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# Each of William Kennedy's novels in the

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Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2004, 12:21
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15. Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York, a region whose history also suggested some details of the novels' plots.

(A) Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(B) Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy"-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(C) William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York,
(D) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels, is set in the area around Albany, New York,
(E) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-every one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels are set in the area around Albany, New York,

Highlight below
Step 1: What's the subject of the verb "are"? It's "each" from the beginning of the sentence. Each is singular, so "are," being plural, is incorrect. Eliminate choices (A) and (B).

Step 2: The sentence can correct this error in one of two ways: it can make "each" plural and keep the plural verb, or keep "each" singular and offer a singular verb. Choice (C) has "novelsâ€¦are" so it's okay. Choice (D) gives you "novelsâ€¦is" so eliminate it. Choice (E) gives you "every oneâ€¦are" so eliminate it.

Step 3: Choice (C) remains.

Step 4: William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York, a region whose history also suggested some details of the novels' plots. Yes.

The question is (B) is not wrong as the explaination said because "each" is in the modify phrase. Can someone tell me why (B) is wrong?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 16 Nov 2013, 12:00, edited 1 time in total.

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19 Dec 2004, 13:30
'B' should have a singular verb 'is' instead of 'are' to go with the subject 'each of them'

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20 Dec 2004, 06:04
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'B' is wrong because of incorrect usage of pronoun "them" and not because of 'each---are' combination

The usage of 'are' is correct in choice B, because 'each' is in the modifying clause. i,e, you can read the sentence correctly, by neglecting the portion within dashes.
in that case, the sentence will become "Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,......blah blah.,," which is perfect.

However, the problem is with the modifying phrase itself.
.....each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy...... its incorrect use of "them".

You cannot use "them" to refer to books. Had it been "these", then the sentence wud have been correct.

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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2013, 03:45
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2013, 03:50
can somebody please explain why b is wrong?

8 year bump ftw:D

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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2013, 12:07
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amostofi1999 wrote:
can somebody please explain why b is wrong?

8 year bump ftw:D

Hello amostofi

Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York, a region whose history also suggested some details of the novels' plots.

(A) Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
Wrong. S-V agreement problem. "each + nouns" ==> singular. Thus, "are" is wrong.

(B) Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy"-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
Wrong. B switches main subject "each of WK's novels" to modifier. Modifier is just the additional part of the sentence. We can't omit it without meaning changes. But that's not the case here.

(C) William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York,
Correct.

(D) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels, is set in the area around Albany, New York,
Wrong. S-V agreement problem.

(E) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-every one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels are set in the area around Albany, New York,
Wrong. If we delete the modifier ==> The sentence becomes: Novels by WK every one of the "Albany Trilogy novels..." <== very awkward sentence. Definitely wrong.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2013, 22:01
thanks a lot! this makes a lot more sense than the official explanation.
this is from the online quizzes that come with Kaplan GMAT Premier book, and as you see in the first post, kaplan claims b was wrong because of subject-verb agreement!

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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2016, 11:57
Each of X is Y - this is the correct subject-verb form singular-singular.

Clearly C is only one with this structure while other choices have rhetorical constructions.

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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2016, 03:51
pqhai: In option A: Each of the novels..and billy phelan's..As there are two different subjects, marked by coordinating conjunction 'and' the verb 'are' should make sense, right.?

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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2016, 02:06
narendran1990 wrote:
pqhai: In option A: Each of the novels..and billy phelan's..As there are two different subjects, marked by coordinating conjunction 'and' the verb 'are' should make sense, right.?

No, the subject is just "Each of the novels".

The trilogy consists of 3 books (the reason that it called trilogy):
1. Ironweed
2. Legs
3. Billy Phelan's Greatest Game

"Billy phelan's game" game is the third item of the list (within the modifier between two dashes) and NOT the second subject.

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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2016, 06:03
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qhoc0010 wrote:
15. Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York, a region whose history also suggested some details of the novels' plots.

(A) Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(B) Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy"-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(C) William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York,
(D) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels, is set in the area around Albany, New York,
(E) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-every one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels are set in the area around Albany, New York,

Subject that starts with 'each' must have singular verb.

(A) Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(B) Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy"-are set in the area around Albany, New York,. 'them novels' is not correct
(C) William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York,
(D) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels, is set in the area around Albany, New York, 'Albany trilogy' and other novels mentioned are different. Not the intended meaning
(E) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-every one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels are set in the area around Albany, New York, 'Albany trilogy' and other novels mentioned are different. Not the intended meaning
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 12:31
qhoc0010 wrote:
15. Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York, a region whose history also suggested some details of the novels' plots.

SV agreement is tested here.

(A) Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(B) Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy"-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(C) William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York,
(D) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels, is set in the area around Albany, New York,
(E) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-every one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels are set in the area around Albany, New York,
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2016, 02:57
The word "Each" comes with the auxiiliary verb "is". It does not take "are". This helps eliminate A,B and E.

Option D: The sentence structure falls apart if we remove the text between the two hyphens and evaluate the statement.

Hence, C
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2016, 02:57
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