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# Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact

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Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2008, 06:51
12
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Question 1
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Question Stats:

73% (01:47) correct 27% (01:32) wrong based on 427

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Question 2
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73% (00:44) correct 27% (00:29) wrong based on 425

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Question 3
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Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) explain why a particular business strategy has been less successful than was once anticipated

(B) propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently caused ecological damage

(C) present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular business strategy

(D) make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is currently practiced

(E) suggest several possible outcomes of companies’ failure to understand the economic impact of a particular business strategy

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

2. The passage mentions which of the following as a possible consequence of companies’ realization of greater profits through ecoefficiency?

(A) The companies may be able to sell a greater number of products by lowering prices.

(B) The companies may be better able to attract investment capital in the global market.

(C) The profits may be reinvested to increase economic growth through ecoefficiency.

(D) The profits may be used as investment capital for industries that are not ecoefficient.

(E) The profits may encourage companies to make further innovations in reducing production waste.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

3. The passage implies that which of the following is a possible consequence of a company’s adoption of innovations that increase its ecoefficiency?

(A) Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further improvements in ecoefficiency.

(B) Company growth fostered by cost savings from such innovations may allow that company to manufacture a greater number of products that will be used and discarded, thus worsening environmental stress.

(C) A company that fails to realize significant cost savings from such innovations may have little incentive to continue to minimize the environmental impact of its production processes.

(D) A company that comes to depend on such innovations to increase its profits and growth may be vulnerable in the global market to competition from old-style eco-inefficient industries.

(E) A company that meets its ecoefficiency goals is unlikely to invest its increased profits in the development of new and innovative ecoefficiency measures.

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 10 Sep 2017, 04:12, edited 2 times in total.
Question 2 removed since it is unavailable in OG 13th Edition.

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2008, 08:10
IMO

C
B
D
B

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2011, 03:51

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 06:37
This is what i got, not sure
4-C
5-A - why 5 is B ?
6-D
7-B

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 06:58
singalong ,

Ans choice D says: D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is currently practiced.

--> The passage no were say of applying any new or alternative business strategy. Word in the ans D : "case for applying " - i think this is the catch.

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 07:14
this is what i got:

4 C
5 A
6 D
7 B

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 09:09
3
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Quote:
Singalong:

The answer to Q4 is C and you can get that when you outline the passage on your first read - connecting the dots.

As you read the answer choices, it's important that you make clear what "a particular business strategy" refers to.

D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is
currently practiced

Key Points
1. What is this "particular business strategy"?
2. Is there a case for applying it on a larger scale than currently practiced?

1. After your first read of the passage, you should be able to break down the following:

First sentence is an introduction of what ecoefficiency is: that it's a goal!
Second sentence provides the PERSPECTIVE: provides peter and goran's perspective. What is this perspective? That ADOPTING ecoefficiency innovations WORSEN the environment!
Next 3 points of the passage help support this perspective: that THIS BUSINESS STRATEGY is bad for the environment for 3 reasons.
Lastly, Peter/Goran encourage folks to focus on ALTERNATIVES, not what they are currently doing which is focusing on ecoefficiency innovations.

The question is a "PRIMARY PURPOSE" - type question. We know it MUST connect the dots throughout the passage in order to qualify as being a correct answer.

So.....applying a business strategy on larger scale....?

Hmmm.....actually, no!. The perspective in this passage is that the current business strategy is BAD. They should be focusing on ALTERNATIVES, not making that strategy even bigger than it is!

So if you used sentence structure to help you breakdown and figure out the author's PERSPECTIVE, you should be able to see that D is COMPLETELY WRONG!

When it comes to reading comprehension passages, you really need to use sentence structure to help you figure out what PERSPECTIVE the author is taking.

THis question is actually from the Official Guide and as such, I did a video tutorial explaining my thought process as I read this passage for the first time. It's only available for my members but if you want to browse the other demos, you'll start seeing that piecing together sentence structure is going to be the key to DOMINATING the RC Section of the GMAT Exam.

Video Explanation
http://www.gmatpill.com/special/verbal- ... iency.html

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 22:39
thanks a lot.

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2012, 20:49
"Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models."

The last 3 sentences(above) talk about Senge and Carstedt making a point that businesses MUST develop...blah blah.. approach... which offers BUSINESS CASE...

Thats why I chose D.

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2012, 04:33
I have a question on #7.. Majority is going for answer B. But I am not understanding why that is a viable answer because. The passage suggests that the reduction in costs will not alter the total number of products being manufactured.

The last sentence says that Focusing
exclusively on ecoefficiency,
(50) which offers a compelling
to established thinking, may
distract companies from
models.

That is the case unless the authors suggestions is adopted, correct. So I am getting the answer as E.

they will stops innovations.

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2012, 04:18
4 C
5 A
6 D
7 B
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2012, 21:13
C
A
D
B

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 15:15
I don't understand why the answer in Q7 cannot be choice A.

The text says:
"Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries".

And that's what choice A says!. Check it out:
"Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that
company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further
improvements in ecoefficiency.
"

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2012, 03:26
2
KUDOS
I had exactly the same doubt metallicafan.
The explanation for this question suck in OG.

Quote:
The text says:
"Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries".

And that's what choice A says!. Check it out:
"Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that
company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further
improvements in ecoefficiency."

This is how I convinced myself that B is better than A.

Text : No guarantee of future effeciency. profits --> old style INEFFICIENT companies
Answer choice : Profits --> ECOFFICIENT companies. No guarantee of future effeciency.

I think the difference lies in the companies where the profits are invested.

Please correct me if I am wrong.

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2012, 23:05
vksunder wrote:
Ecoefficiency (measures
to minimize environmental
impact through the reduction
Line or elimination of waste from
(5) production processes) has
become a goal for companies
worldwide, with many realizing
significant cost savings from
such innovations. Peter Senge
(10) and Goran Carstedt see this
development as laudable but
ecoefficiency innovations could
actually worsen environmental
(15) stresses in the future. Such
innovations reduce production
waste but do not alter the number
of products manufactured
nor the waste generated from
(20) their use and discard; indeed,
most companies invest in ecoefficiency
improvements in
order to increase profits and
growth. Moreover, there is
(25) no guarantee that increased
economic growth from ecoefficiency
will come in similarly
ecoefficient ways, since in
today’s global markets,
(30) greater profits may be turned
into investment capital that
could easily be reinvested
in old-style eco-inefficient
industries. Even a vastly
(35) more ecoefficient industrial
system could, were it to grow
much larger, generate more
total waste and destroy more
habitat and species than would
(40) a smaller, less ecoefficient
economy. Senge and Carstedt
argue that to preserve the
global environment and sustain
(45) must develop a new systemic
approach that reduces total
material use and total accumulated
waste. Focusing
exclusively on ecoefficiency,
(50) which offers a compelling
to established thinking, may
distract companies from
models.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q4:
The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. explain why a particular business strategy has been less successful than was once
anticipated
B. propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently
caused ecological damage
C. present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular
D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is
currently practiced
E. suggest several possible outcomes of companies’ failure to understand the
economic impact of a particular business strategy
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q5:
According to the passage, an exclusive pursuit of ecoefficiency may cause companies to
A. neglect the development of alternative business models and products
B. keep the number of products that they manufacture unchanged
C. invest capital from increased profits primarily in inefficient and outmoded
industries that may prove unprofitable
D. overemphasize the production process as the key to increasing profits and growth
E. focus more on reducing costs than on reducing the environmental impact of
production processes
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q6:
The passage mentions which of the following as a possible consequence of companies’
realization of greater profits through ecoefficiency?
A. The companies may be able to sell a greater number of products by lowering
prices.
B. The companies may be better able to attract investment capital in the global
market.
C. The profits may be reinvested to increase economic growth through ecoefficiency.
D. The profits may be used as investment capital for industries that are not
ecoefficient.
E. The profits may encourage companies to make further innovations in reducing
production waste.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q7:
The passage implies that which of the following is a possible consequence of a
company’s adoption of innovations that increase its ecoefficiency?
A. Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that
company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further
improvements in ecoefficiency.
B. Company growth fostered by cost savings from such innovations may allow that
company to manufacture a greater number of products that will be used and
C. A company that fails to realize significant cost savings from such innovations
may have little incentive to continue to minimize the environmental impact of its
production processes.
D. A company that comes to depend on such innovations to increase its profits and
growth may be vulnerable in the global market to competition from old-style ecoinefficient
industries.
E. A company that meets its ecoefficiency goals is unlikely to invest its increased
profits in the development of new and innovative ecoefficiency measures.

Q:6..how it can b D?? m not geting
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2012, 23:24
Complete passage is discussed at the below mentioned link
ecoefficiency-measures-to-minimize-environmental-impact-67255.html

Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today's global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.

The passage implies that which of the following is a possible consequence of a company's adoption of innovations that increase its ecoefficiency?
A) Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further improvements in ecoefficiency.
B) Company growth fostered by cost savings from such innovations may allow that company to manufacture a greater number of products that will be used and discarded, thus worsening environmental stress.
C) A company that fails to realize significant cost savings from such innovations may have little incentive to continue to minimize the environmental impact of its production processes.
D) A company that comes to depend on such innovations to increase its profits and growth may be vulnerable in the global market to competition from old-style eco-inefficient industries.
E) A company that meets its ecoefficiency goals is unlikely to invest its increased profits in the development of new and innovative ecoefficiency measures.

Hi,
How would you go about working your way through the answers here? Few tips would be great.
Thanks!

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2012, 21:58
1
KUDOS
Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today's global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.

The passage implies that which of the following is a possible consequence of a company's adoption of innovations that increase its ecoefficiency?

A) Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further improvements in ecoefficiency. Wrong: author does not tell if they r going to improve further or not ..but he tells they might invest in eco in-efficient industries

B) Company growth fostered by cost savings from such innovations may allow that company to manufacture a greater number of products that will be used and discarded, thus worsening environmental stress.
Correct : Clearly mentioned in the passage

C) A company that fails to realize significant cost savings from such innovations may have little incentive to continue to minimize the environmental impact of its production processes.
Wrong: we are not discussing about losses the company will bear if not adopting these innvoations

D) A company that comes to depend on such innovations to increase its profits and growth may be vulnerable in the global market to competition from old-style eco-inefficient industries.
Wrong: Shell game ...few words make the whole sentence wrong...no where written they will be vulnerable to old style industries

E) A company that meets its ecoefficiency goals is unlikely to invest its increased profits in the development of new and innovative ecoefficiency measures.
Nothing is said about further development, only written they are likely to invest in in-efficient indutsies
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2012, 18:55
very hard question.
no-clue question gives us no relevant place in the passage.

from understanding the passage, find the most likely correct choices and return to the passage to confirm this choice.

I choose A.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2013, 05:18
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Complete discussion is given at the below mentioned link
ecoefficiency-measures-to-minimize-environmental-impact-67255.html

Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.
The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. explain why a particular business strategy has been less successful than was once anticipated
B. propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently caused ecological damage
C. present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular business strategy
D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is currently practiced
E. suggest several possible outcomes of companies’ failure to understand the economic impact of a particular business strategy

Need to know any approach(POE/OCTAVE) to get the answer.

Edit: by carcass

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2013, 18:01
Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.

Highlighted text is the key point for this passage.
So in short "Senge says an issue in companies for which he didnt even state solution"

Lets go to POE

The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. explain why a particular business strategy has been less successful than was once anticipated
--- Author does not explain any business strategy -- Incorrect
B. propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently caused ecological damage
--- He does not provide alternative even. Just stated a proble -- Incorrect
C. present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular business strategy
--- Yes he presents a concern caused by simply implemeting Ecoefficiency -- Correct
D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is currently practiced
--- No he does not make any case -- Incorrect
E. suggest several possible outcomes of companies’ failure to understand the economic impact of a particular business strategy
--- No suggestion here -- Incorrect

Tip:
Primary purpose of passage/ Main idea are simple question moreover you just want to understand the gist of passage.
For POE use initial words for each choice such as in this case "explain , purpose an alternative , present a concern, make a case, suggest "
Simply on the fly u can eliminate A,C,E because author does any.
You just really wanna do POE for B and C.
Finally C will be winner
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact   [#permalink] 18 Jan 2013, 18:01

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