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# During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures

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Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 667
During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2009, 17:39
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268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

Can some one explain this for me and why D is wrong as well...

was it "can" vs "could" decides the answer?

thanks.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2007
Posts: 120
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2009, 17:53
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ugimba wrote:
268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

Can some one explain this for me and why D is wrong as well...

was it "can" vs "could" decides the answer?

thanks.

IMO E). Here we are talking about past and so it requires conditional past (could) and we are referring homes and so it requires which since "that" cannot be used for things.
Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2009
Posts: 331
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2010, 05:45
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268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

First Take - Can VS Could
Could is correct as the entire sentence is in the past tense and hence can would not be in sync....
Hence A, C, D are out...

B says that they could ... they is not sure whether it is Americans or Homes... hence B is out.. (an introduction of that after homes... makes homes a subject and hence creates this cconfusion)

E is a clear winner... which states.... homes for which they could....... and hence correct (if that is not present after homes... homes would be treated as an object and they would not refer to it in any form)
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Manager
Joined: 25 Dec 2009
Posts: 54
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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Updated on: 07 Jun 2010, 06:27
a simple to thing toremember here is that we usually eliminate 'which' because it refers to a noun preceding it. but remember that if a preposition precedes 'which', then this yardstick must not be applied

Originally posted by roshanaslam on 07 Jun 2010, 06:18.
Last edited by roshanaslam on 07 Jun 2010, 06:27, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Joined: 30 Mar 2010
Posts: 64
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 20:38
IMO:

Option d is also wrong because That is being used as a subordinator, and it is not clear what verb is being modified by it.

Its also the wrong subordinator! Because, As, For, or Since should be used.
Manager
Joined: 25 Dec 2009
Posts: 54
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 22:30
no its not a subordinator!!
citizens of many countries are expressing concern THAT the enviromentmental damage caused by widespread release of green house gasses maybe impossible to reverse.
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
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Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 23:49
could > can

can is used for general ability, could is used for possibility

I could pay my taxes. ----> Expresses possibility. If I have nothing else to do with the money, I might pay taxes.

ugimba wrote:
268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

Can some one explain this for me and why D is wrong as well...

was it "can" vs "could" decides the answer?

thanks.
Manager
Joined: 30 Mar 2010
Posts: 64
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 07:48
roshanaslam wrote:
no its not a subordinator!!
citizens of many countries are expressing concern THAT the enviromentmental damage caused by widespread release of green house gasses maybe impossible to reverse.

IMO:

Can the phrase "the enviromentmental damage caused by widespread release of green house gasses maybe impossible to reverse" stand as an independent clause? If so, then you have a run on sentence.

I think in the example you have cited, if THAT is not a subordinator then the sentence is a run on sentence.
Manager
Joined: 25 Dec 2009
Posts: 54
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 10:44
this sentence is perfectly correct. using essential modifier doesnt make a run on sentnce. although despite inspite of because make run on sentnces. who has told u 'that' is a subordinator? the clause before 'that' need not have a verb.
Manager
Joined: 30 Mar 2010
Posts: 64
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2010, 23:18
roshanaslam: MGMAT indicates that all relative pronouns can be used as subordinators (sorry for the late reply)
Manager
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Location: United Kingdom
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT 1: 500 Q45 V16
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Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2010, 08:49
went with D.. Because looked a better choice but didnt notice 'can' tense mistake
Manager
Joined: 19 Dec 2010
Posts: 122
Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2011, 20:17
Got it wrong, the answer is E i guess...
Good to know that in general "which" must be preceded by a noun. However, if a preposition is attached before which as in this case "For Which..." then this case does not apply..
Manager
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Re: 1000 SC -- home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2011, 13:06
Little tricky with tense but nice question..E is the correct choice.
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Intern
Joined: 07 Nov 2011
Posts: 24
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2011, 01:30
E it is ....in option D) "can" is wrongly used ...it should be past tense "could"
Senior Manager
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Posts: 274
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Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2011, 03:11
E. Which can be used because preposition is used before it.
Director
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 754
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2017, 05:09
jeeteshsingh wrote:
268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

First Take - Can VS Could
Could is correct as the entire sentence is in the past tense and hence can would not be in sync....
Hence A, C, D are out...

B says that they could ... they is not sure whether it is Americans or Homes... hence B is out.. (an introduction of that after homes... makes homes a subject and hence creates this cconfusion)

E is a clear winner... which states.... homes for which they could....... and hence correct (if that is not present after homes... homes would be treated as an object and they would not refer to it in any form)

abhimahna and GMATNinja

I get really confused about the pronoun usage. The rule is that a pronoun must have only one antecedent and "it should make sense". But "they" in this question can logically refer to only AMERICANS because if we say "that homes could/can no longer afford payments...", it does not make sense.

Am I thinking in the wrong direction?
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures   [#permalink] 15 Nov 2017, 05:09
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