shouldn't we use past tense..?
If it was written Since past decade--> In that case present perfect tense should be used.

But in this scenario we are discussing about PAST. So, how the usage of present perfect tense is correct.
Can you please shed some light into it..?

Additionally, is it correct approach to try to parallel operating and functioning in this sentence...??
If so, the first part will be in active voice and the second part will be in passive voice.

But, I have learnt that if two things are connected with conjunction then both part should be either in active or in passive voice.....????
Can I say INSTEAD is working as a conjunction here.....??

Please assist.


1. Use of since: The word since is used to refer to a point in time, not a period of time. Hence since the past decade in any case would be wrong. Since 2006 would be correct.

2. Use of present perfect: You would be right if past decade were actually a time period in the past; however it is not. The past decade indicates a time interval that started 10 years ago and the present moment is at the end of the 10 year span; the period is ending now. The verb has not been operating is used to indicate that the operation is not going on at this moment, the moment in which the past decade is ending, and it has not been going on during the past decade. For an action which started in the past and is still continuing, we use a present perfect - here not operating is the action.

3. The mixing of active and passive voice on two sides of a conjunction is allowed. See the following example ( from Manhattan SC guide):
The shuttle launch TOOK place flawlessly and WAS SEEN on television.... correct.

Hope the above explanations help.

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2016, 15:23
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 08:05
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 10:17
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SOS, please. Does the underlining include 'principles' or not? Going by the GMAT custom and convention of choice A replicating the text, 'principles' should be part of the underlining. Am I right? Sorry for getting this doubt after over 100 postings on this topic.( including my posting)
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 10:33
karlfurt wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


A - Where is the verb in clause 2? Out.
B - Instead is not a connector, so we need a FANBOY to connect 2 clauses. Out
C - Unnecessarily wordy with 'functioning despite being stifled'. Out.
D - Awkward Construction without FANOYS, and there is no real need to break up the sentence. And incorrect Verb Tense. Out.
E - ; correctly separates 2 independent clauses and the verb tense is parallel with the original non-underlined part of the sentence. E is the answer.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2017, 06:53
Hi Mike,

I was struck between B and E.
Can you please help me eliminate option B?. I saw "instead" as conjunction connection the two clauses. If No, Also Option B - had the option had any qualified conjuction instead, would the option have been correct?

Thanks

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operat   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2017, 06:53

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