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# Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill

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Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 18 Aug 2018, 06:54
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Question Stats:

62% (01:38) correct 38% (02:00) wrong based on 1578 sessions

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Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

(A) annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided

(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing

(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing

(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided

(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2000-06-04/is-your-office-killing-you

U.S. companies could save as much as \$58 billion annually by preventing sick-building illnesses and an additional \$200 billion in worker performance improvements by creating offices with better indoor air, say researchers William J. Fisk and Arthur H. Rosenfeld of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, Calif. The researchers also found that the financial benefits of improving office climates can be 8 to 17 times larger than the costs of making those improvements. And the same VOCs that affect people can also harm expensive equipment. They create a film that covers computer circuit boards and telephone switches, causing them to blink or conk out, say Telcordia Technologies Inc. senior scientists Charles J. Weschler and Helen Shields. Just fixing those faulty phone wires has cost telecommunications companies more than \$100 million over the past 10 years, they say.

Answer says E, however "preventing illness" and "if they simply provided" don't seem to be parallel...Any thoughts? A, B, C are out since "each year" makes "annually" redundant. Yet I don't see a good choice between D and E either

Originally posted by synecdoche on 26 Jun 2012, 05:21.
Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Aug 2018, 06:54, edited 6 times in total.
Formatted the question.
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 07:09
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Hi there,

Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

You have eliminated choice A, B, and C correctly for redundancy issue.

This is the sentence with Choice D: Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

There are two issues with this sentence.
1. “employee illness prevention” seems to be some program or the name of some policy that the companies seem to have. Preposition “in” makes it sound like one. This is not very idiomatic per the context of the sentence. The sentence is saying is “how” companies could save. It could “by” doing a certain thing. Hence, “in employee prevention” does not fit here.
2. The phrase “through improving performance of workers” is not idiomatic again. After “through” we need a noun entity because “through” is a preposition. “improving” suggests an action here.

Choice E is an error free answer choice. It uses all the expressions correctly.

Now, the entities that need to be parallel are “could save as much as…” and “(could) gain as much as…”, because these are the two things that the companies in the US could do. These two entities are parallel.

Another thing is that this sentence has the “if… then…” construction. However, the “if” clause appears later in this sentence. The “then” clause is written in past tense “could save” and “could gain”. So the “if” clause should also be in past tense. In choice E, both these clause are in past tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 12:56
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synecdoche wrote:
Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

(A) Same
(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided

Take it Simple dude,

In the beginning of the sentence you see Each year, all choices except E and D have annually, so get rid of them.

In D "they" wrongly refers to employees when the sentence intends to say it about companies. SO D is wrong.
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 26 Jun 2012, 08:06
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synecdoche wrote:
Hi, I wasn't saying D is correct instead of E. When I saw it, I couldn't decide what to answer. You're correct about the "employee illness prevention", but in E, shouldn't it be "through improved worker performance by simply providing offices" instead of "through improved worker performance if they simply provided offices" as that'd be parallel to "by preventing illness....". That's the part I'm not sure about.

Hi,

If you read Choice E carefully, you will see that the two entities that are parallel are:
a. could save as much as \$58 billion by preventing illness among employees
b. could gain as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance

If you carefully analyze these two entities, you will see that the first part till “billion” are absolutely parallel to each other and there is no confusion about that. Now, what should be parallel to “by preventing illness among employees” is “through improved worker performance”. Why? It is because the companies could save “by” preventing illness among employees, and the companies could gain “through” improved worker performance. The ways how companies could save and gain have been written in prepositional phrases beginning with “by” and “through” respectively.

Structurally again “verb-ing modifier” preventing illness among employees” and verb-ed modifier “improved worker performance” are parallel.

The important thing is to identify the correct parallel list. Now the gains could not be made by providing offices with cleaner air. This is a condition.

If the companies provided offices with cleaner air, then they could do things (these need to be parallel):
a. could save as much as \$58 billion by preventing illness among employees
b. could gain as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance

Cleaner air could not just help the companies gain by doing something but also help them save by doing something. Both these things could be the outcome if the companies provided the offices with cleaner air. Hence, the two outcomes should be parallel. By making “by preventing…” and “by providing…”, we will make the condition parallel to just one of the outcomes, and this is not logical per the context of the sentence.

Hence, make sure to identify the correct list in the sentence to ensure correct parallelism.

Hope this helps.
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Originally posted by egmat on 26 Jun 2012, 07:53.
Last edited by egmat on 26 Jun 2012, 08:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2012, 00:56
1
ABC is are redundant as Each year with annually is not acceptable

(D) in employee illness prevention
Quote:
(save in employee illness prevention is not idiomatic)
and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
(E) by preventing illness among employees
Quote:
(Object of Verb Save)
and gain
Quote:
(parallel with save)
as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided
I think E is the right answer
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2012, 18:54
1
synecdoche wrote:
Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided

Answer says E, however "preventing illness" and "if they simply provided" don't seem to be parallel...Any thoughts? A, B, C are out since "each year" makes "annually" redundant. Yet I don't see a good choice between D and E either

In case of D, "they" could refer to companies or workers.
In E, this pronoun-antecedent is fixed by using "improved worker performance"if they simply provided. In case of E, they can refer only to companies. Hence i chose E.
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 06:00
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asax wrote:
The difference between A and E is annually - could some1 tell me why annually isnt needed

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Hi there,

We don't need "annually" is the correct answer choice because the sentence begins with "Each year". The sentence is begins by saying that companies each year could save by doing something and gain by doing something. Presence of "Each year" makes "annually" redundant as they both mean the same thing.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2014, 22:21
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Look at sentence specially non underlined part, it will always help to eliminate few options

Like in this sentence : started with Each year and annually (Redundant )

Left with now D and E , here we are talking how company can save in D it says in employee illness (wrong )
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2016, 02:23
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The fact is this question is a piece of cake and not as tough as it appears in the first glance.
Sometimes being a little attentive can eliminate 3 or 4 wrong options in 2 seconds

Lets examine this question here.. No need to go into parallelism, sentence construction, meaning etc etc.

EACH YEAR companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion ANNUALLY by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

Now see the sentence starts with "EACH YEAR", so "ANNUALLY" in OPTION A, B and C is redundant.

(A) annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices
(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing

(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
Improving is incorrect. The companies themselves are not improving the performance of the worker. It's the clean air that will cause improved performance.
The sentence is also awkward. Employee illness prevention is not parallel with through improving performace

(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided

synecdoche wrote:
Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices[/u] with cleaner air.

(A) Same
(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided

Answer says E, however "preventing illness" and "if they simply provided" don't seem to be parallel...Any thoughts? A, B, C are out since "each year" makes "annually" redundant. Yet I don't see a good choice between D and E either

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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 07:20
egmat wrote:
Hi there,

Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

You have eliminated choice A, B, and C correctly for redundancy issue.

This is the sentence with Choice D: Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

There are two issues with this sentence.
1. “employee illness prevention” seems to be some program or the name of some policy that the companies seem to have. Preposition “in” makes it sound like one. This is not very idiomatic per the context of the sentence. The sentence is saying is “how” companies could save. It could “by” doing a certain thing. Hence, “in employee prevention” does not fit here.
2. The phrase “through improving performance of workers” is not idiomatic again. After “through” we need a noun entity because “through” is a preposition. “improving” suggests an action here.

Choice E is an error free answer choice. It uses all the expressions correctly.

Now, the entities that need to be parallel are “could save as much as…” and “(could) gain as much as…”, because these are the two things that the companies in the US could do. These two entities are parallel.

Another thing is that this sentence has the “if… then…” construction. However, the “if” clause appears later in this sentence. The “then” clause is written in past tense “could save” and “could gain”. So the “if” clause should also be in past tense. In choice E, both these clause are in past tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Hi, I wasn't saying D is correct instead of E. When I saw it, I couldn't decide what to answer. You're correct about the "employee illness prevention", but in E, shouldn't it be "through improved worker performance by simply providing offices" instead of "through improved worker performance if they simply provided offices" as that'd be parallel to "by preventing illness....". That's the part I'm not sure about.
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2012, 23:35
I think the employees are no contenders for the antecedence of –they - in D or E. After all employees are not expected to provide cleaner offices; the onus of that lies on the companies.

The more serious problem is the categorization as – in employee illness prevention -. Even in E , the phrase –improved worker performance – can be improved to – improved workers’ performance –Overall , it is ok to go with E.
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 05:15
The difference between A and E is annually - could some1 tell me why annually isnt needed

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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 19:47
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"By preventing illness" and "through improved worker performance" indicate HOW companies can save costs. "IN employee illness prevention" indicates WHERE companies can save costs. So, aside from the change in meaning, D is not parallel.
To make D parallel, the second phrase should start with "in" (or another appropriate preposition).

There is another, more subtle, problem with D. The missing article in "improving performance" makes the construction problematic. Do they mean through "THE improving performance" (in which "improving" functions as an adjective and suggests that the improvement occurs independently of the companies' intervention) or through "improving THE performance" (in which "improving" functions as a verb-ing noun and suggests that the companies have some role to play)?

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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2019, 06:41
Each year companies in United States could save as much as \$58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

(A) annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided.

Each and Annually redundant

(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing.\

Each and Annually redundant

(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing

Each and Annually redundant

(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as \$200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided.

1) \$58 B in Employee illness prevention creates wrong meaning
2) Through improving Performance is not correct.

(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as \$200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2019, 21:15
I 'm in a quandary to choose between D & E bcz they don't 've any redundancy issue such as each year & annually just like A ,B & C do have . But eventually I 've selected the wrong one D . In E , I think there is a problem ' worker performance ' it should be written in possessive sense ' workers ' performance ' . Isn't it ?
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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2019, 22:31
soumya170293 wrote:
I 'm in a quandary to choose between D & E bcz they don't 've any redundancy issue such as each year & annually just like A ,B & C do have . But eventually I 've selected the wrong one D . In E , I think there is a problem ' worker performance ' it should be written in possessive sense ' workers ' performance ' . Isn't it ?

that split between D and E is a tough one (through improving / through improved). You'd be better off focusing on the start of the sentence (by preventing / in prevention). This is an easier idiom, and you can test it by making your own example,
e.g.
"I'll save \$100 by purchasing cheaper food", rather than "I'll save \$100 in cheaper food purchase."

** The question is not just about "improved" vs. "improving," but about the context of these words. Each is preceded by the word "through." We cannot say "through improving," but rather "through the improved performance." We need a noun to follow "through." "Through" is a preposition - what is to be the object of this preposition unless a noun of some sort? The word "improving" is incorrect here.

** if you're interpreting "improving performance" as a noun——as in Improving your performance beyond a certain point is hard——then the sentence doesn't make sense. the company doesn't save money in the process of improving its workers' performance. (if anything, that sort of training costs money.) what helps the company save money? the better performance itself does. so, you need adjective + "performance".

* Also "\$58 billion n in employees" is nonsense. because "\$xxxx in yyyyy" would mean that yyyy is something that can actually be measured in dollars. E.g., By driving a hybrid car, I will save thousands of dollars in fuel costs. Your business can save over \$10,000 per month in shipping costs by using XYZ Courier Service.

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Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as \$58 bill   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2019, 22:31
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