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Economic considerations color every aspect of international

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Re: Aristotle CR. Economic considerations colour every aspect of [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2013, 03:15
I was confused too between C and D. But C does fill the gap between premise and conclusion. C it is.

D is against the conclusion. It is mentioned if a nation A owes money to another nation B then A can't be a world leader. So even if the B does not set the terms still A owes B money , and A can't be the world leader. An assumption does not break the conclusion but a negation of the assumption does.

Correct me if I am wrong. :)

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Re: Aristotle CR. Economic considerations colour every aspect of [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2013, 07:55
pqhai wrote:
swati007 wrote:
Doubt: Why is D wrong? What exactly does C mean by another action set?


Hi Swaiti007

This question is about "supporter assumption".

The stimulus says:
Fact: Lender sets the terms of its dealings with a nation who wants to borrow money
Conclusion: a nation that borrows money from another nation cannot be world leader

You can see the flow: Lender sets terms of borrowing to A nation who wants to borrow ==> This nation cannot be World leader.
The assumption should connect "terms of borrowing" to "world leader".
The assumption should be: Any nation who has terms of borrowing that are set by another nation ==> cannot be world leader

C says: A nation that has the terms of its dealings with another action set by that nation cannot be a world leader.
It means: X, who has the terms of X's dealing with Y set by Y, cannot be a world leader
Hence, C is correct.

D is wrong because It's simply a reverse answer. D says: X is world leader because Y does not set terms of dealing with X. But the real assumption is: X has terms of dealing that are set by Y ==> X is not world leader.

Hope it helps.


H pqhai,

Thanks for the explanation...!! :)

Can you help me why B is incorrect??
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Re: Aristotle CR. Economic considerations colour every aspect of [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2013, 02:57
Hi jaituteja,

B cannot be correct due to the use of word "Certain"
" A nation that can set the terms of its dealings with other nations is certain to be a world leader."
The stem says that the nation cannot be a world leader if the nation it borrows from sets the rules. But it doesn't say that the nation which sets the rule will certainly be a world leader.
Hope it helps
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Re: Aristotle CR. Economic considerations colour every aspect of [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2014, 00:37
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In C term action is a typo... following is a copy from other source.

Economic considerations colour every aspect of international dealings, and nations are just like individuals in that the lender sets the terms of its dealings with the borrower. That is why a nation that owes money to another nation cannot be world leader.
The reasoning in the passage assumes which one of the following?
(A) A nation that does not lend to any other nation cannot be a world leader.
(B) A nation that can set the terms of its dealings with other nations is certain to be a world leader.
(C) A nation that has the terms of its dealings with another nation set by that nation cannot be a world leader.
(D) A nation that is a world leader can borrow from another nation as long as that other nation does not set the terms of the dealings between the two nations.
(E) A nation that has no dealings with any other nation cannot be world leader.
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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international [#permalink]

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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2015, 03:22
I just want to ask why it can not be D. I also narrowed it down to C and D, but I found that the premise says that lender sets dealings for their borrower. So I thought that the assumption should be D.

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Re: Aristotle CR. Economic considerations colour every aspect of [#permalink]

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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2016, 06:58
why is E wrong or out of context?

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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2016, 07:00
What I wanted to say that, in order to be a leader you need to have some dealings, especially commanding attitude, but if there no dealings then that nation can never be a leader

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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2016, 12:39
A,E straight away out.

I chose B initially which Says: (B) A nation that can set the terms of its dealings with other nations is certain
to be a world leader.

But, I found the wording of the statement is really strong.This is less like an assumption but seems more like a conclusion.

My answer:
(C) A nation that has the terms of its dealings with another action set by that
nation cannot be a world leader.

This perfectly fits as the answer and also matches the wording.

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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international [#permalink]

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Actually, B and C are equally strong. B says "If X happens, then Y will certainly happen." C says "If X does NOT happen, Y will certainly NOT happen."

The easiest way to spot the difference is in looking at the end result. The argument concludes that certain countries will NOT be world leaders, so we need a choice that leads to that outcome. Knowing what will guarantee leadership does not tell us what will prevent leadership. However, we could just as well look at the first part of the conditional. We are talking about countries that CANNOT set their own terms, so the premise feeds into C, not B.

A more intuitive way to look at it is that B helps us to conclude that lending countries ARE world leaders (something the argument isn't claiming), while C addresses the actual claim made in the argument: that borrowing countries cannot be world leaders.
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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 22:48
DmitryFarber wrote:
Actually, B and C are equally strong. B says "If X happens, then Y will certainly happen." C says "If X does NOT happen, Y will certainly NOT happen."

The easiest way to spot the difference is in looking at the end result. The argument concludes that certain countries will NOT be world leaders, so we need a choice that leads to that outcome. Knowing what will guarantee leadership does not tell us what will prevent leadership. However, we could just as well look at the first part of the conditional. We are talking about countries that CANNOT set their own terms, so the premise feeds into C, not B.

A more intuitive way to look at it is that B helps us to conclude that lending countries ARE world leaders (something the argument isn't claiming), while C addresses the actual claim made in the argument: that borrowing countries cannot be world leaders.


Moreover, He the word "certain" is a problem.
So B/w B and C. C is right.

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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2017, 06:02
vprabhala wrote:
Economic considerations color every aspect of international dealings, and nations are just like individuals in that the lender sets the terms of its dealings with the borrower. That is why a nation that owes money to another nation cannot be world leader.

The reasoning in the passage assumes which one of the following?

(A) A nation that does not lend to any other nation cannot be a world leader.

(B) A nation that can set the terms of its dealings with other nations is certain to be a world leader.

(C) A nation that has the terms of its dealings with another action set by that nation cannot be a world leader.

(D) A nation that is a world leader can borrow from another nation as long as that other nation does not set the terms of the dealings between the two nations.

(E) A nation that has no dealings with any other nation cannot be world leader.


"the conclusion is about nations who own the money can not be a leader, but that does not mean the other nation would be a leader." Indeed, as far as we're concerned, maybe none of them can be a world leader.

So we're concluding that a nation that owes money to another nation cannot be a world leader. But all we know from the premise about the debtor nation is that it doesn't get to set the terms of the deal -- it's the lender who gets to set the terms. So we need an assumption that says, "If you're not setting the terms of your loan, you can't be a world leader."

That's exactly what (C) says, which is why it's correct.

(A) is out because this doesn't tell us anything about the nation that owes money.

(B) also is irrelevant as we discussed; we care about the nation that borrows, not the one that lends.

(D) was tempting to me, but it's actually backwards. It's telling us that if the other nation doesn't set the terms, you can be a world leader -- but that doesn't mean you can't be a world leader if the other nation does set the terms.

(E) is incorrect because we're talking about a nation that does have dealings with other nations.
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Re: Economic considerations color every aspect of international   [#permalink] 14 Dec 2017, 06:02

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