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Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics

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Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 03:48
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (00:59) correct 52% (01:06) wrong based on 345 sessions

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Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics needs to register by March 1, send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.


A. send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.

B. send final payment no later than April 12, and order her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.

C. send their final payment no later than April 12, and order textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.

D. send final payment and order textbooks no later than April 12, at least two weeks before classes begin.

E. send final payment before April 12, and have ordered her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.

Explanations please !! Not too sure of QA. The pronoun reference seems weird
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 04:13
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"Each of the participants" is singular. So A and C are out because of the usage of "their".
D changes the meaning and E has parallelism issue.

That's why B.
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Re: Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2013, 10:33
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Hi Dhairya

This question is about parallelism, not pronoun.
The structure is: Each of the participants.......needs to register.........., [to] send final payment........, and [to] order............
Main verb: needs
Parallel structure: to register || to send || to order
The question omits preposition "to" to make a sentence concise.

Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics needs to register by March 1, send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.


A. send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. "Each" is singular --> "their" is wrong.

B. send final payment no later than April 12, and order her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Correct. to register || to send || to order; "Each" is singular --> "her" is correct.

C. send their final payment no later than April 12, and order textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. "Each" is singular --> "their" is wrong.

D. send final payment and order textbooks no later than April 12, at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. Change meaning: adverb phrase "at least two weeks" ONLY modifies verb "order textbook".

E. send final payment before April 12, and have ordered her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. Not parallel. To register || to send, but NOT parallel with "have ordered" <== We need infinitive here.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 00:04
pqhai wrote:
Hi Dhairya

This question is about parallelism, not pronoun.
The structure is: Each of the participants.......needs to register.........., [to] send final payment........, and [to] order............
Main verb: needs
Parallel structure: to register || to send || to order
The question omits preposition "to" to make a sentence concise.

Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics needs to register by March 1, send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.


A. send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. "Each" is singular --> "their" is wrong.

B. send final payment no later than April 12, and order her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Correct. to register || to send || to order; "Each" is singular --> "her" is correct.

C. send their final payment no later than April 12, and order textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. "Each" is singular --> "their" is wrong.

D. send final payment and order textbooks no later than April 12, at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. Change meaning: adverb phrase "at least two weeks" ONLY modifies verb "order textbook".

E. send final payment before April 12, and have ordered her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. Not parallel. To register || to send, but NOT parallel with "have ordered" <== We need infinitive here.

Hope it helps.


Hi pqhai,

Why it has to be "her" in option B.

The original sentence nowhere mentions that it is a male or female in the participants.

Can you help me with this?

Thanks,
Jai
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Re: Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2013, 00:40
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jaituteja wrote:
pqhai wrote:
Hi Dhairya

This question is about parallelism, not pronoun.
The structure is: Each of the participants.......needs to register.........., [to] send final payment........, and [to] order............
Main verb: needs
Parallel structure: to register || to send || to order
The question omits preposition "to" to make a sentence concise.

Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics needs to register by March 1, send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.


A. send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. "Each" is singular --> "their" is wrong.

B. send final payment no later than April 12, and order her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Correct. to register || to send || to order; "Each" is singular --> "her" is correct.

C. send their final payment no later than April 12, and order textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. "Each" is singular --> "their" is wrong.

D. send final payment and order textbooks no later than April 12, at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. Change meaning: adverb phrase "at least two weeks" ONLY modifies verb "order textbook".

E. send final payment before April 12, and have ordered her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. Not parallel. To register || to send, but NOT parallel with "have ordered" <== We need infinitive here.

Hope it helps.


Hi pqhai,

Why it has to be "her" in option B.

The original sentence nowhere mentions that it is a male or female in the participants.

Can you help me with this?

Thanks,
Jai


Hi Jai

Her/him doesn't matter. The main point that the sentence wants to conveys is the usage of "each".

There are two very important notes of "each". Do NOT mess up each other.

(1) "Each" before noun --> always singular
For example:
Each dog has paws
Each of THESE shirts is pretty

(2) "Each" after noun --> "each" has NO bearing of the verb form --> could be plural
For example:
They each ARE great football players.

Hope it's clear.
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Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

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Re: Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2014, 18:07
pqhai wrote:
jaituteja wrote:
pqhai wrote:
Hi Dhairya

This question is about parallelism, not pronoun.
The structure is: Each of the participants.......needs to register.........., [to] send final payment........, and [to] order............
Main verb: needs
Parallel structure: to register || to send || to order
The question omits preposition "to" to make a sentence concise.

Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics needs to register by March 1, send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.


A. send final payment no later than April 12, and order their textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. "Each" is singular --> "their" is wrong.

B. send final payment no later than April 12, and order her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Correct. to register || to send || to order; "Each" is singular --> "her" is correct.

C. send their final payment no later than April 12, and order textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. "Each" is singular --> "their" is wrong.

D. send final payment and order textbooks no later than April 12, at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. Change meaning: adverb phrase "at least two weeks" ONLY modifies verb "order textbook".

E. send final payment before April 12, and have ordered her textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.
Wrong. Not parallel. To register || to send, but NOT parallel with "have ordered" <== We need infinitive here.

Hope it helps.


Hi pqhai,

Why it has to be "her" in option B.

The original sentence nowhere mentions that it is a male or female in the participants.

Can you help me with this?

Thanks,
Jai


Hi Jai

Her/him doesn't matter. The main point that the sentence wants to conveys is the usage of "each".

There are two very important notes of "each". Do NOT mess up each other.

(1) "Each" before noun --> always singular
For example:
Each dog has paws
Each of THESE shirts is pretty

(2) "Each" after noun --> "each" has NO bearing of the verb form --> could be plural
For example:
They each ARE great football players.

Hope it's clear.


IMHO question should have been his/her to be more clear are there is no clue to which we can rely to that confirms we are talking about females here. Anyways, life's not perfect, I'll try to just leave this as is

Cheers
J

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Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 20:47
Is the use of "her" in answer choice B really necessary? Wouldn't the sentence be correct without the use of "her"?

Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics needs to register by March 1, send final payment no later than April 12, and order [her] textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.

Thoughts?

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Re: Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2017, 10:53
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Re: Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2017, 22:29
jhabib wrote:
Is the use of "her" in answer choice B really necessary? Wouldn't the sentence be correct without the use of "her"?

Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics needs to register by March 1, send final payment no later than April 12, and order [her] textbooks at least two weeks before classes begin.

Thoughts?


jhabib

You actually wrote the right version of the sentence,which is not present in any one of the answer choices.

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Re: Each of the participants in the seminar on linguistics   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2017, 22:29
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