GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 06 Apr 2020, 07:25

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 18 Nov 2018
Posts: 7
Location: India
WE: Business Development (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2019, 07:40
In the second choice the subject and verb agree, but the descriptive phrase placed between them creates an illogical statement because each cannot be wives; each can be only one of the wives, or a wife.

Can someone explain above!!!

How does "each of them Hemingway's wives" different from "each of Hemingway's wives"?

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Joined: 09 Jun 2018
Posts: 6
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Aug 2019, 12:52
GMATNinja I eliminated C because "his" cant refer back to possessive. Can you point out what I am missing here?
Manager
Joined: 13 Apr 2019
Posts: 179
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Operations
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35
GPA: 3.5
WE: General Management (Retail)
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Sep 2019, 20:26
daagh wrote:
The most important clue here is that the four wives of Hemingway are collectively grouped under the plural noun women for a proper comparison with the pallid women of his novels. Therefore, we cannot entertain singular noun or pronoun such as each or every one in any of the choices, even though we might assign the right verbs for those nouns that. You may see, Choice A, B, D, and E are all alluding to the singular woman in some part or other. We can dump all of them as irrelevant in one go and choose C as the right choice. C is perfect in SV agreement and comparison

What is the antecedent to the pronoun "his" in this case (mentioned in non underlined portion) ? There is no mention of hemingway himself but only of hemingway's wives.
That's a classic gmat logical error i suppose.
Retired Moderator
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5468
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Sep 2019, 22:02
Top Contributor
Azhr
Antecedent of 'his' is a non-issue. We know there is only male and whom else can 'his' refer to other than Hemingway? Can 'his novels' refer to Irving Wallace's or Sidney Sheldon's novels?
We also want a possessive noun for a possessive pronoun and 'his' and 'Hemingway's' are perfect foils.
Your point that we need non-possessive noun for a possessive pronoun is not clear.
In addition, we should limit the matching between 'his' and 'Hemingway's' I suppose but not extend it to his novels and wives. Otherwise, somebody will ask how one can equate wives with novels.
Azhr, can you please see the real logic?
_________________
One-to-one video private sessions on SC +91 98845 44509, <newnaren@gmail.com>
Manager
Joined: 14 May 2018
Posts: 94
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Sep 2019, 22:55
INSEADIESE wrote:
could someone explain why d is wrong?

It's wrong because the non-underlined portion indicates a plural sv comparison (women)
Words like each, every etc. are singular in nature.
Intern
Joined: 29 Jul 2019
Posts: 5
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, General Management
Schools: Oxford "21
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Sep 2019, 01:43
The pronoun his in the non underlined part doest not have any noun to which it is pointing.
His points to hemingway. But Hemingway is present as possessive noun.
Help me if my understanding is wrong
Manager
Joined: 20 Oct 2018
Posts: 224
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Dec 2019, 02:31
empty_spaces wrote:
Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were strong and interesting women, very different from the often pallid women who populate his novels.

(A) Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were strong and interesting women,

(B) Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each of them Hemingway’s wives—were strong and interesting women,

(C) Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were all strong and interesting women,

(D) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each a wife of Hemingway, was

(E) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—every one of Hemingway’s wives were

Dear experts,
mikemcgarry IanStewart VeritasKarishma daagh EMPOWERgmatRichC DmitryFarber generis

1. In case of option C, I am unable to understand the placement of "all". Doesn't placement of "all" before strong associate "all" with strong?

2. Option B can be simplified to: Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh were strong and interesting women...
In this option, I do agree that the fact that these women are Hemingway's wives is an essential information. Hence, putting that information between commas is not correct. However, compared to use of "all strong" phrase, we could neglect the "essential information" argument.
Retired Moderator
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5468
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Dec 2019, 03:39
Top Contributor
@anikhet

C) Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were all strong and interesting women,

This is the main clause of the sentence that is followed by the adjectival modifier (different is an adjective) following it, which modifies the four wives of Hemingway. If you parse it slightly differently, forgetting the appositive names listed between the dashes, you will get the following version.

All Hemingway’s wives were strong and interesting women, very different from the often-pallid women who populate his novels.

In the context, the word 'all' modifies the plural wives. This slightly twisted structure is quite acceptable, kind of a literary academic license given to writers to encourage variety.,I suppose.

Second, the SV error in B namely, "each of Hemingway's wives were strong" is too glaring to ignore. So C. the answer
_________________
One-to-one video private sessions on SC +91 98845 44509, <newnaren@gmail.com>
Manager
Joined: 20 Oct 2018
Posts: 224
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Dec 2019, 03:46
daagh wrote:
@anikhet

C) Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were all strong and interesting women,

This is the main clause of the sentence that is followed by the adjectival modifier (different is an adjective) following it, which modifies the four wives of Hemingway. If you parse it slightly differently, forgetting the appositive names listed between the dashes, you will get the following version.

All Hemingway’s wives were strong and interesting women, very different from the often-pallid women who populate his novels.

In the context, the word 'all' modifies the plural wives. This slightly twisted structure is quite acceptable, kind of a literary academic license given to writers to encourage variety.,I suppose.

Second, the SV error in B namely, "each of Hemingway's wives were strong" is too glaring to ignore. So C. the answer

Dear daagh,
Thank you for the explanation.

In case of option B, the phrase "each of ..." is between em-dash. So I considered that "were" is as per the 4 wives.
As per my understanding the sentence structure is: "A, B, C and D were ..." --> and "each of them ..." is just a modifier not governing "were".
Intern
Joined: 23 May 2019
Posts: 33
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jan 2020, 05:28
Can somebody explain why E is wrong ?

Posted from my mobile device
CEO
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 3174
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2020, 17:43
aarushisingla wrote:
Can somebody explain why E is wrong ?

Posted from my mobile device
Hi aarushisingla,

Focus on the last few words in that option:

every one of Hemingway’s wives were

The subject is every one, which is singular, but the verb were is plural. Because the subject and verb don't agree, we can take E out.
_________________
Intern
Joined: 23 May 2019
Posts: 33
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jan 2020, 13:26
AjiteshArun wrote:
aarushisingla wrote:
Can somebody explain why E is wrong ?

Posted from my mobile device
Hi aarushisingla,

Focus on the last few words in that option:

every one of Hemingway’s wives were

The subject is every one, which is singular, but the verb were is plural. Because the subject and verb don't agree, we can take E out.

Thankyou for your response.
But isn’t the subject strong and interesting women just like in D.
Intern
Joined: 23 May 2019
Posts: 33
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jan 2020, 02:07
1
AjiteshArun wrote:
aarushisingla wrote:
Thankyou for your response.
But isn’t the subject strong and interesting women just like in D.
Hi aarushisingla,

Here are the three options C-E:

(C) Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were all strong and interesting women,

(D) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each a wife of Hemingway, was

(E) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—every one of Hemingway’s wives were

In this question, the dashes are just like commas. We can remove them to check the structure of the rest of the sentence.

(D1) Strong and interesting women, each a wife of Hemingway, was

(E1) Strong and interesting women, every one of Hemingway’s wives were

Here are two ways to check what each a wife of Hemingway is:
1. Each a wife of Hemingway can be only a modifier. It cannot be a subject. That is, we cannot combine it with a verb.

Each a wife of Hemingway was... ← Can we say each a wife was? No, and therefore this is incorrect.

But every one of Hemingway's wives can be a subject. That is, we can combine it with a verb.

Every one of Hemingway's wives was... ← Can we say every one was? Yes, we can, and therefore this is fine.

2. Do you see the comma there after Hemingway in option D (in between each a wife of Hemingway and was)? That is another way to recognize that each a wife of Hemingway is a modifier. That is why option D can be read as:

(D2) Strong and interesting women, each a wife of Hemingway, was

In option E, however, there is no comma in between every one of Hemingway's wives and were. This leaves us with something that (a) is capable of acting as a subject and (b) is not surrounded by commas the way a modifier in that position should be.

(E2) Strong and interesting women, every one of Hemingway’s wives were

Here it is strong and interesting women that is the modifier.

Yes i got it.
Thankyou so much

Posted from my mobile device
Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 1674
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jan 2020, 05:36
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

empty_spaces wrote:
Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were strong and interesting women, very different from the often pallid women who populate his novels.

(A) Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were strong and interesting women,

(B) Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each of them Hemingway’s wives—were strong and interesting women,

(C) Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were all strong and interesting women,

(D) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each a wife of Hemingway, was

(E) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—every one of Hemingway’s wives were

Choice A: This answer choice features a subject-verb disagreement between the subject "Each of Hemmingway's wives" and the verb "were"; remember, the subject here is not "wives" rather it is "Each" which is singular. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice features a disagreement between the pronoun "each" and the noun "wives"; "each" must refer to a singular noun, among a multitude, while "wives" is plural. The appropriate construction is "each of them one of Hemmingway's wives". This answer choice also presents vital information between two hyphens, which in this case function as commas; if the phrase "each of them Hemingway’s wives" was removed from the sentence, the pronoun "his" would have no antecedent. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice C: This answer choice maintains proper subject-verb agreement and pronoun use throughout the sentence and avoids the error of presenting vital information between two commas. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice D: This answer choice features a subject-verb disagreement between "women" and "was"; remember, in this answer choice the subject is "Strong and interesting women" and the following two clauses modify this subject by naming the concerned women and informing us that each was a wife of Hemmingway. Therefore, the subject will remain in the plural form. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice features a disagreement between the pronoun phrase "every one of Hemmingway's wives" and the verb "was", as the former is singular and the latter is plural. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, C is the best answer choice.

One important thing to note here is that the use of the possessive pronoun "his" in this sentence is perfectly correct; here, the possessive noun "Hemmingway's" serves are the antecedent for "his".

To understand the concept of "Possessive Pronoun can be Used with Possessive Noun on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):

To understand the concept of "Extra Information Between two Commas on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):

All the best!
Experts' Global Team
_________________
Intern
Joined: 29 Dec 2019
Posts: 2
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2020, 06:46
Amit05 wrote:
empty_spaces wrote:
270.Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were strong and interesting women, very different from the often pallid women who populate his novels.

(A) Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were strong and interesting women,

(B) Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each of them Hemingway’s wives—were strong and interesting women,

(C) Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were all strong and interesting women,

(D) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each a wife of Hemingway, was

(E) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—every one of Hemingway’s wives were

Please EXPLAIN your answers.

thanks

Each is a singular for eg : "each apple from the basket was tasty and fresh"
or "each one has to face the ordeal called GMAT"
similarly each of his wives was an interesting woman..

So going by this logic . A and B out.
D and E are grammatically ill-formed and awkward.
C is correct..

If each/every used after Subject verb takes the form of subject. Here Each is used after the subject so i am not sure about your answer.
Re: Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha   [#permalink] 02 Apr 2020, 06:46

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 35 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne