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# Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of

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Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2007, 08:36
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Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for
(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for
(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid
(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to
(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by daagh on 21 Oct 2013, 07:22, edited 4 times in total.
Correct the question
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11 Jul 2007, 08:44
I am between A and C. C does seems shorter, but I am not sure if you eliminate the word for, will it change the meaning of the sentence? I will probably choose A.
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11 Jul 2007, 09:37
I think i have seen this one but we probably dont have 'may' underlined or do we? If it is underlined then C,D and E are automatically elliminated.

So, everything as it is then the answer must be A because B wouldn't make sense.

Assuming 'may' is NOT underlined then, I believe OA may be D?

Eating sw fish may cause a significant reduction in...and (a significant) aid to sufferers of X.

Last edited by asaf on 11 Jul 2007, 09:43, edited 2 times in total.
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11 Jul 2007, 09:37
I'm not satisfied with any, but will go with C .
ont you think 'reduces' should be used instead of 'reduce ' in C. Anyway, if were to pick one answer, i would still go with C
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11 Jul 2007, 12:51
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trahul4 wrote:
I'm not satisfied with any, but will go with C .
ont you think 'reduces' should be used instead of 'reduce ' in C. Anyway, if were to pick one answer, i would still go with C

There is no ambuguity in C.
Underlining in the question is Wrong.
If you look at the Option A, it states "significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for".
So "may" should not be underlined in the question.
"may" will require plural verb so C is Right.

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

So C has:
- proper S-V agreement
- Parallelism
- Correct Idiom "aid + person/thing"

- Brajesh
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Re: SC1000 #272 Saltwater Fish [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2007, 13:04
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It looks like choice is betwen A and C.
I will go with C, see below

bmwhype2 wrote:
272. Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for ---"also" is redundant, "for" makes sentence structure unparallel
(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for
(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid ---Perfect and Correct
(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to
(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding

There were previous posts on this question but there were inherent typos in those threads. I reposted this question for further clarification.
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11 Jul 2007, 23:08
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It has to be C
You cannot "aid for sufferers", so A & B are out bc 'aid' is an active verb in this case.
You cannot "aid to sufferers" so bye-bye D.
And E has agreement issues btw "reduce" and "as well as aiding"
C it is by POE and by the fact that reduce and aid both act as active verbs in their respective clauses.
BTW, because may is part of the actual sentence, it should be "may significantly reduce" and not "may significantly reduces", to answer trahul4's question.
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12 Jul 2007, 02:29
yes if may is part of the sentence then usage of reduce is correct.
But if may is not used, then i believe we should use reduces.. any comments ?
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Re: SC1000 #272 Saltwater Fish [#permalink]

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06 May 2011, 03:17
It is C and OA is also C
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2012, 09:15
+1 C

Parallelism: reduce...AND...aid. Both must be working verbs.
When aid acts as a working verb, the correct idiom is "aid (object)"

We don't need "aid for".
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2012, 10:09
+1 C

A similar type of question was on veritas preps mock test
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2012, 21:21
I have chosen C for this question:

A. "Aid for" is not correct here - it seems to be acting as a noun that is parallel to risk. This makes no sense.

B. Same as A. If "aid" was used as a verb, it wouldn't be parallel to "reducing," so this answer choice is incorrect in either case.

C. This is the correct answer. The verb "aid" is parallel to reduce and the meaning of the sentence is clear.

D. Again, "aid to" seems to act as a noun that is parallel to risk, but this meaning doesn't make any sense. Also, "cause a significant reduction in the risk..." seems wordy - this could definitely be more concise.

E. We have a parallelism error here - reduce and aiding are not parallel.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2012, 23:15
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I go with C as well.

The question tests "and" parallelism. In B, maybe significant in reducing is wrong usage. Same goes with D, may cause a significant reduction in...
In E, as well as is the parallel marker but aiding is not parallel with reduce.
So, that leaves us with A and C. A is wrong because of ALSO, which is redundant when and is present. I don't know about aid for. But considering idiomatic is not of much emphasis in the new version, I prefer to rule out based on ALSO rather than AID FOR..
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2012, 07:56
C for me too it incorporates the correct parallelism
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 08:50
bmwhype2 wrote:
272. Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for
(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for
(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid
(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to
(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding

There were previous posts on this question but there were inherent typos in those threads. I reposted this question for further clarification.

IMO Answer C. I chose C over A since-

1. Grammatically more correct and perfectly parallel- reduce the risk and aid
2. Does not use "also" and makes the entire sentence unambiguous.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2013, 10:51
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Hi bagdmba,

This is in response to the question you asked in the thread: various-functions-of-verb-ing-words-158049.html#p1258698

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

The phrase “aid for” is a noun phrase which means “help for”. For example:
UN’s aid for Somalia children reaches them on time.

But in this sentence "aid" must be parallel to “reduce” and hence, must be a verb to become grammatically parallel to “reduce”. When “aid” is used as verb, we cannot use preposition after it.

o UN aids Somalia children by providing them with food and medicines.

Now, the manner in which “aid” is used in this sentence makes it illogically parallel to the risk of heart attacks: - i.e. eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce two things

o The risk of heart attack
o Aid for sufferers of arthritis – illogical implying that actual “aid” for arthritis patients may be reduced.

Thus, it is very important to use words in their correct form, otherwise meaning can be thoroughly distorted. In this sentence, we were able to infer the intended logical meaning. Based on this understanding, we should select the answer that communicates the logical meaning.

PoE:

(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for: Incorrect. As in choice A, this choice also communicates illogical meaning. In this choice is means in reducing “the risk…” and (in reducing) “aid for…”.

(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid: Correct answer.

(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to: Incorrect.
1. As in choice A, this choice also communicated illogical meaning. There are two possible lists here. But each is illogical.

a. List 1- eating saltwater fish cause a significant reduction in
i. the risk of heart attack and
ii. aid to sufferers

b. List 2- eating saltwater fish cause
i. a significant reduction in the risk of heart attack and
ii. aid to sufferers

2. Cause aid to sufferers is awkward and wordy. We say – provide aid to sufferers, not cause aid to sufferers.

(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding: Incorrect. “aiding” is verb-ing of “aid” which not parallel to “reduce”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2013, 02:47

It's clear now.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2013, 23:53
"Eating saltwater fish may significantly..."

How can we know if fish used in the above sentence is singular or plural?
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 00:16
HarishLearner wrote:
"Eating saltwater fish may significantly..."

How can we know if fish used in the above sentence is singular or plural?

Hi HarishLearner

"Fish" is both singular and plural. We do not say "fishes". (may be we can see "fishes" in old bible, but it's rare.)
Example: I have 3 fish. (not 3 fishes).
Other example: deer, beer, etc.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 02:31
pqhai wrote:
HarishLearner wrote:
"Eating saltwater fish may significantly..."

How can we know if fish used in the above sentence is singular or plural?

Hi HarishLearner

"Fish" is both singular and plural. We do not say "fishes". (may be we can see "fishes" in old bible, but it's rare.)
Example: I have 3 fish. (not 3 fishes).
Other example: deer, beer, etc.

Hope it's clear.

I know they are both singular and plural. In this context, is it singular or plural? For example, if "may" was not there, it would be "Eating Saltwater Fish reduces"
so we are using singular verb. Which means we assume fish to be singular. Why so?

Also I think fishes can be used to refer to different types of fishes or schools of fish.

eg: Salmon and Carp are good fishes.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2013, 02:31

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