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# Economist: On average, the emergency treatment

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Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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06 May 2008, 18:45
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Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

(A) Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year.
(B) Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home.
(C) A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls.
(D) The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since overmedication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall.
(E) A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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06 May 2008, 18:50
C ?

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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06 May 2008, 19:55
C, as it address the cost, which is the main point of comparison in the argument.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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06 May 2008, 20:13
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Straight C here.

Treatment cost after a fall ---------> \$11,000
Treatment program cost ---------> \$12,500

As per the passage, new treatment program cost is more so it is not justified.

C weakens this conclusion directly by stating that "after a fall there is a long term pain, the treatment cost for which is not accounted for in the first treatment average cost (\$11,000)" and hence the total cost of treatment after the new program is less.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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08 May 2008, 20:36
C for me as well.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 04:31
I AGREE ..C IS THE ANSWER FOR ME..

A AND B are not related..off conclusion..

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 06:26
sondenso wrote:
9.
Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

(A) Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year.
(B) Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home.
(C) A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls.
(D) The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since overmedication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall.
(E) A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program.

I really miss the point!

C
C increases the cost of emergency treatment...

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 20:41
buzzgaurav wrote:
Straight C here.

Treatment cost after a fall ---------> \$11,000
Treatment program cost ---------> \$12,500

As per the passage, new treatment program cost is more so it is not justified.

C weakens this conclusion directly by stating that "after a fall there is a long term pain, the treatment cost for which is not accounted for in the first treatment average cost (\$11,000)" and hence the total cost of treatment after the new program is less.

It is nice!
OA is C

prateek11587 wrote:
C increases the cost of emergency treatment

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 04:36
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Economist: One average, the emergency treatment for...

Hi Friends I came close to C and D, but i went wrong by marking D...can anyone please explain why the answer is C?
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 05:34
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The conclusion is treatment more expensive than emergency treatment. Therefore it's not economical to go for treatment.
You need to prove this false, so C is correct. Since it shows that the argument has not considered the cost for medicine which will increase the cost. With an increase in cost the statement could become false since if the cost of surgery plus medicine is higher than the cost then treatment would be more economical. This undermines the conclusion

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 08:51
kys123 wrote:
The conclusion is treatment more expensive than emergency treatment. Therefore it's not economical to go for treatment.
You need to prove this false, so C is correct. Since it shows that the argument has not considered the cost for medicine which will increase the cost. With an increase in cost the statement could become false since if the cost of surgery plus medicine is higher than the cost then treatment would be more economical. This undermines the conclusion

Thanks a lot....makes sense..
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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28 May 2014, 21:22
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2014, 09:11
C is the answer- weakens the assumption.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2014, 08:02
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2014, 21:20
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Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

A. Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year.

B. Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home.

C. A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls.

D. The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since over medication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall.

E. A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2014, 05:13
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Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

Weakener type question.
Conclusion: New therapeutic program is costlier that average treatment cost for fall therefor it is not justified.
Assumption.: Elderly people are not subject to more than one fall during their life-span.

A. Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year - Effects of duration of program are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

B. Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home - Places for probability of fall are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

C. A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls - Might be true. Say, average per-person cost of emergency treatment is 11,000+X (X is medication cost for long-term pain). Now, it can be less than or more than 12,500.

D. The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since over medication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall - As medication increases the chances of further fall therefore cost will be atleast more than 22,000. Therefore, new therapeutic program will be cheaper and it undermines the conclusion.

E. A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program - IT strengthen the conclusion instead of weaken it as cist of new program increase further.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2015, 17:42
dinesh86 wrote:
Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

Weakener type question.
Conclusion: New therapeutic program is costlier that average treatment cost for fall therefor it is not justified.
Assumption.: Elderly people are not subject to more than one fall during their life-span.

A. Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year - Effects of duration of program are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

B. Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home - Places for probability of fall are not in discussion. Moreover, severity or seriousness of fall are not discussed.

C. A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls - Might be true. Say, average per-person cost of emergency treatment is 11,000+X (X is medication cost for long-term pain). Now, it can be less than or more than 12,500.

D. The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since over medication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall - As medication increases the chances of further fall therefore cost will be atleast more than 22,000. Therefore, new therapeutic program will be cheaper and it undermines the conclusion.

E. A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program - IT strengthen the conclusion instead of weaken it as cist of new program increase further.

I think correct Ans should be C. We are talking about medication here and not about over medication so option D is irrelevant.

souvik101990 Can you please provide OA for this question?

Thanks
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2015, 15:30
C states frequency of fall, ie, the number of times elders fall. So C is right. 12500 is a one time investment. But 10000 is a "n" time investment.. Hope this clears the issue...

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2015, 09:17
In addition \$11,000 to being a "n" time investment, there is additionally a long-term pain also! Not worth the \$1,500 one-time savings.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2015, 06:27
souvik101990 OA Please ???? Is it C ???

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2015, 06:27

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