GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 21 Feb 2020, 08:18

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 368
During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Mar 2009, 16:39
8
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

50% (00:55) correct 50% (01:05) wrong based on 314 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they can no longer afford monthly payments.

(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

Can some one explain this for me and why D is wrong as well...

was it "can" vs "could" decides the answer?

thanks.
Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2009
Posts: 231
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jan 2010, 04:45
14
3
268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

First Take - Can VS Could
Could is correct as the entire sentence is in the past tense and hence can would not be in sync....
Hence A, C, D are out...

B says that they could ... they is not sure whether it is Americans or Homes... hence B is out.. (an introduction of that after homes... makes homes a subject and hence creates this cconfusion)

E is a clear winner... which states.... homes for which they could....... and hence correct (if that is not present after homes... homes would be treated as an object and they would not refer to it in any form)
##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2007
Posts: 66
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Mar 2009, 16:53
1
ugimba wrote:
268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

Can some one explain this for me and why D is wrong as well...

was it "can" vs "could" decides the answer?

thanks.

IMO E). Here we are talking about past and so it requires conditional past (could) and we are referring homes and so it requires which since "that" cannot be used for things.
Intern
Joined: 25 Dec 2009
Posts: 22
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 07 Jun 2010, 05:27
a simple to thing toremember here is that we usually eliminate 'which' because it refers to a noun preceding it. but remember that if a preposition precedes 'which', then this yardstick must not be applied

Originally posted by roshanaslam on 07 Jun 2010, 05:18.
Last edited by roshanaslam on 07 Jun 2010, 05:27, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Joined: 30 Mar 2010
Posts: 32
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2010, 19:38
IMO:

Option d is also wrong because That is being used as a subordinator, and it is not clear what verb is being modified by it.

Its also the wrong subordinator! Because, As, For, or Since should be used.
Intern
Joined: 25 Dec 2009
Posts: 22
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2010, 21:30
no its not a subordinator!!
citizens of many countries are expressing concern THAT the enviromentmental damage caused by widespread release of green house gasses maybe impossible to reverse.
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 543
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2010, 22:49
could > can

can is used for general ability, could is used for possibility

I could pay my taxes. ----> Expresses possibility. If I have nothing else to do with the money, I might pay taxes.

ugimba wrote:
268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

Can some one explain this for me and why D is wrong as well...

was it "can" vs "could" decides the answer?

thanks.
Intern
Joined: 30 Mar 2010
Posts: 32
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jun 2010, 06:48
roshanaslam wrote:
no its not a subordinator!!
citizens of many countries are expressing concern THAT the enviromentmental damage caused by widespread release of green house gasses maybe impossible to reverse.

IMO:

Can the phrase "the enviromentmental damage caused by widespread release of green house gasses maybe impossible to reverse" stand as an independent clause? If so, then you have a run on sentence.

I think in the example you have cited, if THAT is not a subordinator then the sentence is a run on sentence.
Intern
Joined: 25 Dec 2009
Posts: 22
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jun 2010, 09:44
this sentence is perfectly correct. using essential modifier doesnt make a run on sentnce. although despite inspite of because make run on sentnces. who has told u 'that' is a subordinator? the clause before 'that' need not have a verb.
Intern
Joined: 30 Mar 2010
Posts: 32
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jul 2010, 22:18
roshanaslam: MGMAT indicates that all relative pronouns can be used as subordinators (sorry for the late reply)
Intern
Joined: 26 Dec 2009
Posts: 49
Location: United Kingdom
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT 1: 500 Q45 V16
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Dec 2010, 07:49
went with D.. Because looked a better choice but didnt notice 'can' tense mistake
Manager
Joined: 19 Dec 2010
Posts: 72
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Mar 2011, 19:17
Got it wrong, the answer is E i guess...
Good to know that in general "which" must be preceded by a noun. However, if a preposition is attached before which as in this case "For Which..." then this case does not apply..
Intern
Joined: 07 Nov 2011
Posts: 14
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Dec 2011, 00:30
E it is ....in option D) "can" is wrongly used ...it should be past tense "could"
Manager
Joined: 13 May 2011
Posts: 179
WE 1: IT 1 Yr
WE 2: Supply Chain 5 Yrs
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Dec 2011, 02:11
E. Which can be used because preposition is used before it.
Director
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 633
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Nov 2017, 04:09
jeeteshsingh wrote:
268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

First Take - Can VS Could
Could is correct as the entire sentence is in the past tense and hence can would not be in sync....
Hence A, C, D are out...

B says that they could ... they is not sure whether it is Americans or Homes... hence B is out.. (an introduction of that after homes... makes homes a subject and hence creates this cconfusion)

E is a clear winner... which states.... homes for which they could....... and hence correct (if that is not present after homes... homes would be treated as an object and they would not refer to it in any form)

abhimahna and GMATNinja

I get really confused about the pronoun usage. The rule is that a pronoun must have only one antecedent and "it should make sense". But "they" in this question can logically refer to only AMERICANS because if we say "that homes could/can no longer afford payments...", it does not make sense.

Am I thinking in the wrong direction?
Intern
Joined: 09 Jul 2016
Posts: 45
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2018, 07:33
patedhav wrote:
ugimba wrote:
268. During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could

Can some one explain this for me and why D is wrong as well...

was it "can" vs "could" decides the answer?

thanks.

IMO E). Here we are talking about past and so it requires conditional past (could) and we are referring homes and so it requires which since "that" cannot be used for things.

'that' and 'which' both can be used for things. Difference is 'that' is used for general things but 'which' is used to refer specific things.
As in this case we are talking about those specific homes, 'which' is preferred here.
Director
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 961
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jun 2018, 01:04
During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures resulted in tens of thousands of Americans being evicted from homes that they canno longer afford monthly payments.
(A) that they can
(B) that they could
(C) on which they can
(D) because they can
(E) for which they could
this one is hard.
look at choice D.
I think, can/could is a problem in D but there is another problem
"because they can no longer pay monthly payment" is not clear. payment for what. the sentence should be
because they can no longer pay monthly payment for the homes"

in contrast, choice E is more logic. the ideas in choice E are connected logically

this is the reason why choice D is wrong.
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 8346
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Nov 2019, 08:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: During the recession of 1973, home mortgage foreclosures   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2019, 08:28
Display posts from previous: Sort by