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# Economist: On average, the emergency treatment

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Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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06 May 2008, 18:45
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Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

(A) Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year.
(B) Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home.
(C) A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls.
(D) The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since overmedication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall.
(E) A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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06 May 2008, 19:55
C, as it address the cost, which is the main point of comparison in the argument.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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06 May 2008, 20:13
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Straight C here.

Treatment cost after a fall ---------> \$11,000
Treatment program cost ---------> \$12,500

As per the passage, new treatment program cost is more so it is not justified.

C weakens this conclusion directly by stating that "after a fall there is a long term pain, the treatment cost for which is not accounted for in the first treatment average cost (\$11,000)" and hence the total cost of treatment after the new program is less.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 04:31
I AGREE ..C IS THE ANSWER FOR ME..

A AND B are not related..off conclusion..
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 06:26
sondenso wrote:
9.
Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

(A) Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year.
(B) Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home.
(C) A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls.
(D) The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since overmedication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall.
(E) A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program.

I really miss the point!

C
C increases the cost of emergency treatment...
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 04:36
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Economist: One average, the emergency treatment for...

Hi Friends I came close to C and D, but i went wrong by marking D...can anyone please explain why the answer is C?
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 05:34
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The conclusion is treatment more expensive than emergency treatment. Therefore it's not economical to go for treatment.
You need to prove this false, so C is correct. Since it shows that the argument has not considered the cost for medicine which will increase the cost. With an increase in cost the statement could become false since if the cost of surgery plus medicine is higher than the cost then treatment would be more economical. This undermines the conclusion
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 08:51
kys123 wrote:
The conclusion is treatment more expensive than emergency treatment. Therefore it's not economical to go for treatment.
You need to prove this false, so C is correct. Since it shows that the argument has not considered the cost for medicine which will increase the cost. With an increase in cost the statement could become false since if the cost of surgery plus medicine is higher than the cost then treatment would be more economical. This undermines the conclusion

Thanks a lot....makes sense..
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2014, 09:11
C is the answer- weakens the assumption.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2014, 21:20
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Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

A. Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year.

B. Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home.

C. A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls.

D. The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since over medication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall.

E. A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2014, 05:13
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Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

Weakener type question.
Conclusion: New therapeutic program is costlier that average treatment cost for fall therefor it is not justified.
Assumption.: Elderly people are not subject to more than one fall during their life-span.

A. Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year - Effects of duration of program are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

B. Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home - Places for probability of fall are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

C. A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls - Might be true. Say, average per-person cost of emergency treatment is 11,000+X (X is medication cost for long-term pain). Now, it can be less than or more than 12,500.

D. The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since over medication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall - As medication increases the chances of further fall therefore cost will be atleast more than 22,000. Therefore, new therapeutic program will be cheaper and it undermines the conclusion.

E. A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program - IT strengthen the conclusion instead of weaken it as cist of new program increase further.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2015, 17:42
dinesh86 wrote:
Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

Weakener type question.
Conclusion: New therapeutic program is costlier that average treatment cost for fall therefor it is not justified.
Assumption.: Elderly people are not subject to more than one fall during their life-span.

A. Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year - Effects of duration of program are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

B. Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home - Places for probability of fall are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

C. A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls - Might be true. Say, average per-person cost of emergency treatment is 11,000+X (X is medication cost for long-term pain). Now, it can be less than or more than 12,500.

D. The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since over medication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall - As medication increases the chances of further fall therefore cost will be atleast more than 22,000. Therefore, new therapeutic program will be cheaper and it undermines the conclusion.

E. A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program - IT strengthen the conclusion instead of weaken it as cist of new program increase further.

I think correct Ans should be C. We are talking about medication here and not about over medication so option D is irrelevant.

souvik101990 Can you please provide OA for this question?

Thanks
Ak
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2015, 15:30
C states frequency of fall, ie, the number of times elders fall. So C is right. 12500 is a one time investment. But 10000 is a "n" time investment.. Hope this clears the issue...
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2015, 09:17
In addition \$11,000 to being a "n" time investment, there is additionally a long-term pain also! Not worth the \$1,500 one-time savings.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2015, 06:27
souvik101990 OA Please ???? Is it C ???
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2015, 12:03
OA should be C.
It undermines the argument by saying that emergency treatment could cost way more than the therapeutic treatment (adding cost for medicines)
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2016, 05:00
Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

Conclusion : Therapeutic program costs \$12500 where as emergency treatment costs only \$11000 so there is no reason for a person to undergo the therapeutic program.
Assumption : Elderly person will not be injured from a fall more than once.

We need to pick an answer that weakens this assumption i.e., elderly person when injured more than once are likely to benefit from the new therapeutic program because if a person falls twice it will cost him \$22000(11 + 11) but the program cost is only \$12500 so obviously program cost is justified.

A. Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year. - This is out of scope since the argument doesn't discuss the period of the therapeutic program. We are concerned about the costs arising from emergency treatment and the therapeutic program.

B. Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home. - Out of scope for the same reasons as above.

C. A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls. - This choice says 'Frequent result' so we know it will cost more than 11k plus medication. i.e., falling twice may be 22k which is clearly less than program cost. Hence this is the best choice out of all answer options because it weakens the conclusion.

D. The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since over medication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall. - This says that the program doesn't use medication so that it can avoid frequent falls. But doesn't compare the costs of program and emergency treatment so can't be the answer. The conclusion says the cost is not justified. so we need to pick an answer where the costs are justified.

E. A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program. - This talks about the costs associated within the program itself but doesn't compare with the emergency costs.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2016, 05:31
souvik101990, could you please provide the OA?

ManviSharma wrote:
souvik101990 OA Please ???? Is it C ???
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2016, 05:19
Option D can also be eliminated on the basis that it already provides information which is present in the argument : About therapeutic program reducing chances of a fall. And since in weaken questions, we generally require outside information to be presented in order to destroy the argument, this option is not correct.

simplyanuj wrote:
dinesh86 wrote:
Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

Weakener type question.
Conclusion: New therapeutic program is costlier that average treatment cost for fall therefor it is not justified.
Assumption.: Elderly people are not subject to more than one fall during their life-span.

A. Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year - Effects of duration of program are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

B. Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home - Places for probability of fall are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

C. A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls - Might be true. Say, average per-person cost of emergency treatment is 11,000+X (X is medication cost for long-term pain). Now, it can be less than or more than 12,500.

D. The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since over medication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall - As medication increases the chances of further fall therefore cost will be atleast more than 22,000. Therefore, new therapeutic program will be cheaper and it undermines the conclusion.

E. A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program - IT strengthen the conclusion instead of weaken it as cist of new program increase further.

I think correct Ans should be C. We are talking about medication here and not about over medication so option D is irrelevant.

souvik101990 Can you please provide OA for this question?

Thanks
Ak
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2016, 08:09
+1 for C as it is clearly weakening the conclusion.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2016, 08:09

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