GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 15 Sep 2019, 21:34

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Each of the sales people that were retained after the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 04 Dec 2017
Posts: 93
Location: India
Concentration: Other, Entrepreneurship
Schools: ISB '20 (D)
GMAT 1: 570 Q36 V33
GMAT 2: 620 Q44 V32
GMAT 3: 720 Q49 V39
GPA: 3
WE: Engineering (Other)
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2019, 23:45
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

Meaning: A certain company was acquired by some other company. Few sales personnel from old company were retained by the new company. These sales personnel, each of them, are more likely to get a promotion than members of other sales team.

Error:
1)'Each of the sales people' is a singular subject and will take singular verb 'was retained' and not 'were retained'. We can eliminate choices A, C, and E based on this error.

In choice D, use of 'is' after 'team members' renders the choice incorrect.

Choice B uses past perfect tense. Looking at the sequence of events we see that the action of acquiring the company preceded the action of retention of salespeople. Hence, past perfect tense is used correctly.

Senior Manager
Joined: 31 May 2018
Posts: 263
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 00:25
1
A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
each agreesw with verb is and salespeople agrees with were (CORRECT)

B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.
salespeople is plural so salespeople that were is correct here use of singular verb is wrong

C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
each is a singular subject requires a singular verb is

D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is
plural verb were is required
.
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.
each is a singular subject requires a singular verb is
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2018
Posts: 98
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 00:34
1
A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. This has proper use of helping verb. first were is used for individual salespeople and then is used for Each of.
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is. Was should not be used, as we are referring individual salespeople. Another thing had been not used properly for passive voice.
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. Are should not be used, as we are talking about Each of conjugation. Another thing had been not used properly for passive voice.
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is. Was should not be used, as we are referring individual salespeople.
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are. We should not use are for Each of conjugation.

Please hit kudos if you like the solution.
Manager
Joined: 08 Sep 2008
Posts: 140
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, General Management
Schools: ISB '20
GPA: 3.8
WE: Operations (Transportation)
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 00:50
1
Each of the Sales People THAT ( here that refers to People) so verb has be plural
Eliminated B & D

Each of ......... acquired.. (Verb has to be singular as subject is EACH)
Eliminate C & E

_________________
Regards;
Vishal

+==========+
Kudos if it deserve....one...
Manager
Joined: 12 Jan 2018
Posts: 112
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 01:18
Error analysis:
1.'Each' used as a subject,like in this case, is always singular. Hence, requires a singular verb. There is Subject Verb error.
2.There is comparison error as well. Since 'each' is being used, which is singular, the entity with which it is being compared must also be singular.
3. Verb-tense error, -Since, the act of acquisition of the company and retention of salespeople happened in the past, we need sequencing of events. Usage of past perfect is essential for earlier of the 2 events

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. - Incorrect, for the reasons stated in error analysis
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is. -Correct
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.-Incorrect, Subject-Verb, Comparison error
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is. - Incorrect, Verb Tense error
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.- Incorrect,Subject-Verb agreement error, Comparison error and Verb Tense error.

Ans: B
_________________
"Remember that guy that gave up?
Neither does anybody else"
Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Jan 2018
Posts: 308
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Healthcare
Schools: Booth '22, ISB '21, IIMB
GPA: 3.87
WE: Design (Manufacturing)
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 01:39
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.-Incorrect
Each require a singular verb - use of were is wrong

B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.-Incorrect
there is a comparison error here , likeliness of being promoted should be compared that is not the case here
likeliness of person who retained to other person is not correct.

C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.-Incorrect
All plural verbs are used instead of singular that is wrong

D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is.-Correct
Correct verb tense and correct comparison were used

E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.-Incorrect
Each requires was and comparison is between 2 persons so singular is required .
Manager
Joined: 18 May 2019
Posts: 242
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 02:19
The right answer is B. If we eliminate the propositional phrase "of the people that were retained after the company was acquired" we will clearly see that the verb 'is' must agree with the indefinite pronoun 'Each'. This is correctly used in this case. The other aspect of the sentence is the use of the pronoun "any" followed by the proposition "of" . The general requirement is that a SANAM pronoun followed by the preposition "of" the noun object of the "of phrase" can help to determine the number. But the pronoun "any" and "none" is an exception to this rule, and hence the verb form has to be singular as it is with option B.

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Joined: 09 Jul 2019
Posts: 38
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 02:24
A, C, and E can be eliminated for subject verb issue: each.......were , should be was. Also, C and E have another issue: each...are, should be is. Between B and D, D is suspect for "any of the other".
Manager
Joined: 19 Apr 2017
Posts: 174
Concentration: General Management, Sustainability
Schools: ESSEC '22
GPA: 3.9
WE: Operations (Hospitality and Tourism)
Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 02:32
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

First 3-2 split was vs were => Each of" (or "each one of") takes a singular verb. so we need to use the singular verb was. Eliminate ACE

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.

B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.

We are left with D
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is.
Manager
Joined: 30 May 2019
Posts: 108
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 03:04
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is.
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.

The choice is really between B and D. Other options can be easily eliminated for S+V error "each......were". Let's compare B and D side by side

B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is.
We have two splits
2. any other vs any of the other

1. Generally, we use past perfect to indicate time frame of two events that took place, so reader is not confused when certain event happened first. But do we really need to use past perfect to indicate sequence of events? Not always as it seems. Both MGMAT SC book and Ron say that if we have such transition words as "before" or "after" we may not need Past Perfect because it is already clear which event happened first. Thus, I prefer D over B based on this split.
2. Although, I have never seen "any of the other" construction, I do not rush to cross it. It may be a perfect parallelism to "each of the salespeople". Based on this split I opt for D again.
Answer is D, as per me
Manager
Joined: 06 Jun 2019
Posts: 116
Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 19 Jul 2019, 03:25
We are comparing the members of two groups A and B.

A – salespeople who joined the company before the acquisition
B – salespeople who joined the company after the acquisition

Each of + noun is a singular construction

Any + noun is a singular construction

Any of + noun can be either singular or plural construction depending on the meaning conveyed. In our case, we are comparing people one by one, not whole to whole or one to whole, so we want any of + noun to be singular. With that in mind let’s analyze answer choices.

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

Both each of the salespeople that were and any of the other sales team members are contain sub-verb disagreement.

B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.

If we are emphasizing the probability of promotion, not the acquisition of the company, then after the company had been acquired is a redundant construction.

After already shows which action took place first and which one took place next. For this reason, the usage of Past Perfect is redundant.

C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

Both each of the salespeople were... are and any of the other sales team members are contain subject-verb disagreement.
If we are emphasizing the probability of promotion, not the acquisition of the company, then after the company had been acquired is a redundant construction.

E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.

Both each of the salespeople that were... are and any other sales team member are contain subject-verb disagreement.

D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is.

D has correct subject-verb agreement and after the company was acquired is a correct construction.

Hence D
_________________
Bruce Lee: “I fear not the man who has practiced 10,000 kicks once, but I fear the man who has practiced one kick 10,000 times.”
GMAC: “I fear not the aspirant who has practiced 10,000 questions, but I fear the aspirant who has learnt the most out of every single question.”

Originally posted by JonShukhrat on 19 Jul 2019, 03:18.
Last edited by JonShukhrat on 19 Jul 2019, 03:25, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Joined: 24 Mar 2018
Posts: 48
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
Schools: ISB '21
WE: Project Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 03:20
Each is a singular subject. Hence, it should be referred to by 'was' and not 'were'. This eliminates options A,C and E.

The sentence states two events that happened at different points of time in the past:
The earlier event is the company acquisition.
The later event is the retention of employees.

In such a construction, the earlier event should be denoted by the past perfect ('had been acquired' in this case) and the later event by simple past ('was' in this case).

This eliminates option D ('company was acquired' is wrong. It should be 'company had been acquired').

Option (B) is correct.
Manager
Joined: 18 Feb 2017
Posts: 93
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 03:52
IMO B.

Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

Subject -> verb agreement errors are found in the sentence.

Errors in the sentence:
1. were -> is being used for each[singular] sales person.
2. are at the end should be replaced with 'is'
3. "members" to be replaced with singular "member"

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. [Same as original. Ignore.]
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is. [All verbs are singular as it is being referenced to one person at a time and hence is correct.]
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. [All three errors persist here. Incorrect.]
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is. [Plural members being used. Incorrect.]
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are. [First two errors persist here. Incorrect.]
Intern
Joined: 08 Jul 2019
Posts: 37
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 03:55
A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. - Subject of the sentence is "each", verb is "were". Wrong
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is. - Everything seems correct. Lets hold on to this one
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. - Subject of the sentence is "each", verb is "were". Wrong
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is. - "any OF" Wrong
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are. - Subject of the sentence is "each", verb is "were". Wrong

Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 403
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 640 Q47 V30
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 04:09
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

The intended comparison here is X is more likely to receive than Y.

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.- Incorrect. The phrase each of the is singular and must be followed by a singular verb 'was'. the pronoun are must be singular here since we are comparing one team member to another
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is. We observe that the past perfect tense is used correctly in this since there are two events happening one after another. however, we don't need past perfect tense if there's a presence of a sequencing word such as after in this sentence. This sentence seems correct except the parallelism here. Each of X is more likely than any of Y seems more precise than Each of x than Y. . though let's keep this
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.- Incorrect. same pronoun errors we saw in A are been repeated.
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is. The verb tense used in this sentence is correct, as mentioned in B, there is no need to use a past perfect tense if there is a sequencing word present. Also the comparison Each of X is more likely than any of Y perfectly makes sense
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.- Incorrect. This sentence also follows the same pronoun error repeated in C & A.

There is a close call between option choice B & D, However the winner must be D
_________________
Why do we fall?...So we can learn to pick ourselves up again
Manager
Joined: 31 Dec 2017
Posts: 83
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 04:22
1st Split: "Each of the salespeople", verb "were" and "is likely"---->Each has to be followed by singular verb.
2nd split: "the company" and verb "was acquired"---->It's ok to keep in past simple, no need to use past perfect tense, even it seems GMAT is skeptical in perfect tense usage.
3rd split: "any of the other sales team members" and verb "are"---->Any has to be followed by singular verb.
Manager
Joined: 24 Jun 2017
Posts: 71
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 04:40
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is.
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.

Each —- is likely. Therefore, eliminate C, E
that refers to salespeople, so that were is correct in the original sentence. Also past perfect is only optional since the word after is used. Each X is likely than are X members, so are is also correct.
A is correct as it is.

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Joined: 03 Aug 2009
Posts: 58
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 04:51
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

A deal breaker here is "each of 'a group': you have to use singular verb after it. Also, usually after "any of" it is more common to use singular rather than plural verb"

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
Out, as we compare each (singular) team members vs each of other team's members (also singular), therefore must use "was/is"

B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.
"member" ought to be plural, out

C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
"Were/Are" incorrect, needs to be "Was/is", Out

D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is.
Correct usage of "was/members is"

E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.
Incorrect, "Were, ....member are", Out

Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2018
Posts: 112
Re: Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2019, 04:53
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

Mistakes are bolded like this "mistake"

A. "Each of the salespeople" that "were" retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. WRONG. Instead of "were" must be 'was' because of 'Each'.
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is. RIGHT.
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are. WRONG. Instead of "were" must be 'was' because of 'Each'.
D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company "was acquired" is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is. WRONG. Wrong tense

E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are. WRONG. Instead of "were" must be 'was' because of 'Each'.
Senior Manager
Status: eternal student
Joined: 06 Mar 2018
Posts: 290
Location: Kazakhstan
GPA: 3.87
Each of the sales people that were retained after the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 19 Jul 2019, 06:14
Each of the sales people that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.

Meaning:
1. The company was acquired by someone or some other company
2. Some sales people were retained after the the company was acquired
3. Each of these sales people is more likely to receive a promotion
4. than any of the other sales team members that joined the company after the company was acquired

Errors:
Attachment:

A.PNG [ 27.43 KiB | Viewed 210 times ]

The main aspect tested here is SV agreement, to make this agreement correct we have to be able to correctly identify plurality of the subject and subject itself.

Attachment:

Each.PNG [ 27.14 KiB | Viewed 211 times ]

for example:
1. Every man and woman is required to check in. Each-singular subject - correct
2. Three cats each eat fish. Each has nothing to do with plural subject - correct

Here each takes is so we are fine

'that' refers to 'people'
'people' depending on the context can be singular or plural. In our given context 'people' is singular - so we need singular verb.
'any' also depending on the context can be singular or plural. In our given context 'people' is singular - so we need singular verb.

POE

A. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
C. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company had been acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members are.
E. Each of the salespeople that were retained after the company was acquired are more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member are.

So we are left with (B) and (D).
B is rather interesting choice, 'had been acquired' seems that implying that company first acquired then there is likelihood of people staying there or not.
But to me difference is not so crucial, we have 'after' clear indicator of the sequencing of the events.

SO between (B) and (D) I'm with D, 99.99%
B. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company had been acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any other sales team member is.

D. Each of the salespeople that was retained after the company was acquired is more likely to receive a promotion than any of the other sales team members is.

Attachment:

D.PNG [ 93.86 KiB | Viewed 169 times ]

_________________
My SC approach flowchart

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

___________________
"Nothing in this life is to be feared, it is only to be understood"
~ Marie Curie

Originally posted by GKomoku on 19 Jul 2019, 05:15.
Last edited by GKomoku on 19 Jul 2019, 06:14, edited 1 time in total.
Each of the sales people that were retained after the   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2019, 05:15

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5    Next  [ 98 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by